Bible Names N-Z: Shaphan
Shaphan in Easton's Bible Dictionary
a coney, a scribe or secretary of king Josiah (2 Kings 22:3-
He consulted Huldah concerning the newly-discovered
copy of the
law which was delivered to him by Hilkiah the priest
grandson Gedaliah was governor of Judea (25:22).
Shaphan in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("the jerboa'.) 2 Kings 22:3; 2 Kings 22:12; Jeremiah 29:8;
Jeremiah 36:10-12; Jeremiah 39:14; Jeremiah 40:5; Jeremiah
40:9; Jeremiah 40:11; Jeremiah 41:2; Jeremiah 43:6; Ezekiel
8:11. Sent by king Josiah, With the governor of the city and
the recorder, to Hilkiah to take account of the money
collected for repairing the temple. Hilkiah gave the
discovered copy of the law to Shaphan who read it to the king.
Josiah then sent Shaphan, etc., to Huldah the prophetess to
inquire of the Lord His will. Shaphan must have been then an
old man, for his son Ahikam was then a man of influence at
court. Ahikam was Jeremiah's friend; hence Gemariah gives the
prophet and Earuch a friendly warning to hide, and intercedes
that Jehoiakim should not burn the roll (Jeremiah 36:12;
Jeremiah 36:19; Jeremiah 36:25).
Shaphan in Naves Topical Bible
-1. A scribe of King Josiah
2Ki 22:3-14; 2Ch 34:8-20
Father of Gemariah
-2. The father of Ahikam and the grandfather of Gedaliah
2Ki 22:12; 25:22; 2Ch 34:20; Jer 26:24; 39:14;
-3. Father of Elasah
-4. Father of Jaazaniah
Shaphan in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(coney), the scribe or secretary of King Josiah. 2Ki
22:3,14; 2Ch 34:8,20 (B.C. 628.) He appears on an equality
with the governor of the city and the royal recorder. 2Ki
22:4; 2Ch 34:9
Shaphan in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
sha'-fan (shaphan, "rockbadger," English Versions of the
Bible "coney"; Saphphan): An old totem clan name (so W.R.
Smith; compare, however, the article TOTEMISM; Gray, Gray,
Studies in Hebrew Proper Names, 103 ff, and Jacob's Studies
in Biblical Archaeology, 84 ff).
(1) Son of Azaliah and scribe of King Josiah. He received
from Hilkiah the Book of the Law which had been found in the
Temple (2 Ki 22:3 ff; 2 Ch 34:8-28). It was from Shaphan's
lips that Josiah heard the Law read. Shaphan was also one of
those sent by the king to the prophetess Huldah (2 Ki 22; 2
Ch 34). He was undoubtedly one of the staunchest supporters
of Josiah in his work of reform. He was the father of Ahikam
(2 Ki 22:12; 2 Ch 34:20; Jer 26:24), who befriended and
protected the prophet Jeremiah. Another son, Elasah, was one
of the two men entrusted by Jeremiah with his letter to the
captives in Babylon (Jer 29:3). A third son, Gemariah,
vainly tried to prevent King Jehoiakim from burning "the
roll" (Jer 36:10,11,12,25). The Micaiah of Jer 36:11,12, and
Gedaliah, the governor of Judea after the captivity of 586
BC, were his grandsons (Jer 39:14).
(2) Perhaps the father of Jaazaniah, one of the 70 men whom
Ezekiel saw, in his vision of the Temple, sacrificing to
idols (Ezek 8:11).
Horace J. Wolf
Shaphan in Wikipedia
Shaphan is a scribe mentioned in the Old Testament (II Kings
22:8-10). When the chief Temple priest Hilkiah discovers an
ancient Torah scroll, he gives it to the scribe Shaphan, who
in turn brings in to King Josiah. Josiah reads it aloud to a
crowd in Jerusalem, resulting in a great religious revival.
Many scholars believe this was either a copy of the Book of
Deuteronomy or a text that became a part of Deuteronomy as we
have it; as a result the event is known as the Deuteronomic
According to the Bible, Shaphan had a son named Ahikam....
Shaphan Scripture - 2 Kings 22:9
And Shaphan the scribe came to the king, and brought the king
word again, and said, Thy servants have gathered the money
that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the
hand of them that do the work, that have the oversight of the
house of the LORD.
Shaphan Scripture - Jeremiah 29:3
By the hand of Elasah the son of Shaphan, and Gemariah the son
of Hilkiah, (whom Zedekiah king of Judah sent unto Babylon to
Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon) saying,
Shaphan Scripture - Jeremiah 40:5
Now while he was not yet gone back, [he said], Go back also to
Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, whom the king
of Babylon hath made governor over the cities of Judah, and
dwell with him among the people: or go wheresoever it seemeth
convenient unto thee to go. So the captain of the guard gave
him victuals and a reward, and let him go.
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