Bible Names A-G: Adonijah
Adonijah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
my Lord is Jehovah. (1.) The fourth son of David (2 Sam.
After the death of his elder brothers, Amnon and
became heir-apparent to the throne. But Solomon, a
brother, was preferred to him. Adonijah, however,
father was dying, caused himself to be proclaimed
Nathan and Bathsheba induced David to give orders
should at once be proclaimed and admitted to the
Adonijah fled and took refuge at the altar, and
for his conduct from Solomon on the condition that
himself "a worthy man" (1 Kings 1:5-53). He
afterwards made a
second attempt to gain the throne, but was seized
and put to
death (1 Kings 2:13-25).
(2.) A Levite sent with the princes to teach the
book of the
law to the inhabitants of Judah (2 Chr. 17:8).
(3.) One of the "chiefs of the people" after the
Adonijah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
(See ABIATHAR) and ABSALOM). Means "My Lord is Jehovah", or,
"Jah my Father".
1. Fourth son of David, by Haggith, born at Hebron.
Very goodly in looks, like Absalom. Foolishly indulged by
his father, who "had not displeased him at any time in
saying, Why hast thou done so?" Never crossed when young, he
naturally expected to have his own way when old; and took
it, to his father's grief in his old age, and to his own
destruction. Compare Proverbs 13:24; Proverbs 22:6; "Train
up a child in the way he should go;" not in the way he would
go: 1 Kings 1:6. When David was seemingly too old to offer
energetic resistance, Adonijah as now the oldest son, about
35 years old (compare 2 Samuel 3:2-4 with 2 Samuel 5:5),
Amnon, Chileab, and Absalom being dead, claimed the throne,
in defiance of God's expressed will, and David's oath to
Bathsheba that Solomon should inherit the throne (1
Chronicles 22:9-10). Like Absalom (2 Samuel 15:1) he assumed
regal state, with chariots, horsemen, and 50 men to run
before him (2 Kings 1; 2).
Nathan the prophet, Zadok (Eleazar's descendant, and
so of the older line of priesthood), Benaiah son of
Jehoiada, captain of the king's guard, Shimei and Rei (or
Shimma, Raddai), David's own brothers, supported Solomon.
Adonijah was supported by Abiathar, Eli's descendant of
Ithamar's (Aaron's fourth son's) line, the junior line, and
Joab who perhaps had a misgiving as to the possibility of
Solomon's punishing his murder of Abner and Amasa, and a
grudge toward David for having appointed the latter
commander in chief in his stead (2 Samuel 19:13). Adonijah
had also invited to a feast by the stone Zoheleth at En-
rogel all the king's sons except Solomon, and the captains
of the host, the king's servants, of Judah. A meeting for a
religious purpose, such as that of consecrating a king, was
usually held near a fountain, which En-rogel was. Nathan and
Bathsheba foiled his plot by inducing David to have Solomon
conducted in procession on the king's mule to Gihon, a
spring W. of Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 32:30).
Upon his being anointed and proclaimed by Zadok, all
the people hailed him, God save the king! Adonijah's party,
surprised suddenly amidst their feasting, typify sinners'
carnal security, from which the Lord's coming suddenly shall
startle them to their destruction (Matthew 24:48; Luke
12:45; 1 Thessalonians 5:2-3; compare 1 Kings 1:49).
Adonijah, at the tidings announced by Jonathan, Abiathar's
son, fled for sanctuary, to the horns of the altar. Solomon
would have spared him had he shown himself "a worthy man."
But on David's death he, through the queen mother Bathsheba,
now exalted to Special dignity, sought Abishag, David's
virgin widow, to be given him, a contemplated incest only
second to that perpetrated by Absalom, whom he so much
resembled, and also a connection which was regarded in the
East as tantamount to a covert claim to the deceased
monarch's throne. (See ABNER and (See ABSALOM.) Benaiah
2. A Levite in Jehoshaphat's reign (2 Chronicles
17:8), sent with the princes to teach the book of the law
3. Nehemiah 10:16, called Adonikam in Ezra 2:13,
whose children were 666 (compare Revelation 13:18, the
numerical mark of the beast), Revelation 8:13; Nehemiah
7:18; Nehemiah 10:16, but 667 in Nehemiah 7:18.
Adonijah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
the Lord is my master
Adonijah in Naves Topical Bible
1. Son of David and Haggith
2Sa 3:4; 1Ki 1:5,6; 1Ch 3:2
Usurpation of, and downfall
Executed by Solomon
-2. A Levite
Adonijah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(my Lord is Jehovah).
