People - Ancient Rome
Gaius Claudius Marcellus Minor in Wikipedia
Gaius Claudius Marcellus Minor, (88 BC – May 40 BC) was a Roman senator and consul. He was a member of the distinguished Claudius
family. He was a friend to Roman senator Cicero, and an early opponent of Julius Caesar.
Descent and family -
He was a direct descendant of consul Marcus Claudius Marcellus. His father was also named Marcus, and his mother was named Junia.
Marcellus married in an arranged ceremony Octavia Minor, a great-niece of Julius Caesar and sister of Octavian. They had three
children: two daughters, both named Claudia Marcella, and a son, Marcus, born in Rome.
Opposition to Julius Caesar -
In 54 BC, Octavia's great-uncle Julius Caesar was said to be anxious for Octavia to divorce Marcellus so that she could marry
Pompey, his rival and son-in-law who had just lost his wife Julia (Caesar's daughter, and thus Octavia's cousin once removed).
However, Pompey apparently declined the proposal and Octavia's husband continued to oppose Julius Caesar, culminating in the
crucial year of his consulship in 50 BC when he tried to recall Julius Caesar from his ten-year governorship in Gaul two years
early, without his army, in an attempt to save the Roman Republic. Failing this, he called unsuccessfully upon Caesar to resign.
He also obstructed Caesar from standing for a second consulship in absentia, insisting that he should return to Rome to stand,
thereby forgoing the protection of his armies in Gaul. When Caesar finally invaded Italy in 49 BC, Marcellus, unlike his brother
and nephew, did not take up arms against him. Caesar subsequently pardoned him.
Later years -
In 47 BC he was able to intercede with Caesar for his cousin and namesake Gaius Claudius Marcellus Maior, also a former consul (49
BC), then living in exile. He died in May 40 BC. Five months later, his widow married Mark Antony. The Roman general Publius
Quinctilius Varus and his two sisters were grandchildren from his first marriage.
Marcellus in Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
M. Claudius Marcellus, consul B.C. 51 and a bitter enemy of
Caesar. In B.C. 46 he was pardoned by Caesar on the
intercession of the Senate; whereupon Cicero returned thanks
to Caesar in the oration Pro Marcello, which has come down to
us. Marcellus, who was then living at Mitylené, set out on his
return; but he was murdered at the Piraeus by one of his own
attendants, P. Magius Chilo.
Marcellus in Roman Biography
Mar-cel'lus, (Caius Claudius,) a Roman consul,
who married Octavia, the sister of Octavius Caesar.
He became consul in 50 B.C., before which he had attached
himself to the party of Pompey. While in this
office he made a motion in the senate to deprive Caesar
of his command, but did not succeed. He remained in
Italy during the civil war, and shared the clemency of
Caesar after the victory of the latter. Died about 40 B.C.