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October 14    Scripture



Bible Names N-Z: Zerah


Zerah in Easton's Bible Dictionary sunrise. (1.) An "Ethiopian," probably Osorkon II., the successor of Shishak on the throne of Egypt. With an enormous army, the largest we read of in Scripture, he invaded the kingdom of Judah in the days of Asa (2 Chr. 14:9- 15). He reached Zephathah, and there encountered the army of Asa. This is the only instance "in all the annals of Judah of a victorious encounter in the field with a first-class heathen power in full force." The Egyptian host was utterly routed, and the Hebrews gathered "exceeding much spoil." Three hundred years elapsed before another Egyptian army, that of Necho (B.C. 609), came up against Jerusalem. (2.) A son of Tamar (Gen. 38:30); called also Zara (Matt. 1:3). (3.) A Gershonite Levite (1 Chr. 6:21, 41).

Zerah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary 1. Younger twin son with Pharez of Judah and Tamar (Genesis 38:30; 1 Chronicles 2:6; Matthew 1:3). 2. Son of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:24). (See ZOHAR in Genesis 46:10. 3. A Gershonite Levite, son of Iddo or Adaiah (1 Chronicles 6:21; 1 Chronicles 6:41). 4. The Ethiopian (Cushite) invader defeated by ASA . About this very time there reigned a king Azerch Amar in Ethiopia, whose monuments are found at Napata. The Hebrew abbreviated the name into Zerah. Also an Ozorchon occupied the throne from 956 to 933 B.C. Ozorchon II. succeeded to the throne in right of his wife, sister of the previous king, and so may have been an Ethiopian; but the former is more probable. The defeat of the army of such a great world power as Egypt or Ethiopia is unparalleled in Israel's history, and could only have been through the divine aid. "Jehovah smote the Ethiopians before Asa and before Judah, and the Ethiopians fled, and Asa pursued them unto Gerar, and the Ethiopians were overthrown that they could not recover themselves, for they were destroyed before Jehovah and before His host, and they carried away much spoil" (2 Chronicles 14:9-13). The greatness of Egypt which Shishak had caused diminished at his death. His immediate successors were of no note in the monuments. Hence Asa was able in the first ten years of his reign to recruit his forces and guard against such another invasion as that of Shishak had been. Zerah seems to have taken advantage of Egypt's weakness to extort permission to march his enormous force, composed of the same nationalities (Ethiopians and Lubims: 2 Chronicles 16:8; 2 Chronicles 12:3) as those of the preceding invader Shishak, through Egypt, into Judah.

Zerah in Hitchcock's Bible Names same as Zarah

Zerah in Naves Topical Bible -1. Son of Reuel Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch 1:37 -2. Father of Jobab Ge 36:33; 1Ch 1:44 -3. ZERAH See ZARAH -4. Son of Simeon Nu 26:13; 1Ch 4:24 -5. A Gershonite 1Ch 6:21 -6. A Levite 1Ch 6:41 -7. King of Ethiopia 2Ch 14:9-15

Zerah in Smiths Bible Dictionary (rising (of the sun)). 1. A son of Reuel, son of Esau, Ge 36:13; 1Ch 1:37 and one of the "dukes" or phylarchs of the Edomites. Ge 36:17 (B.C. after 1760.) 2. Less properly, Zarah, twin son, with his elder brother Pharez, of Judah and Tamar. Ge 38:30; 1Ch 2:4; Mt 1:3 (B.C. about 1728.) His descendants were called Zarhites, Ezrahites and Izrahites. Nu 26:20; 1Ki 4:31; 1Ch 27:8,11 3. Son of Simeon, 1Ch 4:24 called ZOHAR in Ge 46:10 (B.C. 1706.) 4. A Gershonite Levite, son of Iddo or Adaiah. 1Ch 6:21,41 (B.C. 1043.) 5. The Ethiopian or Cushite, an invader of Judah, defeated by Asa about B.C. 941. [ASA] Zerah is probably the Hebrew name of Usarken I., second king of the Egyptian twenty-second dynasty; or perhaps more probably Usarken II his second successor. In the fourteenth year of Asa, Zerah the Ethiopian, with a mighty army of or million, invaded his kingdom, and advanced unopposed in the field as far as the valley of Zephathah at Mareshah. The Egyptian monuments enable us to picture the general disposition of Zerah's army. The chariots formed the first corps in a single or double line; behind them, massed in phalanxes, were heavy- armed troops; probably on the flanks stood archers and horsemen in lighter formations. After a prayer by Asa, his army attacked the Egyptians and defeated them. The chariots, broken by the charge and with horses made unmanageable by flights of arrows must have been forced back upon the cumbrous host behind. So complete was the overthrow that the Hebrews could capture and spoil the cities around Gerah which must have been in alliance with Zerah. The defeat of the Egyptian army is without parallel in the history of the Jews. On no other occasion did an Israelite army meet an army of one of the great powers and defeat it.

Zerah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE ze'-ra (zerach, meaning uncertain): (1) In Gen 38:30; 46:12; Nu 26:20; Josh 7:1,18,24; 22:20; 1 Ch 2:4,6; 9:6; Neh 11:24; Mt 1:3, younger twin-son of Judah and Tamar, and an ancestor of Achan. In Nu 26:20; Josh 7:17 f he is the head of the Zerahites (also 1 Ch 27:11,13). the King James Version has "Zarah" in Gen 38:30; 46:12, and "Zarhites" for "Zerahites" in Numbers, Joshua and 1 Chronicles. See Curtis (Chronicles, 84 f) for identification of Ezrahite with Zerahite. (2) Edomites: (a) an Edomite chief (Gen 36:13,17; 1 Ch 1:37); (b) father of an Edomite king (Gen 36:33; 1 Ch 1:44). (3) Levites: (a) 1 Ch 6:21 (Hebrew verse 6); (b) 1 Ch 6:41 (Hebrew verse 26). (4) Head of the Zerahites (Nu 26:13, the King James Version "Zarhites"; 1 Ch 4:24). In Nu 26:13 = "Zohar" of Gen 46:10; Ex 6:15. See ZOHAR, (2). (5) Cushite king (2 Ch 14:9). See the next article David Francis Roberts

Zerah in Wikipedia Zerah or Zérach (זֶרַח / זָרַח "Sunrise", Standard Hebrew Zéraḥ / Záraḥ, Tiberian Hebrew Zéraḥ / Zāraḥ) refers to five different people in the Hebrew Bible. Zerah the Cushite, is an individual mentioned by the Book of Chronicles as having invaded the Kingdom of Judah with an enormous army, in the days of Asa.[1] According to the text, when Zerah's army reached that of Asa at Zephathah,[2] Zerah's army was utterly defeated, by divine intervention,[3] and Asa's forces collected a large volume of spoils of war.[4]...

Zerah Scripture - Genesis 36:17 And these [are] the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these [are] the dukes [that came] of Reuel in the land of Edom; these [are] the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.

Zerah Scripture - Genesis 46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

Zerah Scripture - Joshua 7:1 But the children of Israel committed a trespass in the accursed thing: for Achan, the son of Carmi, the son of Zabdi, the son of Zerah, of the tribe of Judah, took of the accursed thing: and the anger of the LORD was kindled against the children of Israel.

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