People - Ancient Rome: Maximinius Daia Born Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus, he was Roman Emperor from 308 to 313.
Maximīnus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
A Roman emperor (305-314), originally called Daza, and
subsequently Galerius Valerius Maximīnus. He was the nephew of
Galerius by a sister, and in early life followed the
occupation of a shepherd in his native Illyria. Having entered
the army, he rose to the highest rank in the service; and upon
the abdication of Diocletian in 305, he was adopted by
Galerius and received the title of Caesar. In 308 Galerius
gave him the title of Augustus, and on the death of the
latter, in 311, Maximinus and Licinius divided the East
between them. In 313 Maximinus attacked the dominions of
Licinius, who had gone to Milan for the purpose of receiving
in marriage the sister of Constantine. He was, however,
defeated by Licinius near Heraclea, and fled to Tarsus, where
he soon after died. Maximinus possessed no military talents.
He owed his elevation to his family connection. He surpassed
all his contemporaries in the profligacy of his private life,
in the general cruelty of his administration, and in the
furious hatred with which he persecuted the Christians. An
account of the two Maximini is given by Iulius Capitolinus in
the Augusta Historia.
Maximinius Daza in Roman Biography
Max-i-mi'nus Da'za, an Illyrian peasant, a relative
of Galerius, was raised by him to the dignity of Caesar,
A.D. 305. He ruled over Syria and Egypt, and persecuted
the Christians. On the death of Galerius, in 311,
Maximinus took possession of all the Asiatic provinces.
He afterwards made war on Licinius, but was defeated,
and died by poison at Tarsus in 313 A.D.
Maximinus II (Daia) in Wikipedia
Gaius Valerius Galerius Maximinus (c. 20 November 270 – July
or August 313), commonly known as Maximinus Daia or
Maximinus II, was Roman Emperor from 308 to 313. He was born
of peasant stock to the half sister of the emperor Galerius
near their family lands around Felix Romuliana; a rural area
now in the Danubian region of Moesia.
He rose to high distinction after he had joined the army,
and in 305 he was adopted by his maternal uncle Galerius and
raised to the rank of caesar, with the government of Syria
and Egypt. In 308, after the elevation of Licinius to
Augustus, Maximinus and Constantine were declared filii
Augustorum ("sons of the Augusti"), but Maximinus probably
started styling himself after Augustus during a campaign
against the Sassanids in 310. On the death of Galerius, in
311, Maximinus divided the Eastern Empire between Licinius
and himself. When Licinius and Constantine began to make
common cause with one another, Maximinus entered into a
secret alliance with the usurper Caesar Maxentius, who
controlled Italy. He came to an open rupture with Licinius
in 313, he summoned an army of 70,000 men, but still
sustained a crushing defeat at the Battle of Tzirallum, in
the neighbourhood of Heraclea Pontica, on the April 30, and
fled, first to Nicomedia and afterwards to Tarsus, where he
died the following August. His death was variously ascribed
"to despair, to poison, and to the divine justice".
Maximinus has a bad name in Christian annals, as having
renewed persecution after the publication of the toleration
edict of Galerius (see Edict of Toleration by Galerius).
Eusebius of Caesarea, for example, writes that Maximinus
conceived an "insane passion" for a Christian girl of
Alexandria, who was of noble birth noted for her wealth,
education, and virginity – Saint Catherine of Alexandria.
When the girl refused his advances, he exiled her and seized
all of her wealth and assets.