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    August 9    Scripture

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    Samuel in Easton's Bible Dictionary heard of God. The peculiar circumstances connected with his birth are recorded in 1 Sam. 1:20. Hannah, one of the two wives of Elkanah, who came up to Shiloh to worship before the Lord, earnestly prayed to God that she might become the mother of a son. Her prayer was graciously granted; and after the child was weaned she brought him to Shiloh nd consecrated him to the Lord as a perpetual Nazarite (1:23-2:11). Here his bodily wants and training were attended to by the women who served in the tabernacle, while Eli cared for his religious culture. Thus, probably, twelve years of his life passed away. "The child Samuel grew on, and was in favour both with the Lord, and also with men" (2:26; comp. Luke 2:52). It was a time of great and growing degeneracy in Israel (Judg. 21:19-21; 1 Sam. 2:12-17, 22). The Philistines, who of late had greatly increased in number and in power, were practically masters of the country, and kept the people in subjection (1 Sam. 10:5; 13:3). At this time new communications from God began to be made to the pious child. A mysterious voice came to him in the night season, calling him by name, and, instructed by Eli, he answered, "Speak, Lord; for thy servant heareth." The message that came from the Lord was one of woe and ruin to Eli and his profligate sons. Samuel told it all to Eli, whose only answer to the terrible denunciations (1 Sam. 3:11-18) was, "It is the Lord; let him do what seemeth him good", the passive submission of a weak character, not, in his case, the expression of the highest trust and faith. The Lord revealed himself now in divers manners to Samuel, and his fame and his influence increased throughout the land as of one divinely called to the prophetical office. A new period in the history of the kingdom of God now commenced...

    Samuel in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("asked of God".) Greek Theaitetus; or probably "heard of God". Last of the judges, first of the successional prophets (Moses was a prophet, Deuteronomy 18:15, but more a lawgiver; Acts 3:24, "all the prophets from Samuel and those that follow after," Acts 13:20, shows Samuel was first of the succession); founder of the monarchy. He gives name to the two books commemorating the first foundation of the kingdom under Saul, and its firm establishment in David's person and line. Son of Elkanah of Ramathaim Zophim in Mount Ephraim, and Hannah. (See RAMATHAIM ZOPHIM; HANNAH.) The father, though sprung from Korah the Levite, lived in Mount Ephraim, and became incorporated with Ephraim. So the Levite in Judges 17:7 was "of the family of Judah" by incorporation. On the brow of the double summit of Ramathaim Zophim was the city of Samuel's birth and residence in after years, at its foot was a great well (1 Samuel 19:22). While sleeping in the sanctuary Samuel received his first call of God; "he did not yet know Jehovah," i.e. by personal revelation (1 Samuel 3:7, compare 1 Samuel 3:1; Acts 19:2). Only at the third call (compare Job 33:14), and by Eli's instruction, Samuel replied, "speak, Lord, for Thy servant heareth." With delicate consideration for Eli's feelings Samuel lay until morning shrinking from telling him Jehovah's revelation, and only at his solicitation told all...

    Samuel in Hitchcock's Bible Names heard of God; asked of God

    Samuel in Naves Topical Bible -Miraculous birth of 1Sa 1:7-20 -Consecrated to God before his birth 1Sa 1:11,22,24-28 -His mother's song of thanksgiving 1Sa 2:1-10 -Ministered in the house of God 1Sa 2:11,18,19 -Blessed of God 1Sa 2:21; 3:19 -His vision concerning the house of Eli 1Sa 3:1-18 -A prophet of the Israelites 1Sa 3:20,21; 4:1 -A judge (leader) of Israel, his judgment seat at Beth-el, Gilgal, Mizpeh, and Ramah 1Sa 7:15-17 -Organizes the tabernacle service 1Ch 9:22; 26:28; 2Ch 35:18 -Israelites repent because of his reproofs and warnings 1Sa 7:4-6 -The Philistines defeated through his intercession and sacrifices 1Sa 7:7-14 -Makes his corrupt sons judges in Israel 1Sa 8:1-3 -People desire a king; he protests 1Sa 8:4-22 -Anoints Saul to be king of Israel 1Sa 9:10 -Renews the kingdom of Saul 1Sa 11:12-15 -Reproves Saul; foretells that his kingdom will be established 1Sa 13:11-15; 15 -Anoints David to be king 1Sa 16 -Shelters David while escaping from Saul 1Sa 19:18 -Death of; the lament for him 1Sa 25:1 -Called up by the witch of Endor 1Sa 28:3-20 -His integrity as a judge and ruler 1Sa 12:1-5; Ps 99:6; Jer 15:1; Heb 11:32 -Chronicles of 1Ch 29:29 -Sons of 1Ch 6:28,33 -Called SHEMUEL 1Ch 6:33

    Samuel in Smiths Bible Dictionary was the son of Elkanah and Hannah, and was born at Ramathaim-zophim, among the hills of Ephraim. [RAMAH No. 2] (B.C. 1171.) Before his birth he was dedicated by his mother to the office of a Nazarite and when a young child, 12 years old according to Josephus he was placed in the temple, and ministered unto the Lord before Eli." It was while here that he received his first prophetic call. 1Sa 3:1-18 He next appears, probably twenty years afterward, suddenly among the people, warning them against their idolatrous practices. 1Sa 7:3,4 Then followed Samuel's first and, as far as we know, only military achievement, ch. 1Sa 7:5-12 but it was apparently this which raised him to the office of "judge." He visited, in the discharge of his duties as ruler, the three chief sanctuaries on the west of Jordan --Bethel, Gilgal and Mizpeh. ch. 1Sa 7:16 His own residence was still native city, Ramah, where he married, and two sons grew up to repeat under his eyes the same perversion of high office that he had himself witnessed in his childhood in the case of the two sons of Eli. In his old age he shared his power with them, 1Sa 8:1-4 but the people dissatisfied, demanded a king, and finally anointed under God's direction, and Samuel surrendered to him his authority, 1Sa 12:1 ... though still remaining judge. ch. 1Sa 7:15 He was consulted far and near on the small affairs of life. 1Sa 9:7,8 From this fact, combined with his office of ruler, an awful reverence grew up around him. No sacrificial feast was thought complete without his blessing. Ibid. 1Sa 9:13 A peculiar virtue was believed to reside in his intercession. After Saul was rejected by God, Samuel anointed David in his place and Samuel became the spiritual father of the psalmist-king. The death of Samuel is described as taking place in the year of the close of David's wanderings. It is said with peculiar emphasis, as if to mark the loss, that "all the Israelites were gathered together" from all parts of this hitherto-divided country, and "lamented him," and "buried him" within his own house, thus in a manner consecrated by being turned into his tomb. 1Sa 25:1 Samuel represents the independence of the moral law, of the divine will, as distinct from legal or sacerdotal enactments, which is so remarkable a characteristic of all the later prophets. He is also the founder of the first regular institutions of religious instructions and communities for the purposes of education.

    Samuel in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE sam'-u-el (shemu'el; Samouel): The word "Samuel" signifies "name of God," or "his name is El" (God). Other interpretations of the name that have been offered are almost certainly mistaken. The play upon the name in 1 Sam 1:20 is not intended of course to be an explanation of its meaning, but is similar to the play upon the name Moses in Ex 2:10 and frequently elsewhere in similar instances. Thus, by the addition of a few letters shemu'el becomes sha'ul me'el, "asked of God," and recalls to the mother of Samuel the circumstances of the divine gift to her of a son. Outside of 1st Samuel the name of the great judge and prophet is found in Jer 15:1; Ps 99:6 and in 1 and 2 Chronicles. The reference in Jeremiah seems intended to convey the same impression that is given by the narrative of 1 Samuel, that in some sense Samuel had come to be regarded as a second Moses, upon whom the mantle of the latter had fallen, and who had been once again the deliverer and guide of the people at a great national crisis. 1. Sources and Character of the History: The narrative of the events of the life of Samuel appears to be derived from more than one source (see SAMUEL, BOOKS OF). The narrator had before him and made use of biographies and traditions, which he combined into a single consecutive history. The completed picture of the prophet's position and character which is thus presented is on the whole harmonious and consistent, and gives a very high impression of his piety and loyalty to Yahweh, and of the wide influence for good which he exerted. There are divergences apparent in detail and standpoint between the sources or traditions, some of which may probably be due merely to misunderstanding of the true nature of the events recorded, or to the failure of the modern reader rightly to appreciate the exact circumstances and time. The greater part of the narrative of the life of Samuel, however, appears to have a single origin....

    Samuel in Wikipedia Samuel (Hebrew: שְׁמוּאֵל, Modern Shmu'el Tiberian əmʼēl; Greek: Σαμουηλ Samouēl; Latin: Samuel; Arabic: شموئيل omoʼel) is a leader of ancient Israel in the Book(s) of Samuel in the Hebrew Bible. His status, as viewed by rabbinical literature, is that he was the last of the Hebrew Judges and the first of the major prophets who began to prophesy inside the Land of Israel. He was thus at the cusp between two eras. According to the text of the Book(s) of Samuel, he also anointed the first two kings of the Kingdom of Israel: Saul and David...

    Samuel Scripture - 1 Chronicles 11:3 Therefore came all the elders of Israel to the king to Hebron; and David made a covenant with them in Hebron before the LORD; and they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the LORD by Samuel.

    Samuel Scripture - 1 Samuel 16:7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for [the LORD seeth] not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.

    Samuel Scripture - 1 Samuel 3:21 And the LORD appeared again in Shiloh: for the LORD revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD.