Abimelech in Easton's Bible Dictionary
my father a king, or father of a king, a common name of the
Philistine kings, as "Pharaoh" was of the Egyptian
The Philistine king of Gerar in the time of Abraham
20:1-18). By an interposition of Providence, Sarah
from his harem, and was restored to her husband
Abraham. As a
mark of respect he gave to Abraham valuable gifts,
him a settlement in any part of his country; while
at the same
time he delicately and yet severely rebuked him for
practised a deception upon him in pretending that
Sarah was only
his sister. Among the gifts presented by the king
thousand pieces of silver as a "covering of the
eyes" for Sarah;
i.e., either as an atoning gift and a testimony of
in the sight of all, or rather for the purpose of
veil for Sarah to conceal her beauty, and thus as a
her for not having worn a veil which, as a married
ought to have done. A few years after this Abimelech
Abraham, who had removed southward beyond his
there entered into a league of peace and friendship
This league was the first of which we have any
record. It was
confirmed by a mutual oath at Beer-sheba (Gen.
(2.) A king of Gerar in the time of Isaac, probably
the son of
the preceeding (Gen. 26:1-22). Isaac sought refuge
territory during a famine, and there he acted a part
reference to his wife Rebekah similar to that of his
Abraham with reference to Sarah. Abimelech rebuked
him for the
deception, which he accidentally discovered. Isaac
settled for a
while here, and prospered. Abimelech desired him,
leave his territory, which Isaac did. Abimelech
visited him when he was encamped at Beer-sheba, and
desire to renew the covenant which had been entered
their fathers (Gen. 26:26-31).
(3.) A son of Gideon (Judg. 9:1), who was proclaimed
after the death of his father (Judg. 8:33-9:6). One
of his first
acts was to murder his brothers, seventy in number,
stone," at Ophrah. Only one named Jotham escaped. He
unprincipled, ambitious ruler, often engaged in war
with his own
subjects. When engaged in reducing the town of
Thebez, which had
revolted, he was struck mortally on his head by a
thrown by the hand of a woman from the wall above.
that the wound was mortal, he desired his armour-
thrust him through with his sword, that it might not
be said he
had perished by the hand of a woman (Judg. 9:50-57).
(4.) The son of Abiathar, and high priest in the
time of David
(1 Chr. 18:16). In the parallel passage, 2 Sam.
8:17, we have
the name Ahimelech, and Abiathar, the son of
most authorities consider the more correct reading.
king of Gath, in the title of Ps. 34. (Comp. 1 Sam.
Abimelech in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("father of a king", or "father king".) A common title of many
Philistine kings, as Pharaoh of the Egyptians, and Caesar and
Augustus of the Roman: Padishah (father king) is similarly a
title of the Persian king.
1. Hence, we find Achish called Abimelech in the title of
Psalm 34, which explains the seeming discrepancy of name in 1
2. Genesis 20:1, 1898 B.C.; Hales, 2054 B.C.: the king of
Gerar. Abimelech's taking Sarah into his harem shows that in
those times kings claimed the odious despotic right of taking
unmarried females, whether subjects or sojourners; compare
Genesis 12:15; Esther 2:3. A divine warning that death would
be the penalty of keeping her, but that Abraham's intercession
as a prophet would follow the restoring of her, led him to
give her back with a present of a thousand pieces of silver
(131 British pounds). With delicate sarcasm (in the English
KJV) he reproved Abraham's deception...
Abimelech in Hitchcock's Bible Names
father of the king
Abimelech in Naves Topical Bible
1. King of Gerar
Ge 20; 21:22-32
-2. King of Gerar
-3. Son of Gideon
Jud 8:31; 9; 2Sa 11:21
Abimelech in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(father of the king), the name of several Philistine kings,
was probably a common title of these kings, like that of
Pharaoh among the Egyptians and that of Caesar and Augustus
among the Romans. Hence in the title of Ps 34:1 ... the name
of Abimelech is given to the king, who is called Achish in
1. A Philistine, king of Gerar, Gene 20,21, who,
exercising the right claimed by Eastern princes of
collecting all the beautiful women of their dominions into
their harem, Ge 12:15; Es 2:3 sent for and took Sarah. A
similar account is given of Abraham's conduct of this
occasion to that of his behavior towards Pharaoh. [ABRAHAM]
2. Another king of Gerar int he time of Isaac, of
whom a similar narrative is recorded in relation to Rebekah.
