Pertĭnax in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
A Roman emperor who ruled from January 1 to March 28, A.D.
193, having been reluctantly persuaded to accept the Empire on
the death of Commodus. But having attempted to check the
license of the Praetorian Guards, he was slain by the latter,
who then put up the Empire for sale. See Capitolin. Pertinax;
and Krakauer, Commodus und Pertinax (Breslau, 1883).
Pertinax in Roman Biography
Per'ti-nax, (Helvius,) a Roman emperor, born at
Alba Pompeia, on the Tanaro, in 126 a.d., was a son
of a dealer in charcoal. He was a teacher of grammar
before he entered the army. As prefect of a cohort, he
served with distinction against the Parthians. He was
admitted into the senate, and obtained command of a
legion in the reign of Marcus Aurelius. In 179 A.D. he
was consul. He suppressed a mutiny in Britain in the
reign of Commodus, and was proclaimed emperor by the
senate at the death of Commodus, in January, 193 A.p.
Bv the announcement of important reforms, and his
efforts to restore discipline, he made enemies among the
courtiers and praetorians, who murdered him in his
palace in March, 193 a.d.
See Capitounus, "Pertinax;" Dion Cassius, "History of
Rome :" Gibbon,
" Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."
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Pertinax in Wikipedia
Publius Helvius Pertinax (1 August 126 – 28 March 193), commonly known as Pertinax, was Roman Emperor for three months from 192 to
193. He is known as the first emperor of the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors. Upon his death he was succeeded by Didius
Julianus, whose reign was similarly short-lived...