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    Geshem in Easton's Bible Dictionary or Gashmu, firmness, probably chief of the Arabs south of Israel, one of the enemies of the Jews after the return from Babylon (Neh. 2:19; 6:1, 2). He united with Sanballat and Tobiah in opposing the rebuilding of the wall of Jerusalem.

    Geshem in Fausset's Bible Dictionary An Arab who, with Sanballat of Horonaim, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, opposed Nehemiah in repairing Jerusalem. (Nehemiah 2:19; Nehemiah 6:1, etc.) Frustrated in this as well as in the plot against Nehemiah's life. It was for the interest of the wandering marauders of the frontier of Israel to prevent its restoration as a kingdom.

    Geshem in Naves Topical Bible Also called GASHMU, an Arabian -Opposed Nehemiah in building Jerusalem Ne 2:19; 6:1-6

    Geshem in Smiths Bible Dictionary and Gash'mu (rain), an Arabian, mentioned in Ne 2:19 and Nehe 6:1,2,6 (B.C. 446.) We may conclude that he was an inhabitant of Arabia Petraea or of the Arabian desert, and probably the chief of a tribe." Gashum said it" made him a type of those who create a common report.

    Geshem in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE ge'-shem (geshem, gashmu; Gesam, "rain storm"): An Arabian, probably chief of an Arabian tribe that had either settled in Southern Israel during the exile in Babylon, or had been settled in or near Samaria by Sargon (Neh 2:19; 6:1,2,6). He was a confederate of Sanballat and Tobiah, and strenuously opposed the building of the wall under Nehemiah. He with the others mocked at the first efforts to build the wall, and afterward repeatedly sought to entice Nehemiah to the plains of Ono. The name also occurs in the form Gashmu, perhaps an Assyrian form of the same name Geshem. J. J. Reeve

    Geshem in Wikipedia (גשם) is one of the Hebrew words for "rain," applied mostly to the heavy rains which occur in Israel in the fall and winter. This half of the year is called in the Mishnah "yemot ha- geshamin" (days of rains). In the liturgy of the German-Polish ritual "Geshem" stands for the piyyuṭim which in the Mussaf or additional service for the Eighth Festival Day (Shemini Aẓeret) are read and sung as an introduction to the first mention of the "powers of rain," i.e., the words "He causeth the wind to blow and the rain to descend." "Geshem" corresponds to the "Tal" (Dew) occurring in the liturgy for the first day of the Passover, when the above- quoted passage is omitted as being inapplicable to spring and summer. These piyyuṭim end with an invocation in six stanzas, each of which closes either with "for his sake do not withhold water!" or with "through his merit favor the outflow of water!" the merits of the Patriarchs, of Moses, of Aaron, and of the twelve tribes crossing the Red Sea being successively referred to. Geshem - used as a male first name - was a Nabatean leader who opposed Nehemiah (6 ) in the reconstruction of Jerusalem...

    Geshem Scripture - Nehemiah 2:19 But when Sanballat the Horonite, and Tobiah the servant, the Ammonite, and Geshem the Arabian, heard [it], they laughed us to scorn, and despised us, and said, What [is] this thing that ye do? will ye rebel against the king?

    Geshem Scripture - Nehemiah 6:1 Now it came to pass, when Sanballat, and Tobiah, and Geshem the Arabian, and the rest of our enemies, heard that I had builded the wall, and [that] there was no breach left therein; (though at that time I had not set up the doors upon the gates;)

    Geshem Scripture - Nehemiah 6:2 That Sanballat and Geshem sent unto me, saying, Come, let us meet together in [some one of] the villages in the plain of Ono. But they thought to do me mischief.