Bible Names H-M: Hadad
Hadad in Easton's Bible Dictionary
Adod, brave(?), the name of a Syrian god. (1.) An Edomite king
who defeated the Midianites (Gen. 36:35; 1 Chr. 1:46).
(2.) Another Edomite king (1 Chr. 1:50, 51), called
(Gen. 36:39; 1 Chr. 1:51).
(3.) One of "the king's seed in Edom." He fled into
where he married the sister of Pharaoh's wife (1 Kings
11:14-22). He became one of Solomon's adversaries.
Hadad, sharp, (a different name in Hebrew from the
one of the sons of Ishmael (1 Chr. 1:30). Called also
Hadad in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
A name often recurring in the Syrian and Edomite dynasties,
meaning the sun; so applied as the official title to the
king, as supreme on earth as the sun is in the sky. It
appears in Ben-hadad, son, i.e. worshipper, of Hadad; Hadad-
ezer, helped by Hadad. It appears as Hadar. frontHADAR.)
(Genesis 25:15; compare 1 Chronicles 1:30; 1 Chronicles
1:50). Nicolaus of Damascus (Fragm. 31), friend of Augustus
Caesar (Josephus, Ant. 7:5, sec. 2), confirms 2 Samuel 8:3
as to David's defeating Hadadezer or Hadarezer, king of
Zobah, "when he went to recover his border at the river
Euphrates"; Nicolaus says, "a certain Hadad, a native
Syrian, had great power, ruling over Damascus and all Syria
except. Phoenicia (this accords with 2 Samuel 8:5, 'the
Syrians of Damascus came to support Hadadezer,' being his
vassals); he contended against David king of Judea in many
battles; in the last, which was by the Euphrates, he
suffered defeat (making his third defeat: 2 Samuel 8:3; 2
Samuel 8:5; 2 Samuel 10:18), showing himself a prince of the
1. Son of Ishmael (Genesis 25:15). The Attaei,
Attene, Chateni, on W. of Persian gulf, seem his descendants
(Ptol. 6:7, section 15; Plin. 6:32). Hadad, a mountain
belonging to TEMA on the borders of the Syrian desert N. of
el-Medeenah, corresponds to the dwelling of this tribe.
2. King of Edom; conquered Midian on the field of
Moab (Genesis 36:35); Avith was his capital. (See AVITH.)
3. King of Edom (Pan was his capital: Genesis
36:39); probably living when Moses wrote, for Moses does not
record his death as he does that of his predecessors; last
of the kings. In the later written 1 Chronicles 1:50 Hadad's
death is recorded. The dukes that follow were not
successors, but hereditary sheikhs who chose one emir or
king to preside. Hadad's death does not therefore, as
Smith's Bible Dictionary supposes, mark a change to the
dukedom. (See EDOM.) "Hadad could hardly have been living
after the times of the kings of Israel, to which period
those who consider Genesis 36:31-48 an interpolation would
assign the genealogy" (Speaker's Commentary).
4. Of the royal house of Edom (1 Kings 11:14, etc.).
In childhood escaped the massacre of every Edomite male by
Joab, and fled into Egypt. Pharaoh gave him house, victuals,
and land, and his wife Tahpenes the queen's sister in
marriage, who bore him Genubath. At David's death, in spite
of Pharaoh's entreaties he left Egypt for his own country.
The Septuagint read Edom for Aram (Syria), 1 Kings 11:25,
thus making Hadad succeed in his attempt to regain rule over
Edom, from whence he harassed Israel; but the Septuagint
omits all as to Rezon, so that its authority is worth little
here. Josephus (Ant. 8:7, section 6) reads as KJV; Hadad
thus having failed to recover Edom joined Rezon in assailing
Israel and received from him a portion of Syria; "he reigned
over Syria" refers to Rezon, and is a repetition of verse
Hadad in Hitchcock's Bible Names
joy; noise; clamor
Hadad in Naves Topical Bible
1. A successor of Husham as king of Edom
Vanquished the Midianites on the field of Moab
Ge 36:35; 1Ch 1:46
-2. A son of Ishmael
Called HADAR in
-3. Successor of Baal-hanan, king of Edom
Called HADAR in
-4. A prince of Edom
Adversary of Solomon
Hadad in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(mighty), originally the indigenous appellation of the sun
among the Syrians, and thence transferred to the king as the
highest of earthly authorities. The title appears to have been
an official one, like Pharaoh. It is found occasionally in the
altered form Hadar. Ge 25:15; 36:39 compared with 1Chr 1:30,50
1. Son of Ishmael. Ge 25:15; 1Ch 1:30
2. A king of Edom who gained an important victory over
the Midianites on the field of Moab. Ge 36:35; 1Ch 1:46
3. Also a king of Edom, with Pau for his capital. 1Ch
4. A member of the royal house Or Edom. 1Ki 11:14 ff.
In his childhood he escaped the massacre under Joab, and fled
with a band of followers into Egypt. Pharaoh, the predecessor
of Solomon's father-in-law, treated him kindly, and gave him
his sister-in-law in marriage. After David's death Hadad
resolved to attempt the recovery of his dominion. He left
Egypt and returned to his own country.
Hadad in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
(1) (chadhadh, "sharpness"): One of the twelve sons of
Ishmael (Gen 25:15, where the King James Version, following
a mistake in Hebrew text, has "Hadar"; but "Hadad" is found
in parallel passage 1 Ch 1:30; the Revised Version (British
and American) reads "Hadad" in both places).
(2) (hadhadh): A king of Edom, son of Bedad (Gen 36:35,36
parallel 1 Ch 1:46,47), "who smote Midian in the field of
Moab," and whose "city was Avith."
(3) Another king of Edom, written "Hadar" in Gen 36:39 by a
copyist's mistake, but "Hadad" in the parallel passage 1 Ch
1:50,51. His city was Pau or Israel.
(4) A member of the royal family of Edom in David's time,
who as a child escaped Joab's slaughter of the Edomites, and
fled to Egypt. On David's death he returned to Edom, where
he made trouble for Solomon by stirring up the Edomites
against the rule of Israel (1 Ki 11:14-22,25).
(5) The supreme god of Syria, whose name is found in
Scripture in the names of Syrian kings, Benhadad, Hadadezer.
The god Hadad (= perhaps, "maker of loud noise") is
mentioned in Assyrian inscriptions, and called on the
monolith of Shalmaneser "the god of Aleppo." In the Assyrian
inscriptions he is identified with the air-god Rammon or
Rimmon. The union of the two names in Zec 12:11 suggests
this identity, though the reference is uncertain, some
regarding Hadadrimmon as the name of a place, others as the
name of the god--"Hadad (is) Rimmon." The name "Hadad" is
found in various other forms: Adad, Dadu, and Dadda. See A.
H. Sayce in HDB under the word "Hadad."
George Rice Hovey
Hadad in Wikipedia
(Ugaritic 𐎅𐎄𐎆 Haddu) was a northwest Semitic storm and rain
god, cognate in name and origin with the Akkadian god Adad.
Hadad was often called simply Ba‘al (Lord), but this title was
also used for other gods. Hadad was equated with the Anatolian
storm-god Teshub, the Egyptian god Set, the Greek god Zeus,
and the Roman god Jupiter...
Hadad in Wikipedia
Multiple Biblical characters with the names Hadad or Hadar
existed. Ishmael had a son that is referred to by both names;
the last king of Edom also has both alternative names. One
Hadad ben Bedad was an earlier king of Edom.
Hadad Scripture - 1 Chronicles 1:50
And when Baalhanan was dead, Hadad reigned in his stead: and
the name of his city [was] Pai; and his wife's name [was]
Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.
Hadad Scripture - 1 Chronicles 1:51
Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke
Aliah, duke Jetheth,
Hadad Scripture - 1 Kings 11:19
And Hadad found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that
he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of
Tahpenes the queen.
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