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Bible Names H-M: Jair


Jair in Easton's Bible Dictionary enlightener. (1.) The son of Segub. He was brought up with his mother in Gilead, where he had possessions (1 Chr. 2:22). He distinguished himself in an expedition against Bashan, and settled in the part of Argob on the borders of Gilead. The small towns taken by him there are called Havoth-jair, i.e., "Jair's villages" (Num. 32:41; Deut. 3:14; Josh. 13:30). (2.) The eighth judge of Israel, which he ruled for twenty-two years. His opulence is described in Judg. 10:3-5. He had thirty sons, each riding on "ass colts." They had possession of thirty of the sixty cities (1 Kings 4:13; 1 Chr. 2:23) which formed the ancient Havoth-jair. (3.) A Benjamite, the father of Mordecai, Esther's uncle (Esther 2:5). (4.) The father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi, the brother of Goliath (1 Chr. 20:5).

Jair in Hitchcock's Bible Names Jairus

Jair in Naves Topical Bible -1. Son of Manasseh. Founder of twenty-three cities in Gilead Nu 32:41; De 3:14; Jos 13:30; 1Ki 4:13; 1Ch 2:22,23 -2. A judge of Israel Jud 10:3-5 -3. A Benjamite Es 2:5 -4. Father of Elhanan 1Ch 20:5

Jair in Smiths Bible Dictionary (enlightener). 1. A man who on his father's side was descended from Judah, and on his mother's from Manasseh. (B.C. 1451.) During, the conquest he took the whole of the tract of Argob De 3:14 and in addition possessed himself of some nomad villages in Gilead, which he called after his own name Havoth-Jair. Nu 32:41; 1Ch 2:23 2. JAIR THE GILEADITE, who judged Israel for two-and- twenty years. Jud 10:3-5 (B.C. 1160.) He had thirty sons, and possessed thirty cities in the land of Gilead, which like those of their namesakes were called Havoth-jair. 3. A Benjamite, son of Kish and father of Mordecai. Es 2:5 (B.C. before 598.) 4. The father of Elhanan, one of the heroes of David's army. 1Ch 20:6

Jair in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE ja'-er: (1) Jair (ya'ir, "he enlightens" or "one giving light"): (a) Son, i.e. descendant of Manasseh (Nu 32:41; Dt 3:14; Josh 13:30; 1 Ki 4:13:1 Ch 2:22 f). According to 1 Ch 2:21 f he was the son of ScRub, son of Hezron, a descendant of Judah, who married the daughter of Machir, son of Manasseh. He was thus descended both from Judah and Manasseh. At the time of the conquest he distinguished himself by taking the tent-villages HAVVOTH-JAIR (which see). The accounts of his exploit are difficult to harmonize (see ICC on above passages). Some would identify him with the Jair of Jdg 10:3, holding that Manasseh's settlement in Northern Gilead and Bashan took place, not before Israel's passage of the Jordan, but after the settlement of the tribe on the West. For a criticism of this view see HGHL, 577, note (b) One of the judges. He is said to have had 30 sons, who rode on 30 ass colts, and who had as many cities, known as Havvoth-jair (Jdg 10:3,4). One tradition identifies (a) and (b). Others reconcile the two narratives by interpreting the word "son" in a non-literal sense. (c) The father of Mordecai (Est 2:5). In the Apocrypha (Additions to Esther 11:2) his name is given as "Jairus" (Iaeiros). (2) Jair (Qere: ya`ir, "he arouses"; Kethibh: ya`ur; a different name from (1) above): The father of Elhanan, the giant-slayer (1 Ch 20:5). In the parallel passage (2 Sam 21:19) his name is given as "Jaare-oregim," but the text should be corrected to Jair, "oregim" ('oreghim) having crept in from the line below through a copyist's error. James Crichton

Jair in Wikipedia (Hebrew יאיר Ya'ir) was a man from Gilead (Tribe of Manasseh, east of the River Jordan), who judged Israel for twenty-two years, after the death of Tola. His inheritance was in Gilead through the line of Machir, the son of Manasseh. Jair was the son of Segub, the son of Hezron the Jew through the daughter of Machir (1 Chronicles 2). According to Judges 10:3-5, Jair had thirty sons, who rode thirty ass colts, and thirty 'cities' in Gilead which came to be known as Havoth-Jair. The word chawwoth ('tent encampments') occurs only in this context (Numbers 32:41; Deuteronomy 3:14; Judges 10:4), and is a legacy word remaining from the early nomadic stage of Hebrew culture. W. Ewing suggests that Kamon probably corresponds to Kamun taken by the Seleucid king Antiochus III, on his march from Pella to Gephrun (Polybius Book V.70:12). Jair died and was buried in Kamon.

Jair Scripture - 1 Chronicles 2:23 And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, [even] threescore cities. All these [belonged to] the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.

Jair Scripture - 1 Kings 4:13 The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him [pertained] the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which [are] in Gilead; to him [also pertained] the region of Argob, which [is] in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brasen bars:

Jair Scripture - Joshua 13:30 And their coast was from Mahanaim, all Bashan, all the kingdom of Og king of Bashan, and all the towns of Jair, which [are] in Bashan, threescore cities:

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