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July 17    Scripture



Bible Names N-Z: Og


Og in Easton's Bible Dictionary gigantic, the king of Bashan, who was defeated by Moses in a pitched battle at Edrei, and was slain along with his sons (Deut. 1:4), and whose kingdom was given to the tribes of Reuben and Gad and half the tribe of Manasseh (Num. 21:32-35; Deut. 3:1-13). His bedstead (or rather sarcophagus) was of iron (or ironstone), 9 cubits in length and 4 cubits in breadth. His overthrow was afterwards celebrated in song (Ps. 135:11; 136:20). (See SIHON T0003427.)

Og in Fausset's Bible Dictionary An Amorite king of Bashan, ruling 60 cities, including Ashteroth Karnaim and Edrei (Joshua 13:12; Joshua 12:4; Genesis 14:5). After conquering Sihon's land from the Arnon to the Jabbok, Israel marched by way of Bashan which is N. of the Jabbok. (See BASHAN; ARGOB.) Og met them and perished with all his people at Edrei, and Israel took his land (Numbers 21:33-35). Og was of a different race, namely, "of the remnant of the giants," the Rephaim before the Amorites came (Deuteronomy 3:13). The Amorites by intermarriage with the Rephaim were in "height like that of the cedars and strong as the oaks" (Amos 2:9). Og's bedstead was in Rabbath of Ammon when Moses wrote Deuteronomy 3:1-11. Either the Ammonites, like the Bedouin, followed in the wake of Israel's armies as pillagers, and so got possession of it; or Israel sent it to Ammon as a pledge of their having no hostile intentions, the Lord having forbidden them to disturb Ammon, and as a visible token of Israel's power in having overcome such mighty kings as Sihon and Og. It was nine cubits long and four broad. "Of iron," perhaps the black basalt of the country, which is called by the Arabs "iron," having 20 percent of that metal. His body was of course shorter. Knobel thinks Og's "bier" is meant, a sarcophagus of black basalt. His corpse may have been carried, in this view, to the territory of the friendly Ammonites. So Dr. Geddes conjectures Og, after his defeat, fled to Rabbath where he died and was buried in this coffin. After traversing the smooth pasture land, Israel suddenly came on the marvelous rock barrier of Argob, an oval basalt island, 60 miles by 20 miles, "all the girdle (Hebrew) of Argob" ("the stony country"), rising abruptly 30 ft. from the surrounding Bashan plains. The rocky fastnesses, on which Og's 60 cities were, almost impregnable, compensated by security for their inconveniences. Had Og remained in them, Israel could not have dislodged him. God therefore saw it needful to encourage Israel in facing such a foe, "fear him not"; and God sent hornets which, as well as infatuation, drove Og into the open field where he was overthrown (Joshua 24:12). God's special interposition for Israel against Og is the theme of praise (Psalm 135:11; Psalm 136:20).

Og in Hitchcock's Bible Names a cake; bread baked in ashes

Og in Naves Topical Bible -(King of Bashan) -A man of gigantic stature Nu 21:33; De 3:11; Jos 12:4; 13:12 -Defeated and killed by Moses Nu 21:33-35; De 1:4; 3:1-7; 29:7; 31:4; Jos 2:10; 9:10; Ps 135:10,11; 136:18-20 -Land of, given to the tribes of Gad, Reuben, and Manasseh Nu 32:33; De 3:8-17; 4:47-49; 29:7,8; Jos 12:4-6; 13:12,30,31; 1Ki 4:19; Ne 9:22; Ps 136:20,21

Og in Smiths Bible Dictionary (giant, literally long-necked), an Amoritish king of Bashan, whose rule extended over sixty cities. Jos 13:12 He was one of the last representatives of the giant race of Rephaim, and was, with his children and his people, defeated and exterminated by the Israelites at Edrei immediately after the conquest of Sihon. Nu 32:33; De 3:1-13 Also De 1:4; 4:47; 31:4; Jos 2:10; 9:10; 13:12,30 The belief in Og's enormous stature is corroborated by an allusion to his iron bedstead preserved in "Rabbath of the children of Ammon." De 3:11 (B.C. 1461.)

Og in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE (`ogh; Og): King of Bashan, whose territory, embracing 60 cities, was conquered by Moses and the Israelites immediately after the conquest of Sihon, king of the Amorites (Nu 21:33-35; Dt 3:1-12). The defeat took place at Edrei, one of the chief of these cities (Nu 21:33; Josh 12:4), and Og and his people were "utterly destroyed" (Dt 3:6). Og is described as the last of the REPHAIM (which see), or giant-race of that district, and his giant stature is borne out by what is told in Dt 3:11 of the dimensions of his "bedstead of iron" (`eres barzel), 9 cubits long and 4 broad (13 1/2 ft. by 6 ft.), said to be still preserved at Rabbath of Ammon when the verse describing it was written. It is not, of course, necessary to conclude that Og's own height, though immense, was as great as this. Some, however, prefer to suppose that what is intended is "a sarcophagus of black basalt," which iron-like substance abounds in the Hauran. The conquered territory was subsequently bestowed on the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh (Nu 32:33; Dt 3:12,13). Other references to Og are Dt 1:4; 4:47; 31:4; Josh 2:10; 9:10; 13:12,30). The memory of this great conquest lingered all through the national history (Ps 135:11; 136:20). On the conquest, compare Stanley, Lectures on the History of the Jewish Church, I, 185-87. See ARGOB; BASHAN. James Orr

Og in Wikipedia According to several books of the Old Testament, Og (pronounced /ˈɒɡ/, meaning "gigantic"; Hebrew: עוג‎ Arabic: عوج‎ [ʕoːɣ]) was an ancient Amorite king of Jerusalem who, along with an army, was slain by Joshua and his men at the battle of Edrei (probably modern day Daraa, Syria). The internal chronology of the Deuteronomistic History and the Torah would suggest Og's overthrow and the conquest of Canaan by Israel around c. 1500 or 1200 BC, although Bible critics attest that these books may have been written no earlier than the 7th-6th centuries BC, and are considered by some Bible critics to be of uncertain historical accuracy[original research?] . Og, the giant of the Amorites, is equally considered a folk legend, around whom gathered many Jewish legends: according to some traditions he lived to be 3,000 years old and clung to Noah's ark during the Deluge.[1] In Islamic lore he is referred to as Uj ibn Anaq (j ibn Anq عوج بن عنق), evidently one of the giants mentioned in the Qur'an (jababirat or jabbirun). Og is mentioned in Jewish folklore as being alive from the time of Noah up until the time of his death in battle with the Jews. It is also written in the Midrash[2] that he had a special compartment in Noah's Ark just for him. Aggadah suggests an alternative to this; that he sat upon the top of the ark, riding out the flood for the duration of the storm from this location...

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