Ge 26:1 etc. (B.C. 1817.)
3. Son of the judge Gideon by his Shechemite
concubine. Jud 8:31 (B.C. 1322-1319.) After his father's
death he murdered all his brethren, 70 in number, with the
exception of Jotham, the youngest, who concealed himself;
and he then persuaded the Shechemites to elect him king.
Shechem now became an independent state. After Abimelech had
reigned three years, the citizens of Shechem rebelled. He
was absent at the time, but he returned and quelled the
insurrection. Shortly after he stormed and took Thebez, but
was struck on the head by a woman with the fragment of a
millstone, comp. 2Sa 11:21 and lest he should be said to
have died by a woman, he bade his armor-bearer slay him.
4. A son of Abiathar. 1Ch 18:16
Abimelech in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
a-bim'-e-lek ('abhimelekh, "father of a king"): A name borne
by five Old Testament persons.
(1) The name of two kings of Philistia; the first was a
contemporary of Abraham, the second, probably son of the
former, was king in the days of Isaac. It is quite possible
that Abimelech was the royal title rather than the personal
name, since in the title of Ps 34 we find it applied to the
king of Gath, elsewhere known by his personal name, Achish
(1 Sam 27:2,3). Shortly after the destruction of Sodom
Abraham journeyed with his herds and flocks into the extreme
Southeast country of Israel (Gen 20). While sojourning at
Gerar, the city of Abimelech, king of the Philistine
country, he made believe that Sarah was his sister (Gen
20:2), and Abimelech took her, intending to make her one of
his wives. But God rebuked him in a dream, besides sending
barrenness on the women of his household (Gen 20:3,17).
After Abimelech had reproved Abraham most justly for the
deception, he dealt generously with him, loading him with
presents and granting him the liberty of the land (Gen
20:14,15). When contention had arisen between the servants
of the two men over the wells of water the two men made a
covenant at a well, which took its name, Beersheba, from
this fact of covenantmaking (Gen 21:31,32)...
Abimelech in Wikipedia
(Hebrew: אֲבִימֶלֶךְ / אֲבִימָלֶךְ, Modern Aviméleḫ / Avimáleḫ Tiberian
ʼĂḇîméleḵ / ʼĂḇîmāleḵ ; "father/leader of a king; my
father/leader, a king") was a common name of the Philistine
Abimelech was most prominently the name of a king of Gerar who
is mentioned in two of the three wife-sister narratives in
Genesis. The Haggada identifies them as separate people, the
second being the first Abimelech's son, and that his original
name was Benmelech ("son of the King") but changed his name to
his father's. At the time of Abimelech, there was an Egyptian
governor of Tyre named Abimilki. They could possibly be the
same person. Abimilki's name appears on the Amarna tablets...
Abimelech Scripture - 2 Samuel 11:21
Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman
cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he
died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy
servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.
Abimelech Scripture - Genesis 20:9
Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast
thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou
hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast
done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.
Abimelech Scripture - Judges 9:28
And Gaal the son of Ebed said, Who [is] Abimelech, and who
[is] Shechem, that we should serve him? [is] not [he] the son
of Jerubbaal? and Zebul his officer? serve the men of Hamor
the father of Shechem: for why should we serve him?
Abimelech Scripture - Judges 9:45
And Abimelech fought against the city all that day; and he
took the city, and slew the people that [was] therein, and
beat down the city, and sowed it with salt.
Abimelech Scripture - Judges 9:50
Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez,
and took it.