Pashur in Easton's Bible Dictionary
release. (1.) The son of Immer (probably the same as
Neh. 10:3; 12:2), the head of one of the priestly
"chief governor [Heb. paqid nagid, meaning "deputy
the temple" (Jer. 20:1, 2). At this time the
"governor," of the temple was Seraiah the high
priest (1 Chr.
6:14), and Pashur was his _paqid_, or "deputy."
Enraged at the
plainness with which Jeremiah uttered his solemn
coming judgements, because of the abounding iniquity
times, Pashur ordered the temple police to seize
him, and after
inflicting on him corporal punishment (forty stripes
Deut. 25:3; comp. 2 Cor. 11:24), to put him in the
stocks in the
high gate of Benjamin, where he remained all night.
On being set
free in the morning, Jeremiah went to Pashur (Jer.
20:3, 5), and
announced to him that God had changed his name to
Magor-missabib, i.e., "terror on every side." The
that fell upon him was probably remorse, when he saw
the ruin he
had brought upon his country by advising a close
Egypt in opposition to the counsels of Jeremiah
(20:4-6). He was
carried captive to Babylon, and died there.
(2.) A priest sent by king Zedekiah to Jeremiah to
the Lord (1 Chr. 24:9; Jer. 21:1; 38:1-6). He
advised that the
prophet should be put to death.
(3.) The father of Gedaliah. He was probably the
same as (1).
Pashur in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("prosperity everywhere") (Gesenius).
1. Jeremiah 20:1-6. A priest, Immer's son, of the
16th order (1 Chronicles 9:12), "chief governor in the house
of the Lord." There were 24 in all: 16 of Eleazar's sons,
eight of Ithamar's, answering (Luke 22:4) to the captains of
the temple (1 Chronicles 24:14). Smote and put in the stocks
Jeremiah for foretelling Jerusalem's desolation. On the
following day Jeremiah, when brought out of the stocks,
foretold that he should be not Pashur but Magor-Missabib, a
terror to himself and his friends; he and all in his house,
and all his friends to whom he had "prophesied lies"
(Jeremiah 5:31; Jeremiah 18:18), should go into captivity
and die in Babylon.
2. Jeremiah 21:1; Jeremiah 21:9; Jeremiah 38:1-2;
Jeremiah 38:6; 1 Chronicles 24:9; 1 Chronicles 24:14;
Nehemiah 11:12. frontMAGOR-MISSABIB.) The house was a chief
one in Nehemiah's time (Nehemiah 7:41; Nehemiah 10:3;
Nehemiah 12:2). He was sent by Zedekiah to consult Jeremiah
on the issue of Nebuchadnezzar's threatened attack, and
received a reply foreboding Judah's overthrow. Subsequently,
after the respite caused by Pharaoh Hophra had ended and the
Chaldees returned to the siege, Pashur was one who besought
the king to kill Jeremiah for weakening the hands of the men
of war by dispiriting prophecies, and who cast the prophet
into the pit of Malchiah.
3. Jeremiah 38:1.
Pashur in Hitchcock's Bible Names
that extends or multiplies the hole; whiteness
Pashur in Naves Topical Bible
-1. A priest, son of Malchiah
An influential man and ancestor of an influential family
Jer 21:1; 38:1; Ezr 2:38; 10:22; Ne 7:41; 10:3; 11:12
-2. Son of Immer and governor of the temple
Beats and imprisons Jeremiah
-3. Father of Gedaliah, who perscuted Jeremiah
Pashur in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. One of the families of priests of the chief house
of Malchijah. 1Ch 9:12; 24:9; Ne 11:12; Jer 21:1; 38:1 In
the time of Nehemiah this family appears to have become a
chief house, and its head the head of a course. Ezr 2:38; Ne
7:41; 10:3 The individual from whom the family was named was
probably Pushur the son of Malchiah, who in the reign of
Zedekiah was one of the chief princes of the court. Jer 38:1
(B.C. 607.) He was sent, with others, by Zedekiah to
Jeremiah at the time when Nebuchudnezzar was preparing his
attack upon Jerusalem. Jer 21:1 ... Again somewhat later
Pashur joined with several other chief men in petitioning
the king that Jeremiah might be put to death as a traitor.
