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October 23    Scripture



Bible Names N-Z: Nathan


Nathan (prophet) in Wikipedia Nathan the Prophet (fl. c. 1000 BC) was a court prophet who lived in the time of King David and Queen Bathsheba. He came to David to reprimand him over his committing adultery with Bathsheba while she was the wife of Uriah the Hittite whose death the King had also arranged to hide his previous transgression. His actions are described in the Books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles (see especially, 2 Samuel 7:2-17 , 12:1-25 .) Nathan wrote histories of the reigns of both David and of Solomon (see 1 Chronicles 29:29 and 2 Chronicles 9:29 ), and was involved in the music of the temple (see 2 Chronicles 29:25). In 1 Kings 1:8-45 it is Nathan who tells the dying David of the plot of Adonijah to become king, resulting in Solomon being proclaimed king instead. The feast day of Nathan the Prophet is on 24 October. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite, he is commemorated as a saint on the Sunday of the Holy Fathers (i.e., the Sunday before the Great Feast of the Nativity of the Lord).

Nathan (son of David) in Wikipedia Nathan (Hebrew: נתן, Modern Natan Tiberian Nāṯān) was the third of four sons born to King David and Bathsheba in Jerusalem.[1] He was an older brother of Solomon. In the New Testament, the genealogy of Jesus according to the Gospel of Luke traces Jesus' lineage back to King David through the line of Nathan,[2] although the Gospel of Matthew traces it through Solomon.[3] Nathan is also mentioned to be the son of David in 2 Samuel 5:14, & 1 Chronicles 3:5 & 14:4.

Nathan in Easton's Bible Dictionary given. (1.) A prophet in the reigns of David and Solomon (2 Chr. 9:29). He is first spoken of in connection with the arrangements David made for the building of the temple (2 Sam. 7:2, 3, 17), and next appears as the reprover of David on account of his sin with Bathsheba (12:1-14). He was charged with the education of Solomon (12:25), at whose inauguration to the throne he took a prominent part (1 Kings 1:8, 10, 11, 22-45). His two sons, Zabad (1 Chr. 2:36) and Azariah (1 Kings 4:5) occupied places of honour at the king's court. He last appears in assisting David in reorganizing the public worship (2 Chr. 29:25). He seems to have written a life of David, and also a life of Solomon (1 Chr. 29:29; 2 Chr. 9:29). (2.) A son of David, by Bathsheba (2 Sam. 5:14), whose name appears in the genealogy of Mary, the mother of our Lord (Luke 3:31). (3.) Ezra 8:16.

Nathan in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("given by God".) 1. The prophet who gave David God's assurance of the perpetuity of his seed and throne (notwithstanding temporary chastening for iniquity). God by Nathan commended David's desire to build the temple, but reserved the accomplishment for his son Solomon, the type of Him who should build the true temple (2 Samuel 7; 1 Chronicles 17). Nathan speaking first of himself had said, "do all that is in thine heart" (compare 1 Kings 8:18). God sometimes grants His children's requests in a form real, but not as they had proposed. His glory proves in the end to be their truest good, though their wishes for the time be crossed. Nathan convicted David of his sin in the case of Uriah by the beautiful parable of the poor man's lamb (2 Samuel 12:1-15; 2 Samuel 12:25; Psalm 51). Nathan conveyed Jehovah's command to David, to name Solomon" Jedidiah," not as a mere appellation, but an assurance that Jehovah loved him. Nathan was younger than David, as he wrote with Ahijah the Shilonite and Iddo the seer" the acts of Solomon first and last" (2 Chronicles 9:29). To Nathan David refers as having forbidden his building the temple on account of his having had "great wars" (2 Chronicles 22:1-10; 2 Chronicles 28:2). Nathan secured the succession of Solomon by advising Bathsheba to remind David of his promise (1 Chronicles 22:9, etc.), and to inform him of Adonijah's plot, and by himself venturing into the king's presence to follow up Bathsheba's statement. Nathan by David's direction with Zadok the priest brought Solomon to Gihon on the king's own mule, and anointed him king (1 Kings 1:10-38). "Azariah son of Nathan was over the officers, and Zabud son of Nathan was the king's friend" under Solomon (1 Kings 4:5; 1 Chronicles 27:33; 2 Samuel 15:37). A similarity between the apologue style of Solomon in Ecclesiastes 9:14- 16 and Nathan's in 2 Samuel 12:1-4 may be due to Nathan's influence. Nathan along with Gad wrote "the acts of David first and last" (1 Chronicles 29:29). Nathan is designated by the later and higher title "the prophet," but" Gad and Samuel the seer" (compare 1 Samuel 9:9). His histories were doubtless among the materials from which the books of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles were compiled. His grave is shown at Halhul near Hebron. 2. Son of David and Bathsheba (1 Chronicles 3:5; 1 Chronicles 14:4; 2 Samuel 5:14). Luke traces Christ's genealogy to David through Nathan (2 Samuel 3:31); as Matthew gives the succession to the throne, so Luke the parentage of Joseph, Jeconiah's line having failed as he died childless. (See GENEALOGY.) "The family of the house of David and the family of the house of Nathan" represent the highest and lowest of the royal order; as "the family of the house of Levi and the family of Shimei" represent the highest and lowest of the priestly order (Zechariah 12:12- 13). 3. Father of Igal, one of David's heroes, of Zobah, 2 Samuel 23:36, but in 1 Chronicles 11:38 "Joel, brother of Nathan" Kennicott prefers "brother." 4. A head man who returned with Ezra on his second expedition, and whom Ezra despatched from his encampment at the river Ahava to the Jews at Casiphia, to get Levites and Nethinim for the temple (Ezra 8:16). Perhaps the same as the son of Bani who gave up his foreign wife (Ezra 10:39). 5. Son of Attai of Judah (1 Chronicles 2:36).

