Zacharias in Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1.) A priest of the course of Abia, the eighth of the
twenty-four courses into which the priests had been
divided by David (1 Chr. 23:1-19). Only four of
these courses or
"families" of the priests returned from the Exile
2:36-39); but they were then re-distributed under
designations. The priests served at the temple twice
and only for a week each time. Zacharias's time had
this service. During this period his home would be
one of the
chambers set apart for the priests on the sides of
ground. The offering of incense was one of the most
of the daily worship of the temple, and lots were
drawn each day
to determine who should have this great honour, an
no priest could enjoy more than once during his
While Zacharias ministered at the golden altar of
the holy place, it was announced to him by the angel
that his wife Elisabeth, who was also of a priestly
stricken in years, would give birth to a son who was
called John, and that he would be the forerunner of
long-expected Messiah (Luke 1:12-17). As a
punishment for his
refusing to believe this message, he was struck dumb
able to speak until the day that these things should
performed" (20). Nine months passed away, and
was born, and when in answer to their inquiry
Zacharias wrote on
a "writing tablet," "His name is John," his mouth
and he praised God (60-79). The child (John the
"born out of due time," "waxed strong in spirit"
(2.) The "son of Barachias," mentioned as having
between the temple and the altar (Matt. 23:35; Luke
"Barachias" here may be another name for Jehoiada,
think. (See ZECHARIAH -T0003892.)
Zacharias in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Father of John the Baptist. (Luke 1:5). frontJOHN THE
BAPTIST.) Of the course of Abia or Abijah, eighth of the 24
(1 Chronicles 24:10); walking with Elizabeth his wife "in
all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless."
His lot was to burn incense, the embodiment of prayer (from
whence also during the burning of incense the whole people
prayed: Revelation 8:3-4; Psalm 141:2), and esteemed so
honourable an office that the same person (say the rabbis)
was not allowed to discharge it twice. His unbelief
("whereby shall I know this, seeing I am old?" etc.) at the
angel' s announcement of John's birth was retributively
punished by dumbness (contrast Psalm 116:10; 2 Corinthians
4:13), a warning to Israel whose representative he was of
the consequences of unbelief if the nation should reject the
gospel just coming; just as Mary on the contrary was an
example of the blessedness which would flow if they believed
(Luke 1:45; Luke 1:38).
Faith (dictating the name for his son given by the
angel: Luke 1:13; Luke 1:63-64) opened his mouth, as faith
shall cause Israel in the last days to confess her Lord, and
the veil on her heart shall be taken away (2 Corinthians
3:15-16). Then followed his song of thanksgiving under the
Holy Spirit, as Israel shall sing when turned to the Lord
according to "the oath which He sware to our father
Abraham," etc. (Luke 1:68-80; Isaiah 12:1-3; Zechariah
12:10,) "The horn of salvation in the house of David"
contrasts beautifully with "the little horn" or antichrist
destroying Israel before Messiah shall appear for Israel's
help (Daniel 7:8; Daniel 8:9-14; Daniel 8:11; Daniel 12:1-
2. Son of Barachias (Matthew 23:35). The same as the
sire of Jehoiada; Joash ungratefully forgetting that he owed
his throne to Jehoiada slew Zacharias for his faithful
reproof: "Why transgress ye the commandments of Jehovah,
that ye cannot prosper? because ye have forsaken Jehovah, He
hath also forsaken you." By Joash's command they stoned
Zacharias "in the court of the house of Jehovah!" And to it
the tradition may be due which assigns the tomb in the
valley of Jehoshaphat to Zacharias. Contrast Jehoiada's
reverent care not to slay Athaliah in the temple precincts
(2 Chronicles 23:14; 2 Chronicles 24:20-22; 2 Chronicles
24:25). Joash slew other "sons" of Jehoiada besides
"The Lord look upon it and requite it" was the
martyr's dying sentence, which Jesus refers to as about to
be executed on Israel; "that upon you may come all the
righteous blood shed upon the earth from the blood of
Zacharias, son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple
and the altar," i.e. in the interior court of the priests,
in which was the altar of burnt offerings. As Zacharias'
prayer for vengeance is the judicial side of God's word by
His prophets (Revelation 6:9-11; Luke 18:7), so Stephen's
prayer is the gospel loving side of it (Acts 7:60). Though
Urijah was slain subsequently to Zacharias (Jeremiah 26:23),
yet Zacharias is the last as the canon was arranged,
Chronicles standing in it last; Christ names Zacharias as
the last and Abel as the first martyr in the Scripture
canon. Barachias may have been a second name of Jehoiada,
meaning "the blessed," because he preserved David's house in
the person of Joash from the murderous Athaliah, slew her,
and restored the rightful king. However, as "son of
Barachias" does not occur in Luke 11:51, perhaps the words
in Matthew were a marginal gloss, confusing this Zacharias
with Zechariah the prophet, son of Berechiah.
