Nadab and Abihu in Wikipedia
In the Book of Exodus and Book of Numbers, Nadab (Hebrew: נדב,
Nadav ; "generous, giving") and Abihu (Hebrew: אביהוא, Avihu ;
"He God is my father") were respectively the eldest and
second-eldest of the sons of Aaron. They were
consecrated to the priest's office along with their brothers
Eleazar and Ithamar. With their father, Nadab and Abihu
accompanied the seventy elders part of the way up the mount
Following the inauguration of the Tabernacle, Nadab and Abihu
offered incense in their censers filled with "strange" fire,
i.e., not with holy fire taken from the great brazen
altar,[not in citation given] and for this offense they
were immediately consumed by a fire from God, and were taken
out and buried outside the camp.[not in citation given]
Nadab in Easton's Bible Dictionary
liberal, generous. (1.) The eldest of Aaron's four sons
6:23; Num. 3:2). He with his brothers and their
consecrated as priests of Jehovah (Ex. 28:1). He
perished with Abihu for the sin of offering strange
fire on the
altar of burnt-offering (Lev. 10:1,2; Num. 3:4;
(2.) The son and successor of Jeroboam, the king of
Kings 14:20). While engaged with all Israel in
laying siege to
Gibbethon, a town of southern Dan (Josh. 19:44), a
broke out in his army, and he was slain by Baasha (1
15:25-28), after a reign of two years (B.C. 955-
assassination of Nadab was followed by that of his
and thus this great Ephraimite family became extinct
(3.) One of the sons of Shammai in the tribe of
Judah (1 Chr.
Nadab in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Aaron's oldest son by Elisheba (Exodus 6:23;
Numbers 3:2). With Aaron and Abihu and 70 elders he had the
privilege of nearer access to Jehovah at Sinai than the mass
of the people, but not so near as Moses (Exodus 24:1).
Struck dead for kindling (probably under intoxication) the
incense with "strange fire," not taken from the perpetual
fire on the altar (Leviticus 6:13; Leviticus 10:1-10). (See
2. Jeroboam's son, who walked in his father's evil
way; reigned two years, 954-952 B.C. (1 Kings 25:25-31).
Slain, in fulfilment of Ahijah the Shilonite's prophecy, by
the conspirator Baasha, while besieging Gibbethon of Dan
(Joshua 19:44; Joshua 21:23). Probably the neighbouring
Philistines had seized Gibbethon when the Levites generally
left it, to escape from Jeroboam's apostasy to Judah. By a
retributive coincidence it was when Israel was besieging
Gibbethon, 24 years after, that the same destruction fell on
Baasha's family as Baasha had inflicted on Nadab (1 Kings
Nadab in Hitchcock's Bible Names
free and voluntary gift; prince
Nadab in Naves Topical Bible
-1. Son of Aaron
Called to Mount Sinai with Moses and Aaron to worship
Set apart to priesthood
Offers "strange" (unauthorized) fire to God, and is
Le 10:1,2; Nu 3:4; 26:61
His father and brothers forbidden to mourn
-2. Son and successor of Jeroboam
His wicked reign; murdered by Baasha
-3. Great-grandson of Jerahmeel
-4. A Benjamite
1Ch 8:30; 9:36
Nadab in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. The eldest son of Aaron and Elisheba. Exod 8 13
Numb 3:2. (B.C. 1490.) He, his father and brother, and seventy
old men of Israel were led out from the midst of the assembled
people, Ex 24:1 and were commended to stay and worship God
"afar off," below the lofty summit of Sinai, where Moses alone
was to come near to the Lord. Subsequently, Le 10:1 Nadab and
his brother were struck dead before the sanctuary by fire from
the Lord. Their offence was kindling the incense in their
censers with "strange" fire, i.e. not taken from that which
burned perpetually, Le 6:13 on the altar.
2. King Jeroboam's son, who succeeded to the throne of
Israel B.C. 954, and reigned two years. 1Ki 15:25-31 At the
siege of Gibbethon a conspiracy broke out in the midst of the
army, and the king was slain by Baasha, a man of Issachar.
3. A son of Shammai 1Ch 2:28 of the tribe of Judah.
4. A son of Gibeon, 1Ch 8:30; 9:36 of the tribe of
Nadab in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
na'-dab (nadhabh, "noble"; Nadab):
(1) Aaron's first-born son (Ex 6:23; Nu 3:2; 26:60; 1 Ch 6:3
(Hebrew 5:29); 24:1). He was permitted with Moses, Aaron,
the 70 elders, and his brother Abihu to ascend Mt. Sinai and
behold the God of Israel (Ex 24:1,9). He was associated with
his father and brothers in the priestly office (Ex 28:1).
Along with Abihu he was guilty of offering "strange fire,"
and both "died before Yahweh" (Lev 10:1,2; Nu 3:4; 26:61).
The nature of their offense is far from clear. The word
rendered "strange" seems in this connection to mean no more
than "unauthorized by the Law" (see zur, in BDB, and compare
Ex 30:9). The proximity of the prohibition of wine to
officiating priests (Lev 10:8,9) has given rise to the
erroneous suggestion of the Midrash that the offense of the
brothers was drunkenness.
(2) A descendant of Jerahmeel (1 Ch 2:28,30).
(3) A Gibeonite (1 Ch 8:30).
(4) Son of Jeroboam I and after him for two years king of
Israel (1 Ki 14:20; 15:25). While Nadab was investing
Gibbethon, a Philistine stronghold, Baasha, who probably was
an officer in the army, as throne-robbers usually were,
conspired against him, slew him and seized the throne (1 Ki
15:27-31). With the assassination of Nadab the dynasty of
Jeroboam was extirpated, as foretold by the prophet Ahijah
(1 Ki 14). This event is typical of the entire history of
the Northern Kingdom, characterized by revolutions and
John A. Lees
Nadab Scripture - 1 Chronicles 24:1
Now [these are] the divisions of the sons of Aaron. The sons
of Aaron; Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
Nadab Scripture - 1 Chronicles 2:28
And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of
Shammai; Nadab, and Abishur.
Nadab Scripture - Exodus 28:1
And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with
him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister
unto me in the priest's office, [even] Aaron, Nadab and Abihu,
Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.