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October 23    Scripture



Bible Names N-Z: Zadok


Zadok in Easton's Bible Dictionary righteous. (1.) A son of Ahitub, of the line of Eleazer (2 Sam. 8:17; 1 Chr. 24:3), high priest in the time of David (2 Sam. 20:25) and Solomon (1 Kings 4:4). He is first mentioned as coming to take part with David at Hebron (1 Chr. 12:27, 28). He was probably on this account made ruler over the Aaronites (27:17). Zadok and Abiathar acted as high priests on several important occasions (1 Chr. 15:11; 2 Sam. 15:24-29, 35, 36); but when Adonijah endeavoured to secure the throne, Abiathar went with him, and therefore Solomon "thrust him out from being high priest," and Zadok, remaining faithful to David, became high priest alone (1 Kings 2:27, 35; 1 Chr. 29:22). In him the line of Phinehas resumed the dignity, and held it till the fall of Jerusalem. He was succeeded in his sacred office by his son Azariah (1 Kings 4:2; comp. 1 Chr. 6:3-9). (2.) The father of Jerusha, who was wife of King Uzziah, and mother of King Jotham (2 Kings 15:33; 2 Chr. 27:1). (3.) "The scribe" set over the treasuries of the temple by Nehemiah along with a priest and a Levite (Neh. 13:13). (4.) The sons of Baana, one of those who assisted in rebuilding the wall of Jerusalem (Neh. 3:4).

Zadok in Fausset's Bible Dictionary 1. Son of Ahitub, of the house of Eleazar, son of Aaron (1 Chronicles 24:3). Joined David at Hebron after Saul's death, with 22 captains of his father's house. At Absalom's revolt Zadok and the Levites bearing the ark accompanied David in leaving Jerusalem, but at his request returned with the ark and along with Hushai and Abiathar became David's medium of knowing events passing in the city, through Jonathan and Ahimaaz. At Absasalom's death David desired Zadok and Abiathar to persuade the elders of Judah to invite him to return (2 Samuel 15; 2 Samuel 17; 2 Samuel 19). Zadok remained faithful in Adonijah's rebellion when Abiathar joined it. Zadok, with Nathan the prophet, anointed Solomon at Gihon by David's command (a second anointing took place subsequently: 1 Chronicles 29:22). So Solomon put Zadok instead of Abiathar, fulfilling the curse on Eli (1 Samuel 2; 3; 1 Kings 2:27; 1 Kings 2:35; 1 Kings 4:4; 1 Chronicles 29:22). (See ABIATHAR.) David made him ruler over the Aaronites (1 Chronicles 27:17); their number in 1 Chronicles 12:27-28, is said to be 3,700 under Jehoiada. Zadok did not survive to the dedication of Solomon's temple, but Azariah his son or grandson (1 Chronicles 6:8-9) was then high priest (1 Chronicles 6:10; 1 Kings 4:2). His descendants continued in the high priesthood (compare 2 Chronicles 31:10, "Azariah of the house of Zadok chief priest") until the time of Antiochus Eupator. The double high priesthood of Zadok and Abiathar answers to that of the chief priest and second priest (2 Kings 25:18; Luke 3:2 "Annas and Caiaphas being high priest);" compare 2 Chronicles 31:10, "Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok." Zadok ministered mainly before the tabernacle at Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:39). Abiathar bad charge of the ark in Jerusalem; so formerly Eleazar and Ithamar, Hophni and Phinehas, were joint chief priests. Even while the line of Ithamar in the person of Eli was foremost, Eleazar's house held its ground on a kind of parity, Ahitub, Zadok's father, being called "ruler of the house of God" (1 Chronicles 9:11; Nehemiah 11:11)...

Zadok in Hitchcock's Bible Names just; justified

Zadok in Naves Topical Bible -1. The high priest during the time of David's reign 2Sa 19:11; 20:25; 1Ch 15:11; 16:39 Removes the ark of the covenant from Jerusalem at the time of Absalom's usurpation; returns with the ark of the covenant at David's command 2Sa 15:24-36; 17:15,17-21 Stands aloof from Adonijah at the time of his attempted usurpation 1Ki 1:8,26 Summoned by David to anoint Solomon to be king 1Ki 1:32-40,44,45 Performs the function of a high priest after Abiathar was deposed by Solomon 1Ki 2:35; 1Ch 29:22 -2. Father of Jerusha 2Ki 15:33; 2Ch 27:1 -3. Son of Ahitub 1Ch 6:12 -4. A man of valor 1Ch 12:28 -5. Son of Baana Ne 3:4 -6. A priest Ne 3:29 -7. A returned exile Ne 10:21 -8. Son of Meraioth Ne 11:11 -9. A treasurer of the temple Ne 13:13

