Shammah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
desert. (1.) One of the "dukes" of Edom (Gen. 36:13, 17).
(2.) One of the sons of Jesse (1 Sam. 16:9). He is
Shimeah (2 Sam. 13:3) and Shimma (1 Chr. 2:13).
(3.) One of David's three mighty men (2 Sam. 23:11,
(4.) One of David's mighties (2 Sam. 23:25); called
Shammoth (1 Chr. 11:27) and Shamhuth (27:8).
Shammah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Genesis 36:13; Genesis 36:17; 1 Chronicles 1:37.
2. Jesse's third son, SHIMEA, SHIMEAH, SHIMMA (1
Samuel 16:9; 1 Samuel 16:13); present at David's anointing and
at the battle with Goliath (1 Samuel 17:13). (See SHIMMA.)
3. One of David's three mighties; son of Agee the
Hararite. Single handed he withstood the Philistines in a
field of lentils ("barley" according to 1 Chronicles 11:13-14;
1 Chronicles 11:27, where also by a copyist's error Shammah is
omitted and the deed attributed to Eleazar), when the rest
fled before them and Jehovah by him wrought a great victory (2
Samuel 23:11-12). 2 Samuel 23:4. (See SHAMHUTH.)
5. 2 Samuel 23:32-33, instead of "Jonathan Shammah,"
should read "Jonathan son of Shage," or combining both as
Kennicott suggests, "Jonathan son of Shamha" (1 Chronicles
Shammah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
loss; desolation; astonishment
Shammah in Naves Topical Bible
-1. Son of Reuel
Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch 1:37
-2. David's brother
1Sa 16:9; 17:13
2Sa 13:3,32; 21:21
-3. One of David's mighty men, son of Agee
-4. One of David's mighty men
-5. A Hararite, one of David's mighty men
Shammah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. The son of Reuel the son of Esau. Ge 36:13,17; 1Ch
1:37 (B.C. about 1700.)
2. The third son of Jesse, and brother of David. 1Sa
16:9; 17:13 Called also Shimea., Shimeah and Shimma.
3. One of the three greatest of David's mighty men.
2Sa 23:11-17 (B.C. 1061.)
4. The Harodite, one of David's mighties. 2Sa 23:25 He
is called "SHAMMOTH the Harorite" in
1Ch 11:27 and "SHAMHUTH the Izrahite" ibid.
5. In the list of David's mighty men in 2Sa 23:32,33
we find "Jonathan, Shammah the Hararite;" while in the
corresponding verse of 1Ch 11:34 it is Jonathan.
Shammah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
(1) The son of Reuel, the son of Esau, a tribal chief of
Edom (Gen 36:13,17; 1 Ch 1:37, Some).
(2) The third son of Jesse and brother of David. Together
with his two other brothers he fought under Saul in the
campaign against the Philistines and was with the army in
the valley of Elah when David slew Goliath (1 Sam 17:13 ff).
One redactor states that he was a witness of the anointing
of David by Samuel (1 Sam 16:1-13). He was the father of
Jonadab, the friend of Amnon (2 Sam 13:3 ff), and that
Jonathan whose victory over a Philistine giant is narrated
in 2 Sam 21:20 ff was also his son. His name is rendered as
"Shammah" (1 Sam 16:9; 17:13), "Shimeah" (2 Sam 13:3,12),
"Shimei" (2 Sam 21:21), and "Shimea" (1 Ch 2:13; 20:7).
(3) The son of Agee, a Hararite, one of the "three mighty
men" of David (2 Sam 23:11, Septuagint Samaia), who held the
field against the Philistines. The parallel passage (1 Ch
11:10 ff) ascribes this deed to Eleazar, the son of Dodo.
The succeeding incident (2 Sam 23:13 ff), namely, the famous
act of three of David's heroes who risked their lives to
bring their leader water from the well of Bethlehem, has
frequently been credited to Shammah and two other members of
"the three"; but the three warriors are plainly said (2 Sam
23:13) to belong to "the thirty"; 2 Sam 23:33 should read
"Jonathan, son of Shammah, the Hararite." Jonathan, one of
David's "thirty," was a son of Shammah; the word "son" has
been accidentally omitted (Driver, Budde, Kittel, etc.). The
parallel passage (1 Ch 11:34) has "son of Shagee," which is
probably, a misreading for "son of Agee." Lucian's version,
"son of Shammah," is most plausible. "Shimei the son of Ela"
(1 Ki 4:18) should also appear in this passage if Lucian's
reading of "Ela" for "Agee" (2 Sam 23:11) be correct.
(4) A Harodite (2 Sam 23:25,33), i.e. probably a native of
`Ain-charod (`Ain Jalud, Jdg 7:1; see HAROD). One of "the
thirty" and captain of Solomon's 5th monthly course. In the
parallel lists (1 Ch 11:27) he is called "the Harorite"
(this last being a scribal error for Harodite) and "Shamhuth
the Izrahate" (1 Ch 27:8).
Horace J. Wolf
Shammah in Wikipedia
In the Bible, Shammah (Hebrew: שַׁמָּה) was the son of Agee, a
Haratite, and one of King David's three legendary "mighty
His greatest deed was the defeat of a troop of Philistines.
After the Israelites fled from the troop of Philistines,
Shammah stood alone and defeated them himself.
He is referenced in only a few verses of the second book of
Samuel in the Hebrew Bible 23:11-12.
There are other people named Shammah in the Bible who are
mentioned only in passing.
Shammah is best noted as David's Mighty Man who, single
handedly, defeated an entire army of 300-800 men over a lentil
Jehovah-Shammah - 'The Lord is Present' is one of the Hebrew
names for God.
Shammah Scripture - 1 Samuel 17:13
And the three eldest sons of Jesse went [and] followed Saul to
the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the
battle [were] Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab,
and the third Shammah.
Shammah Scripture - 2 Samuel 23:25
Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,
Shammah Scripture - Genesis 36:17
And these [are] the sons of Reuel Esau's son; duke Nahath,
duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these [are] the dukes
[that came] of Reuel in the land of Edom; these [are] the sons
of Bashemath Esau's wife.