Goliath in Easton's Bible Dictionary
great. (1.) A famous giant of Gath, who for forty days
defied the armies of Israel, but was at length slain
with a stone from a sling (1 Sam. 17:4). He was
descended from the Rephaim who found refuge among
Philistines after they were dispersed by the
2:20, 21). His height was "six cubits and a span,"
the cubit at 21 inches, is equal to 10 1/2 feet.
David cut off
his head (1 Sam. 17:51) and brought it to Jerusalem,
hung the armour which he took from him in his tent.
was preserved at Nob as a religious trophy (21:9).
victory over Goliath was the turning point in his
life. He came
into public notice now as the deliverer of Israel
and the chief
among Saul's men of war (18:5), and the devoted
(2.) In 2 Sam. 21:19 there is another giant of the
mentioned as slain by Elhanan. The staff of his
apear "was like
a weaver's beam." The Authorized Version
interpolates the words
"the brother of" from 1 Chr. 20:5, where this giant
Goliath in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Perhaps a descendant of the old Rephaim, a remnant of whom,
when dispersed by Ammon, took refuge with the Philistines
(Deuteronomy 2:20-21; 2 Samuel 21:22). Hebrew golleh means
"an exile". Simonis derives it from an Arabic root, "stout."
Gath is incidentally mentioned in Samuel as Goliath's city.
Now Moses records the spies' report (Numbers 13:32-33) of
Canaan, "there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which
came of the giants; and we were in our own sight as
grasshoppers." Again in Joshua 11:21-22 it is written,
"Joshua cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron,
... there was none of the Anakims left in the land of
Israel, only in Gath and in Ashdod there remained."
Thus three independent witnesses, Moses, Joshua, and
Samuel, in the most undesigned way confirm the fact that
Goliath was a giant of Gath. His height, six cubits and a
span, would make 9 ft. 2 in. Parisian measure, a height not
unparalleled. But Septuagint and Josephus read four cubits
and a span. His coat of mail, covering chest, back, and
lower parts of the body, was "scale armor," qasqeseth
(compare Leviticus 11:9-10). Keil and Delitzsch for "target
of brass" translated (kidown) "a brazen lance." Goliath
needed no target to cover his back, as this was protected by
the coat of mail. On the scene of battle (See ELAH; on the
battle, etc., (See DAVID and (See ELHANAN.)
Goliath in Hitchcock's Bible Names
passage; revolution; heap
Goliath in Naves Topical Bible
-(A giant champion of Gath)
-Defied armies of Israel and is killed by David
1Sa 17; 21:9; 22:10
2Sa 21:15-22; 1Ch 20:4-8
Goliath in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(splendor), a famous giant of Gath, who "morning and evening
for forty days" defied the armies of Israel. 1Sa 17:1 ...
(B.C. 1063.) He was possibly descended from the old Rephaim
[GIANTS], of whom a scattered remnant took refuge with the
Philistines after their dispersion by the Ammonites.
De 2:20,21; 2Sa 21:22 His height was "six cubits and a
span," which taking the cubit at 21 inches, would make him 10
1/2 feet high. The scene of his combat with David, by whom he
was slain, was the "valley of the terebinth," between Shochoh
and Arekah, probably among the western passes of Benjamin. In
2Sa 21:19 we find that another Goliath of Gath was slain by
Elhanan, also a Bethlehemite.
Goliath in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
go-li'-ath (golyath; Goliath):
(1) The giant of Gath, and champion of the Philistine army
(1 Sam 17:4-23; 21:9; 22:10; 2 Sam 21:19; 1 Ch 20:5 ff). He
defied the armies of Israel, challenging anyone to meet him
in single combat while the two armies faced each other at
Ephesdammim. He was slain by the youthful David. Goliath was
almost certainly not of Philistine blood, but belonged to
one of the races of giants, or aboriginal tribes, such as
the Anakim, Avvim, Rephaim, etc. The Avvim had lived at
Philistia, and most probably the giant was of that race. His
size was most extraordinary. If a cubit was about 21 inches,
he was over 11 feet in height; if about 18 inches, he was
over 9 feet in height. The enormous weight of his armor
would seem to require the larger cubit. This height probably
included his full length in armor, helmet and all. In either
case he is the largest man known to history. His sword was
wielded by David to slay him and afterward carried about in
his wanderings, so it could not have been excessively heavy.
The story of his encounter with David is graphic, and the
boasts of the two champions were perfectly in keeping with
single combats in the Orient.
(2) The Goliath of 2 Sam 21:19 is another person, and quite
probably a son of the first Goliath. He was slain by
Elhanan, one of David's mighty men. The person mentioned in
1 Ch 20:5 is called Lachmi, but this is almost certainly due
to a corruption of the text. "The brother of Goliath" is the
younger Goliath and probably a son of the greater Goliath,
who had four sons, giants, one of them having 24 fingers and
See ELHANAN; LAHMI.
J. J. Reeve
Goliath in Wikipedia
(Hebrew: גָּלְיָת, Modern Golyat Tiberian Golyāṯ; Arabic: جالوت ,
Ǧālūt (Qur’anic term), جليات Ǧulyāt (Christian term)), known
also as Goliath of Gath (one of five city states of the
Philistines), is a figure in the Hebrew bible (Old Testament).
Described as a giant Philistine warrior, he is famous for his
combat with the young David, the future king of Israel. The
battle between them is described in the Hebrew Bible
(Christian Old Testament) and, more briefly, in the Qur'an.
Post-Classical Jewish traditions stressed Goliath’s status as
the representative of paganism, in contrast to David, the
champion of the God of Israel. Christian tradition gave him a
distinctively Christian twist, seeing in David’s battle with
Goliath the Church’s struggle against Satan...
Goliath Scripture - 1 Samuel 21:9
And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine,
whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it [is here]
wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that,
take [it]: for [there is] no other save that here. And David
said, [There is] none like that; give it me.
Goliath Scripture - 1 Samuel 22:10
And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals,
and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
Goliath Scripture - 2 Samuel 21:19
And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines,
where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew
[the brother of] Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear
[was] like a weaver's beam.