Bible Names H-M: Jaddua
Jaddua in Easton's Bible Dictionary
known. (1.) One of the chiefs who subscribed the covenant
(2.) The last high priest mentioned in the Old
12:11, 22), sons of Jonathan.
Jaddua in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Jaddua in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. Son and successor in the high priesthood of
Jonathan or Johanan. He is the last of the high priests
mentioned in the Old Testament, and probably altogether the
latest name in the canon. Ne 12:11,22 (B.C. 406-332.)
2. One of the chief of the people who sealed the
covenant with Nehemiah. Ne 10:21 (B.C. 410.)
Jaddua in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
jad'-u-a, ja-du'-a (yaddua`, "known"):
(1) One of the "chiefs of the people" who with Nehemiah sealed
the covenant, thus signifying their voluntary acceptance of
the law and their solemn promise to submit to its yoke (Neh
10:21 (Hebrew 22)).
(2) Son of Jonathan or Johanan, and great-grandson of
Eliashib, the high priest in Nehemiah's time (Neh 12:11,22).
He is the last of the high priests mentioned in the Old
Testament, and held office during the reign of Darius the
Persian, i.e. Darius III Codomannus, the last king of Persia
(336-332 BC), who was overthrown by Alexander the Great. It is
doubtless to him that Josephus refers in his romantic account
of Alexander's entrance into Jerusalem (Ant., XI, viii, 4 f;
vii, 2; viii, 7).
Jaddua in Wikipedia
was a the son of Jonathan and a high priest during the
postexilic period. Reference to Jaddua may be found in
Nehemiah verses 12:11,22. When reading Josephus' accounts of
Jaddua's priestly position, it is unclear whether or not
Jaddua was the sole high priest or if he shared the office
with Manasseh. The other possibility (which is difficult to
discern from Josephus' accounts) is that Manasseh was
Jaddua's assistant or sagan. (Anchor Bible Dictionary).
Jaddua’s brother, Manasseh, married into the gubernatorial
Samarian family; there are elders in Jerusalem who have the
ability and authority to force Manasseh to “either to
divorce his faith or not to approach the altar.”
(Vanderkam). In this dispute, Jaddua himself took the side
of the elders of Jerusalem. Although the elders exercised
authority, Jaddua was the top authority. In an account of
the Jewish historian Josephus, it is speculated that the
reason the elders opposed Manasseh’s marriage was that they
resented “the fact that the brother of the high priest
Jaddua was sharing the high priesthood while married to a
foreigner.” This marriage could possibly be the beginning of
an office known as a sagan which later became the second
highest priestly position. Because the high priest was the
supreme civil and religious head of the Jewish people and
the only competing authority would be the elders, naturally
Alexander targeted Jaddua.
Josephus included an account about Alexander reading the
book of Daniel and believed that the prophecy regarding the
destruction of the Persian Empire was talking about him and
his future conquests. The account details about Alexander's
visit to Jerusalem. However, this account has later been
regarded as "a historical myth designed to bring the king
into direct contact with the Jews, and to speak of both in
laudatory terms. The story has been said to demonstrate "the
Jews' surrender to Alexander."
Jaddua Scripture - Nehemiah 10:21
Meshezabeel, Zadok, Jaddua,
Jaddua Scripture - Nehemiah 12:11
And Joiada begat Jonathan, and Jonathan begat Jaddua.
Jaddua Scripture - Nehemiah 12:22
The Levites in the days of Eliashib, Joiada, and Johanan, and
Jaddua, [were] recorded chief of the fathers: also the
priests, to the reign of Darius the Persian.
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