Valeriānus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
P. Licinius, a Roman emperor, A.D. 253-260. He was entrapped
into a conference by the Persians, taken prisoner (260 A.D.)
by Sapor, and passed the remainder of his life in captivity,
subjected to every insult which Oriental cruelty could devise.
His skin was stuffed after his death and hung in one of the
Persian temples for many years.
Valerian in Roman Biography
Lat. Vai.eria'nus, (Puhlius Licinius;)
Fr. Valerien, vS'la're^N'] succeeded vEmilianus as
Emperor of Rome in 253 A.D., and appointed his son
Gallienus his colleague. The empire was soon after
invaded by the Goths and other barbarous tribes, and
by Sapor, (Shapoor,) King of Persia, who defeated the
Romans near Kdessa in 260 and took Valerian prisoner.
He was treated in the most insulting manner by his
captor, who is said to have placed his foot upon him when he
mounted his horse. He died in Persia about
268 A. I)., and was succeeded by his son Gallienus.
See Aurklius Victor, "De Csesaribus;" Tillbmont, "Histoire
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Valerian in Wikipedia
Publius Licinius Valerianus (193/195/200 – 260 or 264), commonly known as Valerian or Valerian the
Elder, was Roman Emperor from 253 to 260. He was taken captive by Persian king Shapur I after the
Battle of Edessa, becoming the only emperor to do so and causing wide range instability across the
Origins and rise to power -
Unlike the majority of the pretenders during the Crisis of the Third Century, Valerian was of a noble
and traditional senatorial family. Details of his early life are elusive, but for his marriage to
Egnatia Mariniana, who gave him two sons: later emperor Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus and
Valerianus Minor.
He was Consul for the first time either before 238 as a Suffectus or in 238 as an Ordinarius. In 238
he was princeps senatus, and Gordian I negotiated through him for Senatorial acknowledgement for his
claim as emperor. In 251, when Decius revived the censorship with legislative and executive powers so
extensive that it practically embraced the civil authority of the emperor, Valerian was chosen censor
by the Senate, though he declined to accept the post. Under Decius he was nominated governor of the
Rhine provinces of Noricum and Raetia and retained the confidence of his successor, Trebonianus
Gallus, who asked him for reinforcements to quell the rebellion of Aemilianus in 253. Valerian headed
south, but was too late: Gallus' own troops had killed him and joined Aemilianus before his arrival.
The Raetian soldiers then proclaimed Valerian emperor and continued their march towards Rome. At the
time of his arrival in September or October, Aemilianus' legions defected, killing him and proclaiming
Valerian emperor. In Rome, the Senate quickly acknowledged him, not only for fear of reprisals, but
also because he was one of their own...