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    Shamgar in Easton's Bible Dictionary The Philistines from the maritime plain had made incursions into the Hebrew upland for the purposes of plunder, when one of this name, the son of Anath, otherwise unknown, headed a rising for the purpose of freeing the land from this oppression. He repelled the invasion, slaying 600 men with an "ox goad" (q.v.). The goad was a formidable sharpointed instrument, sometimes ten feet long. He was probably contemporary for a time with Deborah and Barak (Judg. 3:31; 5:6).

    Shamgar in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Son of Anath, judge of Israel after Ehud, and immediately before Barak (Judges 5:6; Judges 5:8; Judges 3:31). Probably a Naphtalite, as Beth Anath was of Naphtali. This tribe took a foremost part in the war with Jabin (Judges 4:6; Judges 4:10; Judges 5:18). The tributary Canaanites (Judges 1:33) combined with the Philistines against Israel, rendering the highways unsafe and forcing Israelite travelers into byways to escape notice. The villages were forsaken, and as in later times the oppressors disarmed Israel of all swords and spears (Judges 4:3; 1 Samuel 13:19; 1 Samuel 13:22). With an ox goad, his only weapon (compare Judges 15:15-16, an undesigned coincidence marking genuineness; 1 Samuel 17:47; 1 Samuel 17:50; spiritually 2 Corinthians 10:4; 1 Corinthians 1:27) he slew 600 Philistines, thereby giving Israel deliverance from oppressors for a time. So he prepared the way for Deborah and Barak's more decisive blow. The inadequacy of the instrument renders Jehovah's might the more evident.

    Shamgar in Hitchcock's Bible Names named a stranger; he is here a stranger

    Shamgar in Naves Topical Bible -A deliverer (judge, hero) of Israel Jud 3:31; 5:6

    Shamgar in Smiths Bible Dictionary (sword), son of Anath, judge of Israel. When Israel was in a most depressed condition, Shamgar was raised up to be a deliverer. With no arms in his hand but an ox-goad, Jud 3:31 comp. 1Sam 13:21 he made a desperate assault upon the Philistines, and slew 600 of them. (B.C. about 1290.)

    Shamgar in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE sham'-gar (shamgar): 1. Biblical Account: One of the judges, son of Anath (`anath), in whose days, which preceded the time of Deborah (Jdg 5:6,7) and followed those of Ehud, Israel's subjugation was so complete that "the highways were unoccupied, and the travelers walked through byways." The government had become thoroughly disorganized, and apparently, as in the days of Deborah, the people were entirely unprepared for war. Shamgar's improvised weapon with which he helped to "save Israel" is spoken of as an oxgoad. With this he smote of the Philistines 600 men. This is the first mention of the Philistines as troublesome neighbors of the Israelites (Jdg 3:31). According to a tradition represented in Josephus (Ant., V, iv, 3), Shamgar died in the year he became judge. 2. Critical Hypotheses: Several writers have challenged the Biblical account on the following grounds: that in Jdg 5 no mention is made of any deliverance; that the name "Shamgar" resembles the name of a Hittite king and the name "Anath" that of a Syrian goddess; that the deed recorded in Jdg 3:31 is analogous to that of Samson (Jdg 15:15), and that of Shammah, son of Agee (2 Sam 23:11 f); and lastly, that in a group of Greek manuscripts and other versions this verse is inserted after the account of Samson's exploits. None of these is necessarily inconsistent with the traditional account. Neverthelesss, they have been used as a basis not only for overthrowing the tradition, but also for constructive theories such as that which makes Shamgar a foreign oppressor and not a judge, and even the father of Sisera. There is, of course, no limit to which this kind of interesting speculation cannot lead. (For a complete account of these views see Moore, "Judges," in ICC, 1895, 104 f, and same author in Journal of the American Oriental Society, XIX, 2, 159-60.) Ella Davis Isaacs

    Shamgar in Wikipedia Shamgar, son of Anath (Hebrew שמגר בן־ענת) is the name of one or possibly two individuals named in the Book of Judges. The name occurs twice; at the first mention[1] Shamgar is identified as a Biblical Judge, who repelled Philistine incursions into Israelite regions, and slaughtered 600 of the invaders with an ox goad (a formidable weapon sometimes ten feet long); the other mention[2] is within the Song of Deborah, where Shamgar is described as having been one of the prior rulers, in whose days roads were abandoned, with travelers taking winding paths, and village life collapsing...

    Shamgar Scripture - Judges 3:31 And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel.

    Shamgar Scripture - Judges 5:6 In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were unoccupied, and the travellers walked through byways.