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October 18    Scripture



Bible Names N-Z: So


So in Easton's Bible Dictionary (Nubian, Sabako), an Ethiopian king who brought Egypt under his sway. He was bribed by Hoshea to help him against the Assyrian monarch Shalmaneser (2 Kings 17:4). This was a return to the policy that had been successful in the reign of Jeroboam I.

So in Fausset's Bible Dictionary The Egyptian king to whom Hoshea, Israel's last king, applied in the ninth year of his reign for help, when casting off the obligation to pay tribute to Assyria (2 Kings 17:4). So did not venture to encounter the Assyrian king Shalmaneser, but deserted his protege, as Egyptian kings often did (Isaiah 30:3; Isaiah 36:6). Israel was conquered and Samaria taken. Egyptian monuments illustrate Scripture; precisely in Hoshea's time a change occurs in the Egyptian dynasties. Manetho's 25th or Ethiopian dynasty extended its influence into Lower Egypt in 725 B.C. So or Seveh answers to "Sabacho" of Manetho, and "Shebek I" of the hieroglyphics. A little later So contended with Sargon in southern Israel. A seal of fine clay, impressed from the bezel of a metallic finger ring, an oval two inches long by one wide, bears the image, name, and titles of Sabacho. Some make So the first Sabacho, others Sabacho II. Tirhakah or Tehrak, the third and last of the dynasty, is thought to have put So to death. Sabaku (according to G. Smith's deciphering) married the sister of Tirhakah who helped Hezekiah against Sennacherib; at Sabaku's death Tirhakah succeeded, Sabaku's son being set aside.

So in Hitchcock's Bible Names a measure for grain; vail

So in Naves Topical Bible -King of Egypt 2Ki 17:4

So in Smiths Bible Dictionary "So, king of Egypt," is once mentioned in the Bible -- 2Ki 17:4 So has been identified by different writers with the first and second kings of the Ethiopian twenty-fifth dynasty, called by Manetho, Sabakon (Shebek) and Sebichos (Shebetek).

So in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE so (co', although the Hebrew might be pointed cewe'; Assyrian Sib'u; Septuagint Segor, Soa; Manetho, Seuechos; Latin Sevechus; Herodotus (ii. 137 ff), Sabakon): In all probability the "Sabaeo" of Herodotus, the Shabaka, who founded the Ethiopian dynasty, the XXVth of Egyptian kings. His date is given as 715-707 BC (Flinders Petrie, History of Egypt, III, 281 ff), but we may suppose that before his accession to the throne he was entitled to be designated king, as being actually regent. To this So, Hoshea, king of Israel, made an appeal for assistance to enable him to throw off the yoke of the Assyrian Shalmaneser IV (2 Ki 17:3 ff). But Hoshea's submission to So brought him no advantage, for Shalmaneser came up throughout all the land and laid siege to Samaria. Not long after the fall of Samaria, So ventured upon an eastern campaign, and was defeated by Sargon, the successor of Shalmaneser, in the battle of Raphia in 720 BC.

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