Bible Names N-Z: Oreb
Oreb in Easton's Bible Dictionary
raven, a prince of Midian, who, being defeated by Gideon and
to straits, was slain along with Zeeb (Judg. 7:20-25).
the Midianites perished along with him (Ps. 83:9; Isa.
Oreb in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("raven".) Prince of Midian defeated by Gideon (Judges 7:25;
Judges 8:3). His name, as Zeeb ("wolf"), indicates a fierce
and ravenous warrior. Slain upon the rock Oreb in the pursuit
after the battle, by the men of Ephraim, who intercepted and
slew with great slaughter the Midianites after the Jordan
fords. This second part of the victory is celebrated Psalm
83:11-14; Isaiah 10:26, "according to the slaughter of Midian
at the rock of Oreb." Oreb and Zeeb were the prince generals
of Midian. Zebah and Zalmunna were their kings (Judges 8:5;
Judges 8:10; Judges 8:12; Judges 8:18; Judges 8:21). "Make
them like a wheel, as the stubble before the wind, as the fire
burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountain on
fire." The Arabic imprecation illustrates this, "may you be
whirled as the 'akkub before the wind, until you are caught in
the thorns or plunged in the sea!" Thomson describes the wild
artichoke when dry thus swept before the wind. The chaff from
the exposed threshing floor, and the rapidly sweeping flame on
a wooded hill in hot countries, are equally expressive images.
Oreb in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Oreb in Naves Topical Bible
-1. A prince of Midian, overcome by Gideon and killed by the
Jud 7:25; 8:3; Ps 83:11
-2. A rock east of the Jordan River, where Oreb was killed
Jud 7:25; Isa 10:26
Oreb in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(raven), one of the chieftains of the Midianite host which
invaded Israel, and was defeated and driven back by Gideon.
Jud 7:25 (B.C. 1362.) Isaiah, Isa 10:26 refers to the
magnitude of this disaster. Comp. Ps 83:1 ...
Oreb in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
o'-reb, ze'-eb, zeb (`orebh, "raven," especially "crow"),
and (ze'ebh, "wolf") (Jdg 7:25; 8:3; Ps 83:11, and Isa 10:26
(Oreb only)): Two Midianite chieftains captured and beheaded
by the Ephraimites, who brought their heads to Gideon.
1. Meaning of Names:
As to the meaning of the two names, both words are found in
Arabic. Robertson Smith, Kinship, etc. (190 ff, 218 ff),
says that the use of the names of animals as names of
persons is a relic of totemism. But Noldeke (ZDMG, XL, 160
ff) and others hold that such a use shows a desire that
those so named should be as disagreeable to their enemies as
the plant or animal which the name denoted. Some again (e.g.
Stade, Geschichte, 189 ff) maintain that the two names here
are borrowed from localities and not vice versa, as Jdg 7:25
implies. If so, we must take the names to be originally two
places, apparently in Ephraim, for the words "beyond Jordan"
in 7:25 contradict 8:4, where it is said that Gideon came to
the Jordan and passed over. Moore (Jgs, 214) suggests that
the two localities were near the junction with the Jordan of
the stream that comes from Wady Far`ah. The construction of
the Hebrew allows of a translation "the rock (called) Oreb,"
and "the winepress (called) Zeeb."
2. The Battle of Oreb:
The account of a battle here is corroborated by Isa 10:26, a
verse which mentions the "rock of Oreb," and suggests that
the great defeat of the Midianites took place there (compare
Isa 9:4). The passage in Isa 10:24-26 is prose, however, and
is said to be late editing (see G.H. Box, Isa, 65). In Ps
83:11 (Hebrew 12) there is a prayer that God would make the
"nobles" among the Psalmist's enemies as Oreb and Zeeb.
David Francis Roberts
Oreb in Wikipedia
Oreb, a Hebrew Old Testament name meaning raven.
By the time of the Judges, the Midianites, led by two princes
Oreb (Hebrew: עֹרֵב, Orev) and Zeeb (Hebrew: זְאֵב, Z'ev) were
raiding Israel with the use of swift camels, until they were
decisively defeated by Gideon. Oreb was slain along with Zeeb
(Judges 7:20-25 ). Many of the Midianites perished along with
him (Psalm 83:12 ; Isaiah 10:26 ).
The place where Gideon slew Oreb after the defeat of the
Midianites was called the Rock of Oreb. It was probably the
place now called Orbo, on the east of Jordan, near Bethshean.
Oreb Scripture - Isaiah 10:26
And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him
according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and
[as] his rod [was] upon the sea, so shall he lift it up after
the manner of Egypt.
Oreb Scripture - Judges 8:3
God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb
and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then
their anger was abated toward him, when he had said that.
Oreb Scripture - Psalms 83:11
Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their
princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:
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