2. Another person of this name, also a priest, and
"chief governor of the house of the Lord," is mentioned in
Jer 20:1 He is described as "the son of Immer." 1Ch 24:14
probably the same as Amariah. Ne 10:3; 12:2 etc. In the
reign of Jehoiakim he showed himself as hostile to Jeremiah
as his namesake the son of Malchiah did afterward, and put
him in the stocks by the gate of Benjamin. For this
indignity to God's prophet Pashur was told by Jeremiah that
his name was changed to Magor-missabib (terror on every
side) and that he and all his house should be carried
captives to Babylon and there die. Jer 20:1-6 (B.C. 589.)
Pashur in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
pash'-hur, pash'-ur (pashchur, "splitter," "cleaver"): The
name of several persons difficult to individuate:
(1) A priest, son of Immer, and "chief governor in the house
of the Lord" (Jer 20:1), who persecuted Jeremiah, putting
him in "the stocks" hard by the "house of Yahweh" in the
"gate of Benjamin" (Jer 20:2). When released, Jeremiah
pronounced Divine judgment on him and the people. Future
captivity and an exile's death are promised to Pashur whose
name he changed from its masterful significance to a
cowering one. "Terror on every side" (maghor miccabhibh) is
to take the place of "stable strength" (Jer 20:3 ff).
(2) Son of Melchiah, a prince of Judah, and one of the
delegation sent by Zedekiah, the king, to consult Jeremiah
(Jer 21:1). It looks like a larger and later deputation,
similarly sent, to which this Pashur belongs, whose record
is given in Jer 38:1-13. Accompanying them was one,
Gedaliah, who was a son of (3).
(3) Another Pashur (Jer 38:1), who may be the person
mentioned in 1 Ch 9:12; Neh 11:12.
(4) A priest, of those who "sealed" Nehemiah's covenant (Neh
10:1,3), who may, however, be the same as (5).
(5) The chief of a priestly family called "sons of Pashur"
(Ezr 2:38; 10:22; Neh 7:41; 1 Esdras 5:25 ("Phassurus,"
margin "Pashhur"); 1 Esdras 9:22 ("Phaisur," margin
"Pashhur")). Doubtless it is this Pashur, some of whose sons
had "strange wives" (Ezr 10:22).
Pashur in Wikipedia
Pashur or Pashhur was the name of at least two priests
contemporary with the prophet Jeremiah and who are mentioned
in the Book of Jeremiah.
(1). Pashur the son of Immer (possibly the same as Amariah,
Nehemiah 10:3; 12:2), was deputy chief priest [Heb. paqid
nagid] of the temple (Jer. 20:1, 2). (At this time, the
nagid, or "governor", of the temple would have been Seraiah
- 1 Chronicles 6:14.) Apparently enraged at the plainness
with which Jeremiah uttered his solemn warnings of coming
judgements because of the abounding iniquity of the times,
Pashur "smote Jeremiah the prophet" (this could mean that he
ordered the temple police to seize him and inflict the
corporal punishment of up to forty stripes found in
Deuteronomy 25:3); then he placed him in the stocks in the
high gate of Benjamin, where he remained all night.
Upon being set free in the morning, Jeremiah went to Pashur
(Jer. 20:3, 5) and announced to him that God had changed his
name to Magor-missabib, i.e., "terror on every side" and
that he would be later carried captive to Babylon and die
(2). Pashur, the son of Malchiah, was another priest, who
was sent by king Zedekiah to Jeremiah to inquire of the Lord
regarding the impending attack of King Nebuchadnezzar II of
Babylon (Jer. 21:1). In Jer. 38:1-6, this Pashur was also
one of four men who advised Zedekiah to put Jeremiah to
death for his prophecies of doom but who ended up throwing
him into a cistern.
(3). Pashur the father of Gedaliah (Jer. 38:1), possibly the
same Pashur as (1) above. Gedaliah was another of the four
men who threw Jeremiah into the cistern.
Pashur Scripture - Jeremiah 20:1
Now Pashur the son of Immer the priest, who [was] also chief
governor in the house of the LORD, heard that Jeremiah
prophesied these things.
Pashur Scripture - Jeremiah 20:6
And thou, Pashur, and all that dwell in thine house shall go
into captivity: and thou shalt come to Babylon, and there thou
shalt die, and shalt be buried there, thou, and all thy
friends, to whom thou hast prophesied lies.
Pashur Scripture - Nehemiah 11:12
And their brethren that did the work of the house [were]
eight hundred twenty and two: and Adaiah the son of Jeroham,
the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah,
the son of Pashur, the son of Malchiah,