Abijah in Easton's Bible Dictionary
father (i.e., "possessor or worshipper") of Jehovah. (1.) 1
7:8. (2.) 1 Chr. 2:24.
(3.) The second son of Samuel (1 Sam. 8:2; 1 Chr.
conduct, along with that of his brother, as a judge
Beer-sheba, to which office his father had appointed
him, led to
popular discontent, and ultimately provoked the
people to demand
a royal form of government.
(4.) A descendant of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, a
chief of one
of the twenty-four orders into which the priesthood
by David (1 Chr. 24:10). The order of Abijah was one
which did not return from the Captivity (Ezra 2:36-
(5.) The son of Rehoboam, whom he succeeded on the
Judah (1 Chr. 3:10). He is also called Abijam (1
15:1-8). He began his three years' reign (2 Chr.
with a strenuous but unsuccessful effort to bring
back the ten
tribes to their allegiance. His address to "Jeroboam
Israel," before encountering them in battle, is
worthy of being
specially noticed (2 Chr. 13:5-12). It was a very
no fewer than 500,000 of the army of Israel having
the field. He is described as having walked "in all
the sins of
his father" (1 Kings 15:3; 2 Chr. 11:20-22). It is
said in 1
Kings 15:2 that "his mother's name was Maachah, the
Abishalom;" but in 2 Chr. 13:2 we read, "his
mother's name was
Michaiah, the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah." The
that Maachah is just a variation of the name
Michaiah, and that
Abishalom is probably the same as Absalom, the son
of David. It
is probable that "Uriel of Gibeah" married Tamar,
of Absalom (2 Sam. 14:27), and by her had Maachah.
"daughter" in 1 Kings 15:2 will thus, as it
does, mean grand-daughter.
(6.) A son of Jeroboam, the first king of Israel. On
of his severe illness when a youth, his father sent
his wife to
consult the prophet Ahijah regarding his recovery.
though blind with old age, knew the wife of Jeroboam
as soon as
she approached, and under a divine impulse he
announced to her
that inasmuch as in Abijah alone of all the house of
there was found "some good thing toward the Lord,"
he only would
come to his grave in peace. As his mother crossed
of the door on her return, the youth died, and "all
mourned for him" (1 Kings 14:1-18).
(7.) The daughter of Zechariah (2 Chr. 29:1; comp.
and afterwards the wife of Ahaz. She is also called
Abi (2 Kings
(8.) One of the sons of Becher, the son of Benjamin
7:8). "Abiah," A.V.
Abijah in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("father of Jehovah," i.e. one whose will is that of God),
or ABIJAM 1 Kings 15:1; 2 Chronicles 13:1 (called Abijah in
Chronicles, not in Kings, because in the former his
character is not represented as contrary to Jah's will, as
it is in the latter; Abia in Matthew 1:7).
1. Son and successor of Rehoboam, king of Judah
(Clinton, 959 s.c.; Hales, 973); in the 18th year of
Jeroboam I of Israel (1 Kings 14:31; 2 Chronicles 12:16). He
endeavored to recover the ten tribes to Judah, and made war
on Jeroboam. His speech on mount Zemaraim in mount Ephraim,
before the battle, urged on Jeroboam the justice of his
cause, that God had given the kingdom to David and his sons
forever "by a covenant of salt," and that Judah had the
regular temple service and priesthood, whereas Israel had
made golden calves their idols, and had cast out the
priests; therefore "fight not ye against the Lord God of
your fathers, for ye shall not prosper" (2 Chronicles 13).
Judah's appeal to God, in a crisis of the battle,
when the enemy by an ambushment was both before and behind
them, brought victory to their side; they took also Bethel,
Jeshanah, and Ephraim. 400,000 men are assigned to Abijah's
army, 800,000 to Jeroboam's, of whom 500,000 fell. Kennicott
thinks the numbers an error of transcribers for 40,000,
80,000, 50,000; and so Abarbanel. Elated by success, he
multiplied his wives, like Solomon, and by his 14 wives had
22 sons and 16 daughters. Prosperity tempted him into the
wickedness which is attributed to him in Kings; men may
boast of temple privileges, yet love carnal practices
(Jeremiah 7:4-5). His reign lasted three years. His mother
was Maachah (1 Kings 15:2), or Michaiah (2 Chronicles 13:2),
doubtless named from her grandmother, Absalom's mother (2
Samuel 3:3). She was daughter of Uriel, of Gibeah, and
granddaughter of Abishalom, or Absalom (1 Chronicles 11:20).
"Daughter" in Scripture often means granddaughter, a
generation being skipped. Abijah thus was descended from
David on both father's and mother's side. Uriel had married
Tamar, Absalom's beautiful daughter (2 Samuel 14:27).
