Menahem in Easton's Bible Dictionary
conforting, the son of Gadi, and successor of Shallum, king of
Israel, whom he slew. After a reign of about ten years
771-760) he died, leaving the throne to his son
reign was one of cruelty and oppression (2 Kings
During his reign, Pul (q.v.), king of Assyria, came
powerful force against Israel, but was induced to
retire by a
gift from Menahem of 1,000 talents of silver.
Menahem in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Son of Gadi. Slew Shallum, and seized the throne of Israel,
772 B.C.; reigned ten years. The words (2 Kings 15:14; 2
Kings 15:16) "from Tirzah" imply that Menahem was a general
under Zechariah, stationed at Tirzah (now Tallusa), and that
he marched thence with some troops to Samaria, and avenged
his master's murder by Shallum. He then, proceeding "from
Tirzah" (2 Kings 15:16) where Israel's main army was posted,
smote Tiphsach (Thapsacus on the Euphrates), Israel's
northeastern border city under Solomon (1 Kings 4:24),
restored by Jeroboam II (2 Kings 14:25; 2 Kings 14:28), but
having probably revolted again during the anarchy at his
death. Situated on the western bank of the Euphrates on the
great trade road from Egypt, Syria, and Phoenicia to
Mesopotamia, it was important for Menahem to secure it.
With savage cruelty, "because they opened not to
him," and to strike terror into all opponents, Menahem
"smote it and ripped up the women with child," copying the
unscrupulous Syrian Hazael's cruelty (2 Kings 8:12). In
religion "he departed not all his days from the sins of
Jeroboam who made Israel to sin." Hosea and Amos depict
Israel's demoralization at the time. In his reign first
appear the Assyrians as invaders of Israel from the N.E.
under Israel. Menahem, at the cost of 1,000 talents of
silver (400,000 British pounds, reckoning the silver talent
400 British pounds), induced him to "confirm the kingdom in
his hand." By exacting 50 shekels a head from 60,000 wealthy
men of Israel, Menahem raised the money. The name Pal
appears in an Assyrian inscription as "Phallukha," who took
tribute from "the house of Omri" (Beth Khumri), i.e.
Samaria. Tiglath Pileser II, the first monarch of the new
dynasty, mentions Menahem in another inscription. Menahem
died in peace; Pekahiah his son succeeded him.
Menahem in Hitchcock's Bible Names
comforter; who conducts them; preparation of heat
Menahem in Naves Topical Bible
-King of Israel
Menahem in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(comforter), son of Gadi, who slew the usurper Shallum, and
seized the vacant throne of Israel. B.C. 772. His reign, which
lasted ten years, is briefly recorded in 2Ki 15:14-22 He
maintained the calf-worship of Jeroboam. The contemporary
prophets Hosea and Amos have left a melancholy picture of the
ungodliness, demoralization and feebleness of Israel. Menahem
reigned B.C. 771-760.
Menahem in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
men'-a-hem (menachem, "one who comforts"; Manaem; 2 Ki
1. Accession and Reign:
Son of Gadi and 16th king of Israel. He reigned 10 years.
Menahem was probably the officer in charge of the royal
troops in Tirzah, one of the king's residences, at the time
of the murder of Zechariah by Shallum. Hearing of the deed,
he brought up his troops and avenged the death of his master
by putting Shallum to death in Samaria. He then seized the
vacant throne. His first full year may have been 758 BC
(others, as seen below, put later).
2. Early Acts:
The country at this time, as depicted by Hosea and Amos, was
in a deplorable condition of anarchy and lawlessness.
Menahem, with a strong hand, enforced his occupation of the
throne. One town only seems to have refused to acknowledge
him. This was Tiphsah, a place 6 miles Southwest of Shechem,
now the ruined village of Khurbet Tafsah. As Menahem is said
to have attacked this enclosed city from Tirzah, lying to
its North, it is probable that he took it on the way to
Samaria, before proceeding to do battle with Shallum. If
this was so, it is some explanation of the cruelty with
which he treated its inhabitants (2 Ki 15:16). One such
instance of severity was enough. The whole kingdom was at
his feet. He proved to be a strong and determined ruler, and
during the 9 or 10 years of his governorship had no further
internecine trouble to contend with...
Menahem in Wikipedia
Menahem, (Hebrew: מְנַחֵם, Modern Menaẖem Tiberian Menạḥēm, from
a Hebrew word meaning "the consoler" or "comforter"; Greek:
Manaem in the Septuagint, Manaen in Aquila; Latin: Manahem;
full name: Hebrew: מנחם בן גדי, Menahem Ben Gadi [II Kings,
15:17-22]) was a king of the northern Israelite Kingdom of
Israel. He was the son of Gadi, and the founder of the dynasty
known as the House of Gadi or House of Menahem.
Menahem's ten year reign is told in 2 Kings 15:14-22 . When
Shallum conspired against and murdered Zachariah in Samaria,
and set himself upon the throne of the northern kingdom,
Menahem refused to recognize the usurper. Menahem marched from
Tirzah to Samaria, about six miles westwards, laid siege to
Samaria, took it, murdered Shallum a month into his reign (2
Kings 15:13 ), and set himself upon the throne. (2 Kings 15:14
) According to Josephus, he was a general of the army of
Israel. (Ant. 9:11:1)...
Menahem Scripture - 2 Kings 15:14
For Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, and came to
Samaria, and smote Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and
slew him, and reigned in his stead.
Menahem Scripture - 2 Kings 15:19
[And] Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and
Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver, that his hand
might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.
Menahem Scripture - 2 Kings 15:20
And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, [even] of all the
mighty men of wealth, of each man fifty shekels of silver, to
give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned
back, and stayed not there in the land.