Zadok in Smiths Bible Dictionary (just). 1. Son of Ahitub and one of the two chief priests in the time of David, Abiathar being the other. Zadok was of the house of Eleazar the son of Aaron, 1Ch 24:3 and eleventh in descent from Aaron. 1Ch 12:28 He joined David at Hebron after Saul's death, 1Ch 12:28 and thenceforth his fidelity to David was inviolable. When Absalom revolted and David fled from Jerusalem, Zadok and all the Levites bearing the ark accompanied him. When Absalom was dead, Zadok and Abiathar were the persons who persuaded the elders of Judah to invite David to return. 2Sa 19:11 When Adonijah, in David's old age, set up for king, and had persuaded Joab, and Abiathar the priest, to join his party, Zadok was unmoved, and was employed by David to anoint Solomon to be king in his room. 1Ki 1:34 For this fidelity he was rewarded by Solomon who "thrust out Abiathar from being priest unto the Lord," and "put in Zadok the priest" in his room. 1Ki 2:27,35 From this time, however, we hear little of him. Zadok and Abiathar were of nearly equal dignity. 2Sa 15:35,36; 19:11 The duties of the office were divided, Zadok ministered before the tabernacle at Gibeon, 1Ch 16:39 Abiathar had the care of the ark at Jerusalem. 2. According to the genealogy of the high priests in 1Ch 6:12 there was a second Zadok, son of a second Ahitub son of Amariah, about the time of King Ahaziah. It is probable that no such person as this second Zadok ever existed, but that the insertion of the two names is a copyist's error. 3. Father of Jerushah, the wife of King Uzziah and mother of King Jotham. 2Ki 15:33; 2Ch 27:1 4. Son of Baana, and 5. Son of Immer, persons who repaired a portion of the wall in Nehemiah's time. Ne 3:4,29 6. In 1Ch 9:11 and Nehe 11:11 mention is made, in a genealogy, of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub; but it can hardly be doubtful that Meraioth is inserted by the error of a copyist, and that Zadok the son of Ahitub is meant.

Zadok in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE za'-dok (tsadowq, once tsadhoq (1 Ki 1:26), similar to tsaddiq, and tsadduq, post-Biblical, meaning justus, "righteous"; Septuagint Sadok): Cheyne in Encyclopedia Biblica suggests that Zadok was a modification of a Gentilic name, that of the Zidkites the Negeb, who probably derived their appellation from the root ts-d-q, a secondary title of the god they worshipped. At the same time Cheyne admits that cultivated Israelites may have interpreted Zadok as meaning "just," "righteous"--a much more credible supposition. (1) Zadok the son of Ahitub (2 Sam 8:17)--not of Ahitub the ancestor of Ahimelech (1 Sam 14:3) and of Abiathar, his son (1 Sam 22:20). (2) Zadok father of Jerusha, mother of Jotham, and wife of Uzziah king of Judah (2 Ki 15:33; 2 Ch 27:1). (3) Zadok the son of Ahitub and father of Shallum (1 Ch 6:12) or Meshullam (Neh 11:11), and the ancestor of Ezra (7:1,2). (4) Zadok the son of Baana, a wall-builder in the time of Nehemiah (Neh 3:4), and probably one of the signatories to the covenant made by the princes, priests and Levites of Israel (Neh 10:21)--in both places his name occurring immediately after that of Meshezabel. (5) Zodak the son of Immer, and, like the preceding, a repairer of the wall (Neh 3:29). (6) Zodak a scribe in the time of Nehemiah (13:13). Whether this was the same as either of the two preceding cannot be determined. The first of these filled a larger place in Old Testament history than either of the others; and to him accordingly the following paragraphs refer. They set forth the accounts given of him first in Samuel and Kings and next in Chronicles; after which they state and criticize the critical theory concerning him...

Zadok in Wikipedia Zadok or Zadoq (Hebrew: צדוק, Tzadok meaning "Righteous") was a Jewish High Priest in the tenth century BC. A son of Ahitub, of the line of Eleazar (2 Samuel 8:17; 1 Chronicles 24:3), high priest in the time of David (2 Sam. 20:25) and Solomon (1 Kings 4:4) (1 Kings 4:2). He is first mentioned as coming to take part with David at Hebron (1 Chr. 12:27, 28). He was probably on this account made ruler over the Aaronites (27:17). During the rebellion of Absalom, Zadok gained still greater prominence. He and the Levites wished to accompany the fleeing David with the Ark of the Covenant, but the king begged them to remain at Jerusalem, where they could do him better service (II Sam. xv. 24-29; comp. 35), so that it actually happened that Ahimaaz, the son of Zadok, and Jonathan, the son of Abiathar, brought the king an important message (ib. xvii. 21). In all these passages Zadok is mentioned before Abiathar...

Zadok Scripture - 1 Chronicles 24:31 These likewise cast lots over against their brethren the sons of Aaron in the presence of David the king, and Zadok, and Ahimelech, and the chief of the fathers of the priests and Levites, even the principal fathers over against their younger brethren.

Zadok Scripture - 2 Chronicles 31:10 And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him, and said, Since [the people] began to bring the offerings into the house of the LORD, we have had enough to eat, and have left plenty: for the LORD hath blessed his people; and that which is left [is] this great store.

Zadok Scripture - 2 Samuel 19:11 And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, [even] to his house.

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