Abijah of Judah in Wikipedia
(Hebrew: אבים ʼĂḇiyyām, "father of the sea" or "my father is
the sea" or "my father is Yah"; Greek: Αβιου; Latin: Abias)
was the fourth king of the House of David and the second of
the Kingdom of Judah. He was the son of Rehoboam, the grandson
of Solomon and the great-grandson of David. The Chronicler
refers to him as "Abijah (Hebrew: אביה, "my father is The
LORD"; Greek: Αβια; Latin: Abia).
Abijah became king of Judah in the eighteenth year of the
reign of Jeroboam, and reigned for three years. William F.
Albright has dated his reign to 915 BC – 913 BC, while E. R.
Thiele offers the dates 914/913 – 911/910 BC.  As explained
in the Rehoboam article, Thiele's chronology for the first
kings of Judah contained an internal inconsistency that later
scholars corrected by dating these kings one year earlier, so
that Abijah's dates are taken as 915/914 to 912/911 BC in the
His mother's name was Maacah, or Micaiah, the granddaughter of
the infamous Abishalom (Absalom). Abijah married fourteen
wives, and had 22 sons and 16 daughters.
Abijam in Easton's Bible Dictionary
father of the sea; i.e., "seaman" the name always used in
of the king of Judah, the son of Rehoboam, elsewhere
Abijah (1 Kings 15:1,7,8). (See ABIJAH -T0000036, 5.)
Abijam in Hitchcock's Bible Names
father of the sea
Abijam in Naves Topical Bible
Also called ABIJAH and ABIA
-King of Judah
1Ki 14:31; 15:1; 2Ch 12:16
1Ki 15:1-8; 2Ch 11:22; 13
-Succeeded by Asa
1Ki 15:8; 2Ch 14:1
Abijam in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(my father is Jehovah).
1. Son and successor of Rehoboam on the throne of
Judah. 1Ki 4:21; 2Ch 12:16 He is called ABIJAH in Chronicles,
ABIJAM in Kings. He began to reign B.C. 959, and reigned three
years. He endeavored to recover the kingdom of the Ten Tribes,
and made war on Jeroboam. He was successful in battle, and
took several of the cities of Israel. We are told that he
walked in all the sins of Rehoboam.
2. The second son of Samuel, called ABIAH in our
version. [ABIA, ABIAH, No. 3]
3. Son of Jeroboam I., king of Israel; died in his
childhood. 1Ki 14:1 ...
4. A descendant of Eleazar, who gave his name to the
eighth of the 24 courses into which the priests were divided
by David. 1Ch 24:10; 2Ch 8:14; Ne 12:4,17
5. One of the priests who entered into a covenant with
Nehemiah to walk in God's law, Ne 10:7 unless the name is
rather that of a family, and the same with the preceding.
Abijam in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
a-bi'-jam ('abhiyam, "father of sea," or, "father of west").
The name given in Kings (1 Ki 14:31; 15:1,7,8) to the son of
Rehoboam who succeeded him as king of Judah.
The name has puzzled scholars. Some have proposed, by adding
one letter, to change it into "father of his people." Others
have observed that the Greek rendering in Kings is Abeiou.
Either the Hebrew copy used by the Greek translator read
'abhiyahu, Abijah, or else the translator substituted the
form of the name which was to him more familiar. A few
existing copies of the Hebrew have the reading Abijah, and
Mt 1:7 presupposes that as the Old Testament reading. So
they infer that Abijam in Ki is an erroneous reading for
Abijah. This seems at present to be the prevailing view, and
it is plausible. It would be more convincing, however, if
the name occurred but once in the passage in Kings, instead
of occurring five times. It is improbable that a scribe
would repeat the same error five times within a few
sentences, while a translator, if he changed the name once,
would of course change it the other four times.
Exploration has revealed the fact that the whole region near
the eastern end of the Mediterranean was known as "the
west." "Father of the west" is not an inapt name for
Rehoboam to give to the boy who, he expects, will inherit
the kingdom of Solomon and David. The effect of the
secession of the ten tribes was to make that name a
burlesque, and one does not wonder that it was superseded by
Abijah, "My father is Yahweh."
Willis J. Beecher
Abijam Scripture - 1 Kings 14:31
And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his
fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name [was]
Naamah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead.
Abijam Scripture - 1 Kings 15:1
Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat
reigned Abijam over Judah.
Abijam Scripture - 1 Kings 15:7
Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he did, [are]
they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of
Judah? And there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam.
Abijam Scripture - 1 Kings 15:8
And Abijam slept with his fathers; and they buried him in the
city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead.