Bible Names N-Z: Togarmah
Togarmah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1.) A son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth (Gen. 10:3).
(2.) A nation which traded in horses and mules at the
Tyre (Ezek. 27:14; 38:6); probably an Armenian or a
race; descendants of (1).
Togarmah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Son of Gomer, brother of Ashkenaz and Riphath (Genesis
10:8). Corresponding to Armenia. From toka, Sanskrit for
"tribe" or "race," and Armah (Armenia). The Armenians
represent Haik to be their founder and son of Thorgau (Moses
Choren. 1:4; 9-11). The Phrygians, the race that overspread
Asia Minor, probably migrated from Armenia, their language
resembled the Armenian (Eudoxus, in Steph. Byz. on Armenia).
The Phrygian is Indo-Germanic, as inscriptions prove, and
resembled Greek (Plato, Cratyl.). In Ezekiel 27:14 Togarmah
appears trading with Tyre for horses and mules; so Strabo
(xi. 13, section 9) makes Armenia famous for breeding
horses. In Ezekiel 38:6, Togarmah comes with Comer from the
N. against Israel; this and Genesis 10:3 imply Togarmah's
connection with the Japhetic races, which modern research
confirms as to Armenia. The Armenian connection with the
Celts (Comer, i.e. the Cimbri, Cimmerians, Crimea, Cymry),
implied in Togarmah being Gomer's son, is not unlikely. The
Imperial Dictionary makes Togarmah to mean the Turkomans who
have always joined the Turks, i.e. Gog (Ezekiel 38:1-6) or
the king of the N. (Daniel 11:40); Bochart makes Goghasan
the original form, among the Colchians, Armenians, and
Chaldaeans, for which the Greeks gave Caucasus.
Togarmah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
which is all bone
Togarmah in Naves Topical Bible
-Son of Gomer
Ge 10:3; 1Ch 1:6
Eze 27:14; 38:6
Togarmah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
a son of Gomer, of the family of Japheth, and brother of
Ashkenaz and Riphath. Ge 10:3 His descendants became a people
engaged in agriculture, breeding horses and mules to be sold
in Tyre. Eze 27:14 They were also a military people, well
skilled in the use of arms. Togarmah was probably the ancient
name of Armenia.
Togarmah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
to-gar'-ma (~togharmah]; Thorgama, Thergama, Thurgama,
Thurgaba; Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.)
1. Its Forms: A Suggested Identification:
The 3rd son of Gomer, and grandson of Japheth, his brothers
being Ashkenaz and Riphath (Gen 10:3). The meaning of the
name is doubtful. Grimm (Gesch. deutsch. Sprache, II, 325)
suggests Sanskr. toka, "tribe," and arma = Armenia.
Etymological and other difficulties stand in the way of
French Delitzsch's identification of Togarmah with the
Assyrian Til-garimmu, "hill of Garimmu," or, possibly, "of
the bone-heap," a fortress of Melitene, on the borders of
2. Probably Armenia or a Tract Connected Therewith:
In Ezek 27:14 Togarmah is mentioned after Tubal, Javan and
Mesech as supplying horses and mules to the Tyrians, and in
38:6 it is said to have supplied soldiers to the army of Gog
(Gyges of Lydia). In the Assyrian inscriptions horses came
from Kusu (neighborhoed of Cappadocia), Andia and Mannu, to
the North of Assyria. Both Kiepert and Dillmann regard
Togarmah as having been Southeastern Armenia, and this is at
present the general opinion. The ancient identification of
their country with Togarmah by the Armenians, though
correct, is probably due to the Septuagint transposition of
"g" and "r" (Thorgama for Togarmah), which has caused them
to see therein the name of Thorgom, father of Haik, the
founder of their race (Moses of Khor, I, 4, secs. 9-11).
Ezek 27:14 (Swete) alone has "g" before "r": Thaigrama. The
name "Armenia" dates from the 5th century BC.
See ARMENIA; TABLE OF NATIONS.
T. G. Pinches
Togarmah in Wikipedia
Togarmah (Hebrew: תּוגרמה/Togarmah ; Armenian: Թորգոմ/T’orgom ;
Georgian: თარგამოს/T’argamos) third son of Gomer, and grandson
of Japheth, brother of Ashkenaz and Riphat (Genesis 10:3 ). He
is held to be the ancestor of the peoples of the South
Caucasus (the Georgians and the Armenians)...
Togarmah Scripture - Ezekiel 27:14
They of the house of Togarmah traded in thy fairs with horses
and horsemen and mules.
Togarmah Scripture - Ezekiel 38:6
Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north
quarters, and all his bands: [and] many people with thee.
Togarmah Scripture - Genesis 10:3
And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.
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