2. Son of Jeroboam I, "in whom alone of Jeroboam's
house some good thing was found toward the Lord God of
Israel" (1 Kings 14:13); therefore, he alone was permitted
to go down to the grave in peace. Jeroboam had sent his wife
in disguise with a present to the prophet (See AHIJAH (see).
Blind with age, he yet knew her and announced the tidings,
sad to her but honoring to her son. So Abijah died, and "all
Israel mourned for him."
3. 1 Chronicles 24:10. Only four returned of the 24
courses of the priesthood, of which Abijah's course was not
one (Ezra 2:36-39; Nehemiah 7:39-42; Nehemiah 12:1). But the
four were divided into the original 24, with the original
names. Hence, Zacharias, father of John the Baptist, is
described as "of the course of Abia" (Luke 1:5).
4. Wife of Ahaz, and mother of good Hezekiah;
perhaps a descendant of the Zechariah slain between the
temple and the altar (2 Chronicles 24:21; 2 Chronicles 26:5;
2 Chronicles 29:1); certainly daughter of Zechariah,
probably the one through whom Uzziah sought God.
Abijah in Hitchcock's Bible Names
the Lord is my father
Abijah in Naves Topical Bible
1. Son of Jeroboam
Abijah in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(my father is Jehovah).
1. Son and successor of Rehoboam on the throne of
Judah. 1Ki 4:21; 2Ch 12:16 He is called ABIJAH in Chronicles,
ABIJAM in Kings. He began to reign B.C. 959, and reigned three
years. He endeavored to recover the kingdom of the Ten Tribes,
and made war on Jeroboam. He was successful in battle, and
took several of the cities of Israel. We are told that he
walked in all the sins of Rehoboam.
2. The second son of Samuel, called ABIAH in our
version. [ABIA, ABIAH, No. 3]
3. Son of Jeroboam I., king of Israel; died in his
childhood. 1Ki 14:1 ...
4. A descendant of Eleazar, who gave his name to the
eighth of the 24 courses into which the priests were divided
by David. 1Ch 24:10; 2Ch 8:14; Ne 12:4,17
5. One of the priests who entered into a covenant with
Nehemiah to walk in God's law, Ne 10:7 unless the name is
rather that of a family, and the same with the preceding.
Abijah in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
a-bi'-ja ('abhiyah or 'abhiyahu (2 Ch 13:20,21), "my father
is Yahweh," or "Yahweh is father"): The name of six or more
men and two women in the Old Testament.
(1) The seventh son of Becher the son of Benjamin (1 Ch
(2) The second son of the prophet Samuel (1 Sam 8:2; 1 Ch
(3) The eighth among "the holy captains and captains of God"
appointed by lot by David in connection with the priestly
courses (1 Ch 24:10). Compare "Zacharias of the course of
Abijah" (Lk 1:5).
(4) A son of Jeroboam I of Israel (1 Ki 14:1-18). The
narrative describes his sickness and his mother's visit to
the prophet Ahijah. He is spoken of as the one member of the
house of Jeroboam in whom there was "found some good thing
toward Yahweh." With his death the hope of the dynasty
(5) The son and successor of Rehoboam king of Judah (1 Ch
3:10; 2 Ch 11:20 through 14:1). As to the variant name
Abijam (1 Ki 14:31; 15:1,7,8) see ABIJAM.
The statements concerning Abijah's mother afford great
opportunity for a person who is interested in finding
discrepancies in the Bible narrative. She is said to have
been Maacah the daughter of Absalom (1 Ki 15:2; 2 Ch
11:20,21,22). As more than 50 years elapsed between the
adolescence of Absalom and the accession of Rehoboam, the
suggestion at once emerges that she may have been Absalom's
daughter in the sense of being his granddaughter. But Maacha
the daughter of Absalom was the mother of Asa, Abijam's son
and successor (1 Ki 15:10,13; 2 Ch 15:16). Further we are
explicitly told that Absalom had three sons and one daughter
(2 Sam 14:27). It is inferred that the three sons died
young, inasmuch as Absalom before his death built him a
monument because he had no son (2 Sam 18:18). The daughter
was distinguished for her beauty, but her name was Tamar,
not Maacah. Finally, the narrative tells us that the name of
Abijah's mother was "Micaiah the daughter of Uriel of
Gibeah" (2 Ch 13:2).
It is less difficult to combine all these statements into a
consistent account than it would be to combine some pairs of
them if taken by themselves. When all put together they make
a luminous narrative, needing no help from conjectural
theories of discrepant sources or textual errors. It is
natural to understand that Tamar the daughter of Absalom
married Uriel of Gibeah; that their daughter was Maacah,
named for her great-grandmother (2 Sam 3:3; 1 Ch 3:2); that
Micaiah is a variant of Maacah, as Abijah is of Abijam.