1. The fourth son of David by Haggith, born at
Hebron while his father was king of Judah. 2Sa 3:4 (B.C.
about 1050.) After the death of his three brothers, Amnon,
Chileab and Absalom, he became eldest son; and when his
father's strength was visibly declining, put forward his
pretensions to the crown. Adonijah's cause was espoused by
Abiathar and by Joab the famous commander of David's army.
[JOAB] His name and influence secured a large number of
followers among the captains of the royal army belonging to
the tribe of Judah, comp.
1Ki 1:5 and these, together with all the princes
except Solomon, were entertained by Adonijah at the great
sacrificial feast held "by the stone Zoheleth, which is by
En-rogel." [EN-ROGEL] Apprised of these proceedings, David
immediately caused Solomon to be proclaimed king,
1Ki 1:33,34 at Gihon. [GIHON] This decisive measure
struck terror into the opposite party, and Adonijah fled to
the sanctuary, but was pardoned by Solomon on condition that
he should "show himself a worthy man."
1Ki 1:52 The death of David quickly followed on
these events; and Adonijah begged Bath-sheba to procure
Solomon's consent to his marriage with Abishag, who had been
the wife of David in his old age. 1Ki 1:3 This was regarded
as equivalent to a fresh attempt on the throne [ABSALOM;
ABNER]; and therefore Solomon ordered him to be put to death
2. A Levite in the reign of Jehoshaphat. 2Ch 17:8
3. The same as Adonikam. Ne 10:16 [ADONIKAM]
Adonijah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ad-o-ni'-ja ('adhoniyahu or 'adhoniyah, "my lord is
(1) The son of David and Haggith, the forth of David's sons,
born in Hebron after David became king of Judah, principally
known for his attempt to become king instead of Solomon (2
Sam 3:4; 1 Ch 3:2; 1 Ki 1 and 2). The record gives no
details concerning Chileab, the son of David and Abigail.
Leaving him out, Adonijah was the oldest living son of
David, after the death of Amnon and Absalom.
In treating the record it has been needlessly obscured by
neglecting or distorting the time data. It says that the
rebellion of Absalom broke out "at an end of forty years" (2
Sam 15:7). The natural meaning is not forty years after the
last-mentioned preceding date, but at the close of the
fortieth calendar year of the reign of David. Since David
reigned 40 1/2 years (2 Sam 5:4,5), the close of his
fortieth calendar year was the beginning of has last year.
That the date intended was at the beginning of a vernal year
is confirmed by the references to the season (2 Sam
17:19,28). Instead of giving this number Josephus says that
4 years had elapsed since the last preceding date, which is
very likely correct...
Adonijah in Wikipedia
was the fourth son of King David according to the book of
Samuel (See: 2 Sam. 3:4), which is contained in the Bible.
After the death of his elder brothers Amnon and Absalom, he
became heir-apparent to the throne, but Solomon, a younger
brother, was preferred to him. Adonijah, however, when his
father was dying, caused himself to be proclaimed king. But
the prophet Nathan and Bathsheba induced David to give orders
that Solomon should immediately be proclaimed and admitted to
Adonijah fled and took refuge at the altar, receiving pardon
for his conduct from Solomon on the condition that he showed
himself "a worthy man" (1 Kings 1:5-53). He afterwards made a
second attempt to gain the throne, by trying to marry David's
last woman, Abishag from Shunem, but Solomon denied
authorization for such an engagement, even though Bathsheba
now pleaded on Adonijah's behalf. He was then seized and put
to death (1 Kings 2:13-25).
Adonijah Scripture - 1 Kings 1:13
Go and get thee in unto king David, and say unto him, Didst
not thou, my lord, O king, swear unto thine handmaid, saying,
Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall
sit upon my throne? why then doth Adonijah reign?
Adonijah Scripture - 1 Kings 1:25
For he is gone down this day, and hath slain oxen and fat
cattle and sheep in abundance, and hath called all the king's
sons, and the captains of the host, and Abiathar the priest;
and, behold, they eat and drink before him, and say, God save
Adonijah Scripture - 1 Kings 1:51
And it was told Solomon, saying, Behold, Adonijah feareth
king Solomon: for, lo, he hath caught hold on the horns of the
altar, saying, Let king Solomon swear unto me to day that he
will not slay his servant with the sword.
Adonijah Scripture - 1 Kings 1:9
And Adonijah slew sheep and oxen and fat cattle by the stone
of Zoheleth, which [is] by Enrogel, and called all his
brethren the king's sons, and all the men of Judah the king's
Adonijah Scripture - 1 Kings 2:28
Then tidings came to Joab: for Joab had turned after Adonijah,
though he turned not after Absalom. And Joab fled unto the
tabernacle of the LORD, and caught hold on the horns of the
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