Geshem in Easton's Bible Dictionary
or Gashmu, firmness, probably chief of the Arabs south of
Israel, one of the enemies of the Jews after the
Babylon (Neh. 2:19; 6:1, 2). He united with Sanballat
in opposing the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem.
Geshem in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
An Arab who, with Sanballat of Horonaim, and Tobiah the
servant, the Ammonite, opposed Nehemiah in repairing
Jerusalem. (Nehemiah 2:19; Nehemiah 6:1, etc.) Frustrated in
this as well as in the plot against Nehemiah's life. It was
for the interest of the wandering marauders of the frontier of
Israel to prevent its restoration as a kingdom.
Geshem in Naves Topical Bible
Also called GASHMU, an Arabian
-Opposed Nehemiah in building Jerusalem
Ne 2:19; 6:1-6
Geshem in Smiths Bible Dictionary
and Gash'mu (rain), an Arabian, mentioned in Ne 2:19 and Nehe
6:1,2,6 (B.C. 446.) We may conclude that he was an inhabitant
of Arabia Petraea or of the Arabian desert, and probably the
chief of a tribe." Gashum said it" made him a type of those
who create a common report.
Geshem in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ge'-shem (geshem, gashmu; Gesam, "rain storm"): An Arabian,
probably chief of an Arabian tribe that had either settled in
Southern Israel during the exile in Babylon, or had been
settled in or near Samaria by Sargon (Neh 2:19; 6:1,2,6). He
was a confederate of Sanballat and Tobiah, and strenuously
opposed the building of the wall under Nehemiah. He with the
others mocked at the first efforts to build the wall, and
afterward repeatedly sought to entice Nehemiah to the plains
of Ono. The name also occurs in the form Gashmu, perhaps an
Assyrian form of the same name Geshem.
J. J. Reeve
Geshem in Wikipedia
(גשם) is one of the Hebrew words for "rain," applied mostly to
the heavy rains which occur in Israel in the fall and winter.
This half of the year is called in the Mishnah "yemot ha-
geshamin" (days of rains). In the liturgy of the German-Polish
ritual "Geshem" stands for the piyyuṭim which in the Mussaf or
additional service for the Eighth Festival Day (Shemini
Aẓeret) are read and sung as an introduction to the first
mention of the "powers of rain," i.e., the words "He causeth
the wind to blow and the rain to descend."
"Geshem" corresponds to the "Tal" (Dew) occurring in the
liturgy for the first day of the Passover, when the above-
quoted passage is omitted as being inapplicable to spring and
summer. These piyyuṭim end with an invocation in six stanzas,
each of which closes either with "for his sake do not withhold
water!" or with "through his merit favor the outflow of
water!" the merits of the Patriarchs, of Moses, of Aaron, and
of the twelve tribes crossing the Red Sea being successively
Geshem - used as a male first name - was a Nabatean leader who
opposed Nehemiah (6 ) in the reconstruction of Jerusalem...
Geshem Scripture - Nehemiah 2:19
But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the
Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard [it], they laughed us
to scorn, and despised us, and said, What [is] this thing that
ye do? will ye rebel against the king?
Geshem Scripture - Nehemiah 6:1
Now it came to pass, when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and Geshem
the Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had
builded the wall, and [that] there was no breach left therein;
(though at that time I had not set up the doors upon the
Geshem Scripture - Nehemiah 6:2
That Sanballat and Geshem sent unto me, saying, Come, let us
meet together in [some one of] the villages in the plain of
Ono. But they thought to do me mischief.