Nathan in Hitchcock's Bible Names given; giving; rewarded

Nathan in Naves Topical Bible -1. Son of David and Bath-sheba 2Sa 5:14; 1Ch 3:5; 14:4 -2. A prophet in the time of David His message to David concerning the building of a temple 2Sa 7:1-17; 1Ch 17:1-15 Reproves David for his adultery with Bath-sheba and his murder of Uriah 2Sa 12:1-15 Gives Solomon the name Jedidiah 2Sa 12:25 Assists Bath-sheba in securing to Solomon, her son, the succession to the throne 1Ki 1:10-14,22-27 Assists in anointing Solomon to be king 1Ki 1:32-45 Kept the chronicles 1Ch 29:29; 2Ch 9:29 Assists David in the organization of the tabernacle 2Ch 29:25

Nathan in Smiths Bible Dictionary (a giver). 1. An eminent Hebrew prophet in the reigns of David and Solomon. (B.C. 1015.) He first appears in the consultation with David about the building of the temple. 2Sa 7:2,3,17 He next comes forward as the reprover of David for the sin with Bathsheba; and his famous apologue on the rich man and the ewe lamb, which is the only direct example of his prophetic power, shows it to have been of a very high order. 2Sa 12:1-12 2. A son of David; one of the four who were borne to him by Bathsheba. 1Ch 3:5 comp, 1Chr 14:4 and 2Sam 5:14 3. Son or brother of one of the members of David's guard. 2Sa 23:36; 1Ch 11:38 4. One of the head men who returned from Babylon with Ezra on his second expedition. Ezr 8:16 1 Esdr. 8:44. It is not impossible that he may be the same with the "son of Bani." Ezr 10:39

Nathan in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE na'-than (nathan, "gift"; Nathan): A court prophet in David's reign and a supporter of Solomon at his accession. There are three main incidents in his career as depicted in the Old Testament. 1. Nathan and David's Temple-Plans: The two parallel narratives, 2 Sam 7:1-17 = 1 Ch 17:1-15, of which the former is the original, relate how David confided to Nathan his intention to build a house for Yahweh's ark. Nathan at first blesses the project, but that same night is given a Divine message, and returns to tell the king that instead of David building a house for Yahweh, Yahweh will build a house for David: "I will set up thy seed after thee, .... and I will establish his kingdom. .... I will be his father, and he shall be my son: if he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men" (2 Sam 7:12-14). 2 Sam 7:13 says that "He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever," but this disturbs the one great thought of the passage,. which is that God will build a house for David, and which is also the thought in David's prayer (7:18- 29)...

Nathan Scripture - 1 Chronicles 29:29 Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they [are] written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer,

Nathan Scripture - 2 Chronicles 29:25 And he set the Levites in the house of the LORD with cymbals, with psalteries, and with harps, according to the commandment of David, and of Gad the king's seer, and Nathan the prophet: for [so was] the commandment of the LORD by his prophets.

Nathan Scripture - Zechariah 12:12 And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart;

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