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July 20    Scripture



Bible Names N-Z: Shammah


Shammah in Easton's Bible Dictionary desert. (1.) One of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen. 36:13, 17). (2.) One of the sons of Jesse (1 Sam. 16:9). He is also called Shimeah (2 Sam. 13:3) and Shimma (1 Chr. 2:13). (3.) One of David's three mighty men (2 Sam. 23:11, 12). (4.) One of David's mighties (2 Sam. 23:25); called also Shammoth (1 Chr. 11:27) and Shamhuth (27:8).

Shammah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary 1. Genesis 36:13; Genesis 36:17; 1 Chronicles 1:37. 2. Jesse's third son, SHIMEA, SHIMEAH, SHIMMA (1 Samuel 16:9; 1 Samuel 16:13); present at David's anointing and at the battle with Goliath (1 Samuel 17:13). (See SHIMMA.) 3. One of David's three mighties; son of Agee the Hararite. Single handed he withstood the Philistines in a field of lentils ("barley" according to 1 Chronicles 11:13-14; 1 Chronicles 11:27, where also by a copyist's error Shammah is omitted and the deed attributed to Eleazar), when the rest fled before them and Jehovah by him wrought a great victory (2 Samuel 23:11-12). 2 Samuel 23:4. (See SHAMHUTH.) 5. 2 Samuel 23:32-33, instead of "Jonathan Shammah," should read "Jonathan son of Shage," or combining both as Kennicott suggests, "Jonathan son of Shamha" (1 Chronicles 11:34).

Shammah in Hitchcock's Bible Names loss; desolation; astonishment

Shammah in Naves Topical Bible -1. Son of Reuel Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch 1:37 -2. David's brother 1Sa 16:9; 17:13 Called SHIMEAH 2Sa 13:3,32; 21:21 Called SHIMMA 1Ch 2:13 Called SHIMEA 1Ch 20:7 -3. One of David's mighty men, son of Agee 2Sa 23:11,12 -4. One of David's mighty men 2Sa 23:25 Called SHAMMOTH 1Ch 11:27 -5. A Hararite, one of David's mighty men 2Sa 23:33

Shammah in Smiths Bible Dictionary (astonishment). 1. The son of Reuel the son of Esau. Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch 1:37 (B.C. about 1700.) 2. The third son of Jesse, and brother of David. 1Sa 16:9; 17:13 Called also Shimea., Shimeah and Shimma. 3. One of the three greatest of David's mighty men. 2Sa 23:11-17 (B.C. 1061.) 4. The Harodite, one of David's mighties. 2Sa 23:25 He is called "SHAMMOTH the Harorite" in 1Ch 11:27 and "SHAMHUTH the Izrahite" ibid. 1Ch 27:8 5. In the list of David's mighty men in 2Sa 23:32,33 we find "Jonathan, Shammah the Hararite;" while in the corresponding verse of 1Ch 11:34 it is Jonathan.

Shammah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE sham'-a (shammah): (1) The son of Reuel, the son of Esau, a tribal chief of Edom (Gen 36:13,17; 1 Ch 1:37, Some). (2) The third son of Jesse and brother of David. Together with his two other brothers he fought under Saul in the campaign against the Philistines and was with the army in the valley of Elah when David slew Goliath (1 Sam 17:13 ff). One redactor states that he was a witness of the anointing of David by Samuel (1 Sam 16:1-13). He was the father of Jonadab, the friend of Amnon (2 Sam 13:3 ff), and that Jonathan whose victory over a Philistine giant is narrated in 2 Sam 21:20 ff was also his son. His name is rendered as "Shammah" (1 Sam 16:9; 17:13), "Shimeah" (2 Sam 13:3,12), "Shimei" (2 Sam 21:21), and "Shimea" (1 Ch 2:13; 20:7). (3) The son of Agee, a Hararite, one of the "three mighty men" of David (2 Sam 23:11, Septuagint Samaia), who held the field against the Philistines. The parallel passage (1 Ch 11:10 ff) ascribes this deed to Eleazar, the son of Dodo. The succeeding incident (2 Sam 23:13 ff), namely, the famous act of three of David's heroes who risked their lives to bring their leader water from the well of Bethlehem, has frequently been credited to Shammah and two other members of "the three"; but the three warriors are plainly said (2 Sam 23:13) to belong to "the thirty"; 2 Sam 23:33 should read "Jonathan, son of Shammah, the Hararite." Jonathan, one of David's "thirty," was a son of Shammah; the word "son" has been accidentally omitted (Driver, Budde, Kittel, etc.). The parallel passage (1 Ch 11:34) has "son of Shagee," which is probably, a misreading for "son of Agee." Lucian's version, "son of Shammah," is most plausible. "Shimei the son of Ela" (1 Ki 4:18) should also appear in this passage if Lucian's reading of "Ela" for "Agee" (2 Sam 23:11) be correct. (4) A Harodite (2 Sam 23:25,33), i.e. probably a native of `Ain-charod (`Ain Jalud, Jdg 7:1; see HAROD). One of "the thirty" and captain of Solomon's 5th monthly course. In the parallel lists (1 Ch 11:27) he is called "the Harorite" (this last being a scribal error for Harodite) and "Shamhuth the Izrahate" (1 Ch 27:8). Horace J. Wolf

Shammah in Wikipedia In the Bible, Shammah (Hebrew: שַׁמָּה‎) was the son of Agee, a Haratite, and one of King David's three legendary "mighty men". His greatest deed was the defeat of a troop of Philistines. After the Israelites fled from the troop of Philistines, Shammah stood alone and defeated them himself. He is referenced in only a few verses of the second book of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible 23:11-12. There are other people named Shammah in the Bible who are mentioned only in passing. Shammah is best noted as David's Mighty Man who, single handedly, defeated an entire army of 300-800 men over a lentil patch. Jehovah-Shammah - 'The Lord is Present' is one of the Hebrew names for God.

Shammah Scripture - 1 Samuel 17:13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went [and] followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle [were] Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.

Shammah Scripture - 2 Samuel 23:25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,

Shammah Scripture - Genesis 36:17 And these [are] the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these [are] the dukes [that came] of Reuel in the land of Edom; these [are] the sons of Bashemath Esau's wife.

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