Zacharias in Naves Topical Bible
-1. A man who was killed by the Jews
Referred to by Jesus
Mt 23:35; Lu 11:51
-2. The father of John the Baptist
Lu 1:5-80; 3:2
See JOHN THE BAPTIST
Zacharias in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(Greek form of Zechariah).
1. Father of John the Baptist. Lu 1:5 etc. He was a
priest of the course of Abia. the eighth of the twenty-four
courses who ministered at the temple in turn. He probably
lived at Hebron. His wife's name was Elisabeth. John was
born to them in their old age, and the promise of this son
was communicated to Zacharias by an angel while he was
offering incense and praying in the temple.
2. Son of Barachias, who, our Lord says, was slain
by the Jews between the altar and the temple. Mt 23:35; Lu
11:61 There has been much dispute who this Zacharias was.
Many of the Greek fathers have maintained that the father of
John the Baptist is the person to whom our Lord alludes but
there can be little or no doubt that the allusion is to
Zechariah, the son of Jehoiada, 2Ch 24:20,21 and he may have
been called "the son" of Barachias from his grandfather.
(B.C. 838.) He is mentioned as being the martyr last
recorded in the Hebrew Scriptures (as Abel was the first) -d
Chronicles being the last book in their canon.
Smith, William, Dr "Definition for 'Zacharias' Smiths Bible
bible-history.com - Smiths; 1901.
Zacharias in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
(1) One of the "rulers of the temple" at the time of
Josiah's Passover (1 Esdras 1:8) = "Zechariah" of 2 Ch 35:8.
(2) One of the "holy singers" at Josiah's Passover (1 Esdras
1:15); the name stands in place of "Heman" in 2 Ch 35:15.
(3) In 1 Esdras 6:1; 7:3 = the prophet Zechariah.
(4) One of the sons of Pharos who returned with Ezra at the
head of his family (1 Esdras 8:30) = "Zechariah" of Ezr 8:3,
and perhaps identical with (5).
(5) One of the "men of understanding" with whom Ezra
consulted when he discovered the absence of priests and
Levites (1 Esdras 8:44) = "Zechariah" of Ezr 8:16, and
perhaps identical with (6).
(6) Zacharias (omitted in the King James Version), who stood
on Ezra's left hand as he expounded the Law (1 Esdras 9:44)
= "Zechariah" of Neh 8:4.
(7) One of the sons of Babi who went up at the head of his
family with Ezra (1 Esdras 8:37) = "Zechariah" of Ezr 8:11.
(8) One of the sons of Elam who had taken foreign wives (1
Esdras 9:27) = "Zechariah" of Ezr 10:26.
(9) The father of Joseph, one of the "leaders of the people"
under Judas (1 Macc 5:18,56).
(10) The King James Version = the Revised Version (British
and American) "Zarains" (1 Esdras 5:8).
(11) The King James Version = the Revised Version (British
and American) "Zachariah" of Mt 23:35.
Zacharias Scripture - Luke 11:51
From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which
perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto
you, It shall be required of this generation.
Zacharias Scripture - Luke 1:13
But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy
prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son,
and thou shalt call his name John.
Zacharias Scripture - Matthew 23:35
That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the
earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of
Zacharias son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple
and the altar.