Gershon in Easton's Bible Dictionary
=Ger'shom expulsion, the eldest of Levi's three sons (Gen.
46:11; Ex. 6:16).
In the wilderness the sons of Gershon had charge of
fabrics of the tabernacle when it was moved from place
the curtains, veils, tent-hangings (Num. 3: 21-26).
Levitical cities fell to the lot of the Gershonites
Gershon in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Oldest of Levi's three sons, born apparently before Jacob's
going down to Egypt (Genesis 46:11). Kohath and his
descendants Moses and Aaron's priestly line eclipsed
Gershon's line. Gershon's sons were Libni and Shimei (1
Chronicles 6:17; 1 Chronicles 6:20-21; 1 Chronicles 6:39-
43). Some of his descendants took part in the service of the
sanctuary (1 Chronicles 23:7-11). Asaph, the famous sacred
singer and seer, was one of them. Compare also under
Hezekiah (2 Chronicles 29:12). At the Sinai census the males
of the sons of Gershon were 7500 (Numbers 3:21-22). The
serving men were 2,630 (Numbers 4:38-41). They had charge of
the tabernacle, tent, covering, hangings, curtain of the
door, and cords (Numbers 3:25-26; Numbers 4:25-26). They had
two covered wagons and four oxen for the service (Numbers
7:3; Numbers 7:7-8).
The Merarites had twice as many wagons and oxen. The
reason for this unequal division is not expressed; but on
turning to Numbers 2 the reason undesignedly appears (an
unstudied propriety attesting the truth of the narrative);
the Gershonites had the lighter parts to bear, the
"curtains," "tabernacle," i.e. the mishkan or great woven
cloth consisting of ten breadths, the "tent" of goats' hair
cloth, and the "covering" of rams' skins, and badgers
(tachash) skins, the hangings and their cords.
frontBADGERS.) But the Merarites had the heavier and more
solid framework to bear, the boards, bars, pillars, sockets,
pins, their cords and instruments. Their station was "behind
the tabernacle westward" (Numbers 3:23); on march they were
in the rear of the first three tribes. Thirteen of the
Levitical cities were allotted to them; all in the northern
tribes, two of them cities of refuge (Joshua 21:27-33; 1
Chronicles 6:62; 1 Chronicles 6:71-76).
Gershon in Hitchcock's Bible Names
his banishment; the change of pilgrimage
Gershon in Naves Topical Bible
-Also called GERSHOM
-Son of Levi
Ge 46:11; Ex 6:16,17; Nu 3:17-26; 4:22-28,38; 7:7;
26:57; Jos 21:6; 1Ch 6:1,16,17,20,43,62,71; 15:7; 23:6
Gershon in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(exile). The eldest of the three sons of Levi, born before the
descent of Jacob's family into Egypt. Ge 46:11; Ex 6:16 (B.C.
before 1706.) But, though the eldest born, the families of
Gershon were outstripped in fame by their younger brethren of
Kohath, from whom sprang Moses and the priestly line of Aaron.
Gershon in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
gur'-shon, gur'-shon-its (gereshon, written also gereshom):
Firstborn of the 3 sons of Levi (Ex 6:16; Nu 3:17; 1 Ch
6:1,16 m; 23:6). He had two sons, Libni, also known as Ladan
(1 Ch 23:7; 26:21), and Shimei (Ex 6:17; Nu 3:18; 1 Ch
6:17,20), and consequently two groups of descendants,
enumerated in the census taken in the Wilderness of Sinai
(Nu 3:21 ff) and that in the Plains of Moab (Nu 26:57). In
the distribution of functions among the Levites, the
Gershonites were charged with the carrying of the curtains,
coverings, screens, hangings, cords and instruments of the
tabernacle and the tent of meeting on the journeys in the
wilderness, under the supervision of Ithamar the son of
Aaron. Their function was thus more exalted than that of the
Merarites, who carried the boards, and less so than that of
the Kohathites, who carried the most holy utensils and
symbols. The Gershonites were given two wagons with four
oxen--half as many as the Merarites, according to their
service (Nu 7:7). Thirteen cities were assigned to the
Gershonites in Northern Israel by Eleazar and Joshua (Josh
21:6,27-33 parallel 1 Ch 6:62,71-76).
Among the Gershonites who achieved distinction in later
Biblical times was the family of Asaph, the singers from the
time of David to the days of the Second Temple (1 Ch 6:31-
47; 25:1-7; 15:7,17,19; 16:5,7; 2 Ch 25:15; Ezr 2:41; 3:10;
Neh 11:17,22; 12:35; 1 Ch 9:15). Other Gershonites named are
the heads of the fathers' houses in the days of David in
connection with the dividing of the Levites into courses (1
Ch 23:7-11); the superintendents of the treasuries of the
house of the Lord of the same time (1 Ch 26:21,22; 29:8);
and, finally, Gershonites are mentioned among those who
cleansed the house of the Lord in the days of Hezekiah (2 Ch
Ella Davis Isaacs
Gershon in Wikipedia
According to the Torah, Gershon (Hebrew: גרשון) was the
eldest of the sons of Levi, and the patriarchal founder
of the Gershonites, one of the four main divisions among the
Levites in biblical times. The Gershonites were charged with
the care of the outer tabernacle including components such
as the tent and its covering, screens, doors, and hangings.
Biblical scholars regard the name as being essentially the
same as "Gershom" (Hebrew: גֵּרְשֹׁם, Modern Gerəšom Tiberian
Gērəšōm), which appears to mean "a sojourner there" (גר
שם), and it is Gershom rather than Gershon who is sometimes
listed in the Book of Chronicles as a founder of one of the
principal Levite factions. The Torah names Gershon's sons
as Libni and Shimei.
Textual scholars attribute the genealogy to the Book of
Generations, a document originating from a religiopolitical
group similar to that behind the Priestly source, and at a
similar date. According to biblical scholars, the Torah's
genealogy for Levi's descendants is actually an aetiological
myth reflecting the fact that there were four different
groups among the Levites-the Gershonites, the Kohathites,
the Merarites, and the Aaronids. In these scholars'
view, Levite was originally just a job title, deriving from
the Minaean word lawi'u, meaning "priest", rather than the
name of a tribe...
Gershon Scripture - Joshua 21:6
And the children of Gershon [had] by lot out of the families
of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and
out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the half tribe of
Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities.
Gershon Scripture - Numbers 10:17
And the tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and
the sons of Merari set forward, bearing the tabernacle.
Gershon Scripture - Numbers 3:25
And the charge of the sons of Gershon in the tabernacle of the
congregation [shall be] the tabernacle, and the tent, the
covering thereof, and the hanging for the door of the
tabernacle of the congregation,