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    Tobiah in Easton's Bible Dictionary pleasing to Jehovah, the "servant," the "Ammonite," who joined with those who opposed the rebuilding of Jerusalem after the Exile (Neh. 2:10). He was a man of great influence, which he exerted in opposition to the Jews, and "sent letters" to Nehemiah "to put him in fear" (Neh. 6:17-19). "Eliashib the priest" prepared for him during Nehemiah's absence "a chamber in the courts of the house of God," which on his return grieved Nehemiah sore, and therefore he "cast forth all the household stuff of Tobiah out of the chamber" (13:7, 8).

    Tobiah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary TOBIAH or TOBIJAH ("goodness of Jehovah".) 1. A Levite employed by Jehoshaphat to teach the law in the cities of Judah (2 Chronicles 17:8). 2. "The slave, the Ammonite." With Sanballat and Geshem tried by fair means and foul to thwart Nehemiah (Nehemiah 2:10; Nehemiah 2:19; Nehemiah 6:17-18; Nehemiah 13:1-8). He had the greater power of mischief, being married into a Jewish family (the daughter of Shechaniah), and having his son Johanan married to the daughter of Meshullam, thus he had a Jewish party on his side. As Sanballat represented Moab's hereditary grudge against Israel, so Tobiah represented Ammon's. Eliashib was allied to Tobiah; possibly Sanballat, Eliashib's son in law, was related to Tobiah, and so Tobiah was connected with Eliashib (Nehemiah 13:4). Hence, it was deemed necessary to read before the people the law that "the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation of God forever" (Nehemiah 13:1). Tobiah was notorious for contemptuous sarcasm (Nehemiah 4:3- 5), "even that which they build, if a fox go up, he shall even break down their stone wall." Nehemiah winced under his scorn and appealed to God for vindication: "hear, O God, for we are despised, and turn their reproach upon their own head." The psalmist of Psalm 123 (possibly Nehemiah) speaks in the person of Israel similarly of Moab's, Ammon's, and Samaria's contempt: "behold as the eyes of servants look unto the hand of their masters (glancing in contrast at 'Tobiah the servant' or slave) so our eyes wait upon the Lord our God ... Have mercy upon us, for we are exceedingly filled with contempt; our soul is exceedingly filled with the scorning of those that are at ease, and with the contempt of the proud." An undesigned coincidence between the psalm and the history. So also Psalm 79:4; Psalm 79:12, written at the same date (see Psalm 79:1) when the "holy temple" lay "defiled": "we are become a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us ... Render unto our neighbours sevenfold into their bosom their reproach wherewith they have reproached Thee." Tobiah corresponded with the nobles of Judah of his party, many of whom were "sworn to him" because of affinity. These reported his good deeds before Nehemiah to win him over, and then reported Nehemiah's words to Tobiah, and wrote intimidating letters to Nehemiah (Nehemiah 6:17-19). His crowning impudence was residing in a chamber of the temple, of which the proper use was to be a store for the vessels, the tithes, and offerings for the Levites, priests, etc., Eliashib having dared, in defiance of the law, to prepare it for him. Nehemiah was sorely grieved, and cast all Tobiah's stuff out, and commanded the cleansing of the chambers (Nehemiah 13:1-9).

    Tobiah in Hitchcock's Bible Names Tobijah

    Tobiah in Naves Topical Bible -1. Ancestor of a family of Babylonian captives Ezr 2:60; Ne 7:62 -2. An enemy of the Jews in the time of Nehemiah Opposes the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem Ne 2:10,19; 4:3,7,8 Conspires to injure and intimidate Nehemiah Ne 6:1-14,19 Subverts nobles of Judah Ne 6:17,18 Allies himself with Eliashib, the priest Ne 13:4-9

    Tobiah in Smiths Bible Dictionary (goodness of Jehovah). 1. "The children of Tobiah" were a family who returned with Zerubbabel, but were unable to prove their connection with Israel -- Ezr 2:60; Ne 7:62 (B.C. before 536.) 2. "Tobiah the slave, the Ammonite," played a conspicuous part in the rancorous position made by Sanballat the Moabite and his adherents to the rebuilding of Jerusalem. (B.C. 446.) The two races of Moab and Ammon found in these men fit representatives of that hereditary hatred to the Israelites which began before the entrance into Caanan, and was not extinct when the Hebrews had ceased to exist as a nation. But Tobiah, though a slave, Ne 2:10,19 --unless, this is a title of opprobrium --and an Ammonite, found means to ally himself with a priestly family, and his son Johanan married the daughter of Meshullam the son of Berechiah. Ne 6:18 He himself was the son-in-law of Shechaniah the son of Arah, Ne 6:17 and these family relations created for him a strong faction among the Jews.

    Tobiah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE to-bi'-a (Tobhiyah; Codex Alexandrinus Tobias; omitted in Codex Vaticanus): (1) An Ammonite slave (King James Version, "servant"), probably of Sanballat, the governor of Samaria (Neh 2:10). He was grieved exceedingly when Nehemiah came to seek the welfare of the children of Israel. In two ways he was connected by marriage with the Jews, having himself married the daughter of Shecaniah, the son of Arab, and his son Jehohanan having married the daughter of Meshullam, the son of Berechiah (Neh 6:18). Because of this close connection with the Jews, the nobles of the latter corresponded by letter with him and also reported his good deeds to Nehemiah and reported Nehemiah's words to Tobiah. In consequence of the report, Tobiah sent letters to Nehemiah to put him in fear (6:17-19). Nehemiah seems to have considered him to be his chief enemy; for he put him before Sanballat in his prayers to God to remember his opponents according to their works (6:14). In 13:4 we are told that he was an ally of Eliashib, the high priest who had the oversight of the chambers of the house of God and had prepared for him as a guest chamber the room which had before been used as a storehouse for offerings of various kinds. Nehemiah, having heard during his second visit to Jerusalem of this desecration of the temple, cast out the household stuff of Tobiah and cleansed the chambers, restoring the vessels of God and the offerings as of old. (2) The eponym of a family which returned with Zerubbabel, but could not trace its descent (Ezr 2:60; Neh 7:62). R. Dick Wilson

    Tobiah in Wikipedia Tobiah was an Ammonite official[1] (possibly a governor of Ammon) who incited the Ammonites to hinder Ezra and Nehemiah's efforts to rebuild Jerusalem.[2][3] He, along with Sanballat and Geshem the Arab, resorted to a stratagem, and, pretending to wish a conference with Nehemiah, invited him to meet them at Ono, Benjamin. Four times they made the request, and every time Nehemiah refused to come. Their object was to frighten him from completing the restoration of Jerusalem's walls and to do him some kind of harm.[4] Tobiah also had married a daughter of Shecaniah, a Judahite leader,[5] and had given his son, Jehohanan, in marriage to the daughter of Meshullam, another Judahite leader,[6] for ostensibly political purposes. Because of this, he somehow gained enough of a Judahite coalition to use the Judahites themselves to send letters to Nehemiah, telling him of Tobiah's "good deeds" in an apparent attempt to weaken Nehemiah's resolve to keep Tobiah out of the rebuilding effort. Tobiah meanwhile sent intimidating letters directly to Nehemiah.[7] Additionally, Tobiah had established a close relationship with Eliashib, the Israelite high priest, such that Eliashib emptied a room of the temple filled with the Israelite's grain offerings, incense, temple articles, and the tithes of grain, new wine and oil meant for the work of the temple and the temple workers themselves so that Tobiah could put his own household goods in the newly constructed temple. Upon hearing this, Nehemiah, who was then in Babylon serving Artaxerxes II (as there was no work at the Temple during the reigns of Darius the Great, Ahasuerus (probably Xerxes), or Artaxerxes I,[8] ) requested permission to return to Judah. After returning, he promptly threw all of Tobiah's belongings out of the temple room, purified the room, and put back all that had originally been there.[9]

    Tobiah Scripture - Ezra 2:60 The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two.

    Tobiah Scripture - Nehemiah 6:1 Now it came to pass, when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and Geshem the Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had builded the wall, and [that] there was no breach left therein; (though at that time I had not set up the doors upon the gates;)

    Tobiah Scripture - Nehemiah 7:62 The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred forty and two.