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    Tema in Easton's Bible Dictionary south; desert, one of the sons of Ishmael, and father of a tribe so called (Gen. 25:15; 1 Chr. 1:30; Job 6:19; Isa. 21:14; Jer. 25:23) which settled at a place to which he gave his name, some 250 miles south-east of Edom, on the route between Damascus and Mecca, in the northern part of the Arabian peninsula, toward the Syrian desert; the modern Teyma'.

    Tema in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("desert land".) Ishmael's ninth son (Genesis 25:15). Founder of an Arab tribe in the northern Arabia Deserta, on the border of the Syrian desert (Job 6:19); "the troops of Tema" are the caravans on the direct road anxiously "looking for" the return of their companions gone to look for water; the failure of it in the wady and the disappointment depict Job's disappointment at not finding comfort from his friends whose professions promised so much (Isaiah 21:14; Jeremiah 25:23). Teyma, a small town, preserves the name (Themme in Ptolemy 5:19, section 6); commanded by the castle El Ablak of a Jew Samuel (A.D. 550), attributed by tradition to Solomon, now in ruins; originally meant to protect the caravan route on the N. of Arabia. Compare Genesis 25:15, "sons of Ishmael, by their towns and castles." The Hebrew however for "castles" may mean "hamlets"; see Speaker's Commentary, Numbers 31:10; from tor "a row," namely, of rude dwellings, of stones piled one on another and covered with tent cloths, like the devars in Algeria.

    Tema in Hitchcock's Bible Names admiration; perfection; consummation

    Tema in Naves Topical Bible -1. Son of Ishmael Ge 25:15; 1Ch 1:30 -2. A people of Arabia, probably descendants from Tema, Ishmael's son Job 6:19; Isa 21:14; Jer 25:23

    Tema in Smiths Bible Dictionary (a desert), the ninth son of Ishmael, Ge 25:15; 1Ch 1:30 whence the tribe called after him, mentioned in Job 6:19; Jer 25:23 and also the land occupied by this tribe. Isa 21:13,14 (B.C. after 1850.) The name is identified with Teyma, a small town on the confines of Syria.

    Tema in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE te'-ma (tema', "south country"; Thaiman): The name of a son of Ishmael (Gen 25:15; 1 Ch 1:30), of the tribe descended from him (Jer 25:23), and of the place where they dwelt (Job 6:19; Isa 21:14). This last was a locality in Arabia which probably corresponds to the modern Teima' (or Tayma' (see Doughty, Arabia Deserta, I, 285)), an oasis which lies about 200 miles North of el-Medina, and some 40 miles South of Dumat el-Jandal (Dumah), now known as el-Jauf. It is on the ancient caravan road connecting the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Aqaba; and doubtless the people took a share in the carrying trade (Job 6:19). The wells of the oasis still attract the wanderers from the parched wastes (Isa 21:14). Doughty (loc. cit.) describes the ruins of the old city wall, some 3 miles in circuit. An Aramaic stele recently discovered, belonging to the 6th century BC, shows the influence of Assyrian article The place is mentioned in the cuneiform inscriptions (Schrader, KAT2, 149). W. Ewing

    Tema Scripture - Genesis 25:15 Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah:

    Tema Scripture - Isaiah 21:14 The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled.

    Tema Scripture - Job 6:19 The troops of Tema looked, the companies of Sheba waited for them.