Phares in Easton's Bible Dictionary
PEREZ "breach" because he broke forth from the womb before his
twin brother Zarah who had first put out his hand. Son of
Judah and Tamar his daughter in law (Matthew 1:3; Luke 3:33;
Genesis 38:29). His house retained the primogeniture; it was
famous for being prolific, so as to pass into a proverb (Rth
4:12; Rth 4:18-22). After the deaths of Er and Onan childless,
Pharez took the rank of Judah's son, next after Shelah. His
sons Hezron and Hamul became heads of two new chief houses.
Hezron was forefather of David and Messiah. Caleb's house too
was incorporated into Hezron's.
Under David "the chief of all the captains of the host
for the first month was of the children of Pharez" (1
Chronicles 27:2-3), famed for valor (1 Chronicles 11:11. (See
JASHOBEAM.) 2 Samuel 23:8). Hezron married a second time
Muchir's daughter; so one line of Pharez's descendents
reckoned as sons of Manasseh. Pharez's house was the greatest
of the houses of Judah; 468 valiant men of the children of
Pharez alone of Judah dwelt in Jerusalem (Nehemiah 11:3-6; 1
Chronicles 9:3-6) after the return from Babylon.