Timnah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
a portion. (1.) A town of Judah (Josh. 15:10). The
took possession of it in the days of Ahaz (2 Chr.
28:18). It was
about 20 miles west of Jerusalem. It has been
Timnatha of Dan (Josh. 19:43), and also with Timnath
(2.) A city in the mountains of Judah (Josh.15:57)=
(3.) A "duke" or sheik of Edom (Gen. 36:40).
Timnah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("a divided or assigned part".)
1. Judah went to shear his sheep in Timnah (Genesis
2. A boundary town in Judah on the N. side (Joshua
15:10). Near the western extremity, further than
Bethshemesh, toward Ekron; in the shephelah or low hills
between the mountains and the plain (2 Chronicles 28:18).
Probably the same as TIMNATHAH of Dan (Joshua 19:43), and as
the Timhah of Samson. (Judges 14:1; Judges 14:19); haunted
by lions, etc., therefore thinly peopled; higher than
Askelon, lower than Zorah (Judges 13:25). Now Tibneh, a
deserted site S.W. of Zorah, and two miles W. of Ain Shems.
Timnah when deserted by the Danite emigrants to Laish fell
by turns to Judah and the Philistines.
Tibneh is 740 ft. above the sea, not in the plain.
Samson in going down to it would descend first 700 ft. into
the valley, then ascend again 350 ft. to Timnah. The grain
which he fired grew in the valley, whereas the vineyards and
olives lined the hills. With appropriate accuracy Judges
(Judges 15:4-6) says "the Philistines came up" to Timnah.
The substitution of b for m, which we see in Tibneh for
Timnah, occurs also in Atab for Etam (Judges 15:8; Judges
15:11, where instead of KJV "top" translated "he went down
and dwelt in the cleft" seiph of the rock Etam). These
clefts were the natural hiding places of the Israelites from
their oppressors; and the term seiph is only used of the
kind of rock to which the term celah is applied, nikrah of
the "cavities" of the rock called tsur.
Etam answers to Belt Arab, which has a cavern called
"the place of refuge," 250 ft. long, and from 5 to 8 ft.
high, 18 ft. wide. The natural cleft has been artificially
but rudely hewn in the rock. As Beit Atab, into which Samson
went down for refuge (now called Hasuta), answers to the
rock Elam ("eagle's nest"), so seven miles off is a low
hill, and close by is a chapel sacred to sheikh Nedhir, "the
Nazarite chief," and higher up is the ruin "Ism-Allah," i.e.
God heard, evidently pointing to the battle of Ramath Lehi.
Moreover the springs were sometimes called Ayun Kara,
answering to En-Hak. Kore, "fountain of the crier": Judges
15:19. (Israel Exploration Quarterly Statement, July 1878,
3. A town in the mountain district of Judah,
enumerated with Maon, Ziph, and Carmel S. of Hebron.
Timnah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Timnah in Naves Topical Bible
-1. A duke of Edom
Ge 36:40; 1Ch 1:51
-2. A city in the territory of the tribe of Judah
Jos 15:10; 2Ch 28:18
-3. A city in the mountains of Judah
Timnah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. A place which formed one of the landmarks on the
north boundary of the allotment of Judah. Jos 15:10 It is
probably identical with the Thimnathah of Jos 19:43 and that
again with the Timnath, or, more accurately, Timnathah, of
Samson Jud 14:1,2,5 and the Thamnatha of the Maccabees. The
modern representative of all these various forms of the same
name is probably Tibneh, a village about two miles west of Ain
Shems (Beth-shemesh). In the later history of the Jews, Timnah
must have been a conspicuous place. It was fortified by
Bacchides as one of the most important military posts of
Judea. 1 Macc. 9:50.
2. A town in the mountain district of Judah. Jos 15:57
A distinct place from that just examined.
3. Inaccurately written Timnath in the Authorized
Version, the scene of the adventure of Judah with his daughter
in-law Tamar. Ge 38:12,13,14 There is nothing here to indicate
its position. It may be identified either with the Timnah in
the mountains of Judah No. 23 or with the Timnathath of Samson
Timnah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
tim'-na (timnah, timnathah (Josh 19:43; Jdg 14:1,2,5),
"allotted portion; Codex Vaticanus Thamnatha; also several
Greek variations; King James Version has Timnath in Gen
38:12,13,14; Jdg 14:1,2,5; and Thimnathah in Josh 19:43):
(1) A town in the southern part of the hill country of Judah
(Josh 15:57). Tibna proposed by Conder, a ruin 8 miles West
of Bethlehem, seems too far N. (PEF, III, 53, Sh XVII). It
is possible this may be the "Timnah" of Gen 38:12,13,14.
(2) A town on the northern border of Judah (Josh 15:10),
lying between Beth-shemesh and Ekron. It is probably the
same Timnah as Judah visited (Gen 38:12-14), and certainly
the scene of Samson's adventures (Jdg 14:1 f); his "father-
in-law" is called a "Timnite" (Jdg 15:6). At this time the
place is clearly Philistine (Jdg 14:1), though in Josh 19:43
it is reckoned to Dan. Being on the frontier, it probably
changed hands several times. In 2 Ch 28:18 it was captured
from the Philistines by Ahaz, and we learn from Assyrian
evidence (Prison Inscription) that Sennacherib captured a
Tamna after the battle of Alteka before he besieged Ekron
(Schrader, Die Keilinschriften und das Altes Testament,
170). The site is undoubted. It is now a deserted ruin
called Tibneh on the southern slopes of the Wady es Surar
(Valley of Sorek), about 2 miles West of Beth-shemesh. There
is a spring, and there are evident signs of antiquity (PEF,
II, 417, 441, Sh XVI).
(3) There was probably a Timna in Edom (Gen 36:12,22,40; 1
Ch 1:39,51). Eusebius and Jerome (in Onomasticon) recognized
a Thamna in Edom at their time.
(4) The "Thamnatha" of 1 Macc 9:50 (the King James Version)
is probably another Timnah, and identical with the Thamna of
Josephus (BJ, III, iii, 5; IV, viii, 1). This is probably
the Tibneh, 10 miles Northwest of Bethel, an extensive ruin.
E. W. G. Masterman
Timnah in Wikipedia
Biblical Timnah is identified with the modern archeological
site of Tel Batash, in the Sorek Valley of Israel, near
Kibbutz Tal Shahar.
The site was first settled in the Middle Bronze Age by
creating an earthen rampart that enclosed the 10 acre / 40
hectare site. Excavations under the leadership of Amihai Mazar
and George L. Kelm during the 1980s-1990s uncovered twelve
strata of continuous settlement at the site through the
Hellenistic period, with sparse settlement nearby during the
Strategically located in the Sorek Valley that allows access
from the Coastal Plain through the Shephelah and into the
Central Hill Country of Judah, Timnah is mentioned in the
Hebrew Bible in the Genesis story of Tamar. More important,
the site is featured in the Book of Judges (Chapter 14) in the
Samson saga. Samson marries a "girl of the Philistines" from
The site is not to be confused with the copper smelting site
of Timna in the Arabah near the modern Israeli city of Eilat.
Timnah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 28:18
The Philistines also had invaded the cities of the low
country, and of the south of Judah, and had taken Bethshemesh,
and Ajalon, and Gederoth, and Shocho with the villages
thereof, and Timnah with the villages thereof, Gimzo also and
the villages thereof: and they dwelt there.
Timnah Scripture - Genesis 36:40
And these [are] the names of the dukes [that came] of Esau,
according to their families, after their places, by their
names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth,
Timnah Scripture - Joshua 15:10
And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir,
and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which [is]
Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and
passed on to Timnah: