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November 15    Scripture



Bible Names H-M: Jonathan


Jonathan (1 Samuel) in Wikipedia Jonathan (Hebrew: יְהֹונָתָן Yəhōnāṯān or Yehonatan) is a heroic figure in 1 Samuel in the Hebrew Bible. He was the son of King Saul and close friend of King David. The relationship between David and Jonathan is one of the most notable biblical relationships. Jonathan first appears in the biblical narrative as the victor of Geba, a Philistine stronghold (1 Samuel 13), and dies tragically at Mount Gilboa along with his father and brothers (1 Samuel 31). Jonathan was the father of Mephibosheth.

Jonathan (Judges) in Wikipedia Jonathan is a figure appearing in the account of Micah's Idol in the Book of Judges, in which he is appointed as the priest of a shrine; since the shrine contained an ephod and teraphim, Jonathan is referred to as an idol-worshipper by traditional Judaism. The text identifies Jonathan as the son of Gershom, son of Manasseh[1], but there is a scribal oddity in that the verse presents the name of Manasseh as מנשה, with the "נ" superscripted, which does not occur elsewhere in the Bible; the correct reading may be Moses (Hebrew: משה, Moshe), and Rashi and other sages suspected as much, arguing that the name was changed to Manasseh to avoid scandalising Moses[2].

Jonathan in Easton's Bible Dictionary whom Jehovah gave, the name of fifteen or more persons that are mentioned in Scripture. The chief of these are, (1.) A Levite descended from Gershom (Judg. 18:30). His history is recorded in 17:7-13 and 18:30. The Rabbins changed this name into Manasseh "to screen the memory of the great lawgiver from the stain of having so unworthy an apostate among his near descendants." He became priest of the idol image at Dan, and this office continued in his family till the Captivity. (2.) The eldest son of king Saul, and the bosom friend of David. He is first mentioned when he was about thirty years of age, some time after his father's accession to the throne (1 Sam. 13:2). Like his father, he was a man of great strength and activity (2 Sam. 1:23), and excelled in archery and slinging (1 Chr. 12:2;2 Sam. 1:22). The affection that evidently subsisted between him and his father was interrupted by the growth of Saul's insanity. At length, "in fierce anger," he left his father's presence and cast in his lot with the cause of David (1 Sam. 20:34). After an eventful career, interwoven to a great extent with that of David, he fell, along with his father and his two brothers, on the fatal field of Gilboa (1 Sam. 31:2, 8). He was first buried at Jabesh-gilead, but his remains were afterwards removed with those of his father to Zelah, in Benjamin (2 Sam. 21:12-14). His death was the occasion of David's famous elegy of "the Song of the Bow" (2 Sam. 1:17-27). He left one son five years old, Merib-baal, or Mephibosheth (2 Sam. 4:4; comp. 1 Chr. 8:34). (3.) Son of the high priest Abiathar, and one who adhered to David at the time of Absalom's rebellion (2 Sam. 15:27, 36). He is the last descendant of Eli of whom there is any record. (4.) Son of Shammah, and David's nephew, and also one of his chief warriors (2 Sam. 21:21). He slew a giant in Gath.

Jonathan in Hitchcock's Bible Names given of God

Jonathan in Naves Topical Bible -1. A Levite of Bethlehem, who becomes a priest for Micah; accepts idolatry; joins the Danites Jud 17:7-13; 18:1-30 -2. Son of Saul 1Sa 14:49 Victory of, over the Philistine garrison of Geba 1Sa 13:3,4,16 Victory of, over the Philistines at Michmash 1Sa 14:1-18 Under Saul's curse pronounced against anyone who might take food before Saul was avenged of his enemies 1Sa 14:24-30,43 Rescued by the people 1Sa 14:43-45 Love of, for David 1Sa 18:1-4; 19:1-7; 20; 23:16-18 Killed in the battle with the Philistines 1Sa 31:2,6; 1Ch 10:2; 2Sa 21:12-14 Buried by inhabitants of Jabesh-gilead 1Sa 31:11-13 Mourned by David 2Sa 1:12,17-27 Son of, cared for by David 2Sa 4:4; 9; 1Ch 8:34 -3. Son of Abiathar 2Sa 15:27 Acts as a spy for David 2Sa 15:27,28; 17:17-22 Informs Adonijah of Solomon's succession to David 1Ki 1:42-48 -4. Nephew of David, kills a giant, and becomes one of David's chief warriors 2Sa 21:21; 1Ch 20:7 -5. One of David's heroes 2Sa 23:32; 1Ch 11:34 -6. A son of Jada 1Ch 2:32,33 -7. Secretary of the cabinet of David 1Ch 27:32 -8. Father of Ebed Ezr 8:6 -9. Son of Asahel Ezr 10:15 -10. Also called JOHANAN A descendant of Jeshua Ne 12:11,22 -11. The name of two priests Ne 12:14,35 -12. A scribe Jer 37:15,20; 38:26 -13. Son of Kareah Jer 40:8

Jonathan in Smiths Bible Dictionary that is, "the gift of Jehovah," the eldest son of King Saul. (B.C. about 1095-1056.) He was a man of great strength and activity. 2Sa 1:23 He was also famous as a warrior, 1Ch 12:2 as is shown by the courage he showing in attacking the garrison of the Philistines, in company with is armor-bearer only, slaying twenty men and putting an army to flight. 1Sa 14:6-16 During the pursuit, Jonathan, who had not heard of the rash curse, ch. 1Sa 14:24 which Saul invoked on any one who ate before the evening, tasted the honey which lay on the ground. Saul would have sacrificed him; but the people interposed in behalf of the hero of that great day, and Jonathan was saved. ch. 1Sa 14:24-45 The chief interest of Jonathan's career is derived from the friendship with David, which began on the day of David's return from the victory over the champion of Gath, and continued till his death. Their last meeting was in and forest of Ziph, during Saul's pursuit of David. 1Sa 23:16-18 From this time forth we hear no more till the battle of Gilboa. In that battle he fell. 1Sa 31:2,8 (B.C. 1056.) his ashes were buried first at Jabesh-gilead, ch. 1Sa 31:13 but were afterward removed with those of his father to Zelah in Benjamin. 2Sa 21:12 The news of his death occasioned the celebrated elegy of David. He left a son, Mephibosheth. [MEPHIBOSHETH] 2. A nephew of David. 2Sa 21:21; 1Ch 20:7 He engaged in single combat with and slew a gigantic Philistine of Gath. 2Sa 21:21 (B.C. 1018.) 3. The son of Abiathar, the high priest, is the last descendant of Eli of whom we hear anything. 2Sa 15:36; 17:15-21; 1Ki 1:42,43 (B.C. 1023.) 4. One of David's heroes. 2Sa 23:32; 1Ch 11:34 5. The son or descendant of Gershom the son of Moses. Jud 18:30 [MICAH] (B.C. about 1425.) 6. One of the Bene-Adin. Ezr 8:6 7. A priest, the son of Asahel, in the time of Ezra. Ezr 10:15 (B.C. 459.) 8. A priest of the family of Melieu. Ne 12:14 9. One of the sons of Kareah, and brother of Johanan. Jer 40:8 (B.C. 587.) 10. Son of Joiada, and his successor in the high priesthood. Ne 12:11,22,23 (B.C. before 332.) 11. Father of Zechariah, a priest who blew the trumpet at the dedication of the wall. Ne 12:35 12. 1 Esdr. 8:32. [See No. 6] (B.C. 446.)

Jonathan in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE jon'-a-than (yehonathan, yonathan, "Yahweh has given"; Ionathan; compare JEHONATHAN): (1) (Hebrew yehonathan): The young "Levite" of Judges 17; 18 referred to by name in 18:30, where he is called "the son of Gershom, the son of Moses," and where the King James Version has "Manasseh" for Moses, following the Massoretic Text in which the letter nun of Manasseh is "suspended." Rashi states the reason thus: "Because of the honor of Moses was the nun written so as to alter the name." The original word was Moses, but it was thought undesirable that a descendant of his should have anything to do with images; and so Jonathan was made to have affinity (metaphorically) with Manasseh. See GB, Intro, 335-38. Jonathan was a Levitical Judahite of Beth-lehem-judah, who came to the house of Micah, in the hill country of Ephraim, and hired himself as a priest in Micah's sanctuary (Jdg 17:1-13). The Danites sent 5 men north to spy for new territory, and on their way the spies came to the house of Micah, where they found Jonathan and consulted the oracle through him (Jdg 18:1-5). Having received a favorable answer, they set out and came to Laish, and on their return south they advised that an expedition be sent thither (Jdg 18:6-10). Their clansmen accordingly sent out a band of warriors who on their way passed by Micah's house. The spies informed their comrades of the ephod and teraphim and images there, and they seized them, inducing Jonathan at the same time to accompany them as their priest (Jdg 18:11-20). At Laish he founded a priesthood which was thus descended from Moses (Jdg 18:30).

Jonathan Scripture - 1 Chronicles 8:33 And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.

Jonathan Scripture - 1 Chronicles 9:39 And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchishua, and Abinadab, and Eshbaal.

Jonathan Scripture - 1 Samuel 20:13 The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it please my father [to do] thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as he hath been with my father.

Jonathan son of Abiathar in Wikipedia Jonathan was a son of Abiathar the priest (2 Samuel 15:27), and served as a messenger during Absalom's rebellion. (2 Samuel 15:36, 17:17).

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