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November 17    Scripture



Bible Names H-M: Medad


Eldad and Medad in Wikipedia Eldad and Medad are mentioned in the Book of Numbers, and are described as having prophesied among the Israelites, despite the fact that they had remained in the camp, while 70 elders had gone to the tabernacle outside the camp to receive the ability to prophecy from God[1]. According to the narrative, Joshua asked Moses to forbid Eldad and Medad from prophecy, but Moses argued that it was a good thing that others could prophesy, and that ideally all the Israelites would prophesy[2]. In rabbinical tradition, Eldad and Medad are said to have predicted a war with Gog and Magog, with the king from Magog uniting the non-Jews and launching war in Palestine against the Jews, but these non-Jews being defeated and slain by fire from God's throne[3][4]. Some classical rabbinical literature argues that the non-Jews would be at the mercy of the Jewish Messiah[5]; such Messianic connections of Eldad and Medad also circulated among early Christian groups, and a particularly popular discussion of such prophecy was even quoted in the deutero- canonical Shepherd of Hermas[6]. According to biblical scholars, the real purpose of the story was to indicate that prophecy was not restricted to a select few people[7]. However, the text states that Eldad and Medad were of them that were written down[8], making them less representative of the general population, although some textual scholars believe that this is a gloss added to the original Elohist[7][9] account, by a later editor who objected to the idea that anyone could become a prophet[7]. The names themselves are hence unimportant to the point of the story, and may have been chosen simply for the sake of assonance[7]; they seem to refer to dad, suggesting polytheism and/or a non-Israelite origin: if the names are Hebrew, then dad could mean paternal uncle, with Eldad thus meaning God is the brother of my father or El is the brother of my father[7], and Medad meaning (one who is) of my father's brother if the names are Assyrian, then dad could be a corruption of daddu, meaning beloved, with Eldad thus meaning God is beloved or El is beloved[7], and Medad meaning object of affection if the names are Akkadian, then dad could be a corruption of Adad, the name of a deity known to the Aramaeans as Hadad, with Eldad thus meaning El is Hadad or Hadad is God[7], and Medad meaning (one who is) of Hadad

Medad in Easton's Bible Dictionary love, one of the elders nominated to assist Moses in the government of the people. He and Eldad "prophesied in the camp" (Num. 11:24-29).

Medad in Hitchcock's Bible Names he that measures; water of love

Medad in Naves Topical Bible -One of the seventy elders who did not go to the tabernacle with Moses, but prophesied in the camp Nu 11:26-29

Medad in Smiths Bible Dictionary (love). [ELDAD AND MEDAD]

Medad in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE me'-dad (medhadh, "affectionate"): One of the 70 elders on whom the spirit of the Lord came in the days of Moses enabling them to prophesy. Medad and one other, Eldad, began to prophesy in the camp, away from the other elders who had assembled at the door of the tabernacle to hear God's message. Joshua suggested that Eldad and Medad be stopped, but Moses interceded on their behalf, saying, "Would that all Yahweh's people were prophets!" (Nu 11:26-29). The subject-matter of their prophecy has been variously supplied by tradition. Compare the Israel Targums at the place, the apocalyptic Book of Eldad and Modad, and Ba`al ha-Turim (ad loc.). Ella Davis Isaacs

Medad Scripture - Numbers 11:26 But there remained two [of the] men in the camp, the name of the one [was] Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the spirit rested upon them; and they [were] of them that were written, but went not out unto the tabernacle: and they prophesied in the camp.

Medad Scripture - Numbers 11:27 And there ran a young man, and told Moses, and said, Eldad and Medad do prophesy in the camp.

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