People - Ancient Rome
: Titus Quinctius Flaminius
Titus Quinctius Flamininus in Wikipedia
Titus Quinctius Flamininus (c. 228 BC – 174 BC) was a Roman politician and general instrumental in
the Roman conquest of Greece.
Member of the gens Quinctia, and brother to Lucius Quinctius Flamininus, he served as a military
tribune in the Second Punic war and in 205 BC he was appointed propraetor in Tarentum. He was a
curule aedile in Rome in 203 BC and a quaestor in 199 BC. He became consul in 198 BC, despite being
only about thirty years old, younger than the constitutional age required to serve in that position.
As Livy records, two tribunes, Marcus Fulvius and Manius Curius publicly opposed his candidacy for
consulship, as he was just a quaestor, but the Senate overrode the opposition and he was elected
along with Sextus Aelius Paulus.
After his election to the consulship he was chosen to replace Publius Sulpicius Galba who was consul
with Gaius Aurelius in 200 BC, according to Livy, as general during the Second Macedonian War. He
chased Philip V of Macedon out of most of Greece, except for a few fortresses, defeating him at the
Battle of the Aous, but as his term as consul was coming to an end he attempted to establish a peace
with the Macedonian king. During the negotiations, Flamininus was made proconsul, giving him the
authority to continue the war rather than finishing the negotiations. In 197 BC he defeated Philip at
the Battle of Cynoscephalae in Thessaly, the Roman legions making the Macedonian phalanx obsolete in
the process. Philip was forced to surrender, give up all the Greek cities he had conquered, and pay
Rome 1,000 talents, but his kingdom was left intact to serve as a buffer state between Greece and
Illyria. This displeased the Achaean League, Rome's allies in Greece, who wanted Macedon to be