Maacah married Rehoboam, the parties being second cousins on
the father's side; if they had been first cousins perhaps
they would not have married. Very likely Solomon, through
the marriage, hoped to conciliate an influential party in
Israel which still held the name of Absalom in esteem;
perhaps also he hoped to supplement the moderate abilities
of Rehoboam by the great abilities of his wife. She was a
brilliant woman, and Rehoboam's favorite (2 Ch 11:21). On
Abijah's accession she held at court the influential
position of king's mother; and she was so strong that she
continued to hold it, when, after a brief reign, Abijah was
succeeded by Asa; though it was a position from which Asa
had the authority to depose her (1 Ki 15:13; 2 Ch 15:16).
The account in Chronicles deals mainly with a decisive
victory which, it says, Abijah gained over northern Israel
(2 Ch 13), he having 400,000 men and Jeroboam 800,000, of
whom 500,000 were slain. It is clear that these numbers are
artificial, and were so intended, whatever may be the key to
their meaning. Abijah's speech before the battle presents
the same view of the religious situation which is presented
in Kings and Amos and Hosea, though with fuller priestly
details. The orthodoxy of Abijah on this one occasion is not
in conflict with the representation in Kings that he
followed mainly the evil ways of his father Rehoboam. In
Chronicles coarse luxury and the multiplying of wives are
attributed to both father and son.
(6) A priest of Nehemiah's time, who sealed the covenant
(Neh 10:7). Conjecturally the same with the one mentioned in
(7) The wife of Judah's grandson Hezron, to whom was traced
the origin of Tekoa (1 Ch 2:24).
(8) The mother of King Hezekiah (2 Ch 29:1), called Abi in 2
Abijah in Wikipedia
is a Biblical unisex name meaning Aviya or "my Father is
Yahweh" in Hebrew. In the Old Testament the name Abijah
was borne by several characters:
A son of Becher, the son of Benjamin. (1 Chr. 7:8)
A wife of Hetzron, one of the grandchildren of Judah. (1
The second son of Samuel. (1 Samuel 8:2; 1 Chr. 6:28) His
conduct, along with that of his brother, as a judge in Beer-
sheba, to which office his father had appointed him, led to
popular discontent, and ultimately provoked the people to
demand a royal form of government.
A descendant of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, a chief of one of
the twenty-four orders into which the priesthood was divided
by David (1 Chr. 24:10). The order of Abijah was one of
those which did not return from the Captivity. (Ezra 2:36-
39; Nehemiah 7:39-42; 12:1)
A King of Judah, also known as Abijam, who was son of
Rehoboam and succeeded him on the throne of Judah. (1 Chr.
3:10, Matt. 1:7 , 1 Kings 14:31)
A son of Jeroboam, the first king of Israel. On account of
his severe illness when a youth, his father sent his wife to
consult the prophet Ahijah regarding his recovery. The
prophet, though blind with old age, knew the wife of
Jeroboam as soon as she approached, and under a divine
impulse he announced to her that inasmuch as in Abijah alone
of all the house of Jeroboam there was found "some good
thing toward the Lord," he only would come to his grave in
peace. As his mother crossed the threshold of the door on
her return, the youth died, and "all Israel mourned for
him." (1 Kings 14:1-18)
The daughter of Zechariah (2 Chr. 29:1; compare Isaiah 8:2),
who married King Ahaz of Judah. She is also called Abi. (2
Kings 18:2) She was the mother of King Hezekiah. (2 Chr.
The head of the eighth of the twenty-four courses into which
David divided the priests. (1 Chr. 24:10 , Luke 1:5 )
Abijah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 13:15
Then the men of Judah gave a shout: and as the men of Judah
shouted, it came to pass, that God smote Jeroboam and all
Israel before Abijah and Judah.
Abijah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 13:19
2 Chronicles 13:19 - And Abijah pursued after Jeroboam, and
took cities from him, Bethel with the towns thereof, and
Jeshanah with the towns thereof, and Ephrain with the towns
Abijah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 13:3
And Abijah set the battle in array with an army of valiant men
of war, [even] four hundred thousand chosen men: Jeroboam also
set the battle in array against him with eight hundred
thousand chosen men, [being] mighty men of valour.
Abijah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 13:4
And Abijah stood up upon mount Zemaraim, which [is] in mount
Ephraim, and said, Hear me, thou Jeroboam, and all Israel;
Abijah Scripture - 2 Chronicles 29:1
Hezekiah began to reign [when he was] five and twenty years
old, and he reigned nine and twenty years in Jerusalem. And
his mother's name [was] Abijah, the daughter of Zechariah.