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November 15    Scripture



Bible Names H-M: Jaddua


Jaddua in Easton's Bible Dictionary known. (1.) One of the chiefs who subscribed the covenant (Neh. 10:21). (2.) The last high priest mentioned in the Old Testament (Neh. 12:11, 22), sons of Jonathan.

Jaddua in Hitchcock's Bible Names known

Jaddua in Smiths Bible Dictionary (known). 1. Son and successor in the high priesthood of Jonathan or Johanan. He is the last of the high priests mentioned in the Old Testament, and probably altogether the latest name in the canon. Ne 12:11,22 (B.C. 406-332.) 2. One of the chief of the people who sealed the covenant with Nehemiah. Ne 10:21 (B.C. 410.)

Jaddua in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE jad'-u-a, ja-du'-a (yaddua`, "known"): (1) One of the "chiefs of the people" who with Nehemiah sealed the covenant, thus signifying their voluntary acceptance of the law and their solemn promise to submit to its yoke (Neh 10:21 (Hebrew 22)). (2) Son of Jonathan or Johanan, and great-grandson of Eliashib, the high priest in Nehemiah's time (Neh 12:11,22). He is the last of the high priests mentioned in the Old Testament, and held office during the reign of Darius the Persian, i.e. Darius III Codomannus, the last king of Persia (336-332 BC), who was overthrown by Alexander the Great. It is doubtless to him that Josephus refers in his romantic account of Alexander's entrance into Jerusalem (Ant., XI, viii, 4 f; vii, 2; viii, 7). James Crichton

Jaddua in Wikipedia was a the son of Jonathan and a high priest during the postexilic period. Reference to Jaddua may be found in Nehemiah verses 12:11,22. When reading Josephus' accounts of Jaddua's priestly position, it is unclear whether or not Jaddua was the sole high priest or if he shared the office with Manasseh. The other possibility (which is difficult to discern from Josephus' accounts) is that Manasseh was Jaddua's assistant or sagan. (Anchor Bible Dictionary). Jaddua’s brother, Manasseh, married into the gubernatorial Samarian family; there are elders in Jerusalem who have the ability and authority to force Manasseh to “either to divorce his faith or not to approach the altar.” (Vanderkam). In this dispute, Jaddua himself took the side of the elders of Jerusalem. Although the elders exercised authority, Jaddua was the top authority. In an account of the Jewish historian Josephus, it is speculated that the reason the elders opposed Manasseh’s marriage was that they resented “the fact that the brother of the high priest Jaddua was sharing the high priesthood while married to a foreigner.” This marriage could possibly be the beginning of an office known as a sagan which later became the second highest priestly position. Because the high priest was the supreme civil and religious head of the Jewish people and the only competing authority would be the elders, naturally Alexander targeted Jaddua. Josephus included an account about Alexander reading the book of Daniel and believed that the prophecy regarding the destruction of the Persian Empire was talking about him and his future conquests. The account details about Alexander's visit to Jerusalem. However, this account has later been regarded as "a historical myth designed to bring the king into direct contact with the Jews, and to speak of both in laudatory terms. The story has been said to demonstrate "the Jews' surrender to Alexander."

Jaddua Scripture - Nehemiah 10:21 Meshezabeel, Zadok, Jaddua,

Jaddua Scripture - Nehemiah 12:11 And Joiada begat Jonathan, and Jonathan begat Jaddua.

Jaddua Scripture - Nehemiah 12:22 The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and Jaddua, [were] recorded chief of the fathers: also the priests, to the reign of Darius the Persian.

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