Eliakim in Easton's Bible Dictionary
whom God will raise up. (1.) The son of Melea (Luke 3:30), and
probably grandson of Nathan.
(2.) The son of Abiud, of the posterity of Zerubbabel
(3.) The son of Hilkiah, who was sent to receive the
of the invading Assyrians and report it to Isaiah (2
18:18; 19:2; Isa. 36:3; 37:2). In his office as
governor of the
palace of Hezekiah he succeeded Shebna (Isa. 22:15-
25). He was a
good man (Isa. 22:20; 2 Kings 18:37), and had a
(4.) The original name of Jehoiakim, king of Judah (2
23:34). He was the son of Josiah.
Eliakim in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Hilkiah's son, over Hezekiah's household (Isaiah 36:3).
As Joseph over Pharaoh's palace, Azrikam "governor of Ahaz'
house" (2 Chronicles 28:7); chamberlain, treasurer, prefect
of the palace (Genesis 41:40), chief minister. Successor of
Shebna, whose deposition for his pride was foretold (Isaiah
22:15-20). Elevated at the time of the Assyrian invasion as
the one most adapted to meet such a crisis. Same as Azariah
son of Hilkiah (1 Chronicles 6:13); the same man often
bearing two names (Kimchi). God calls him "My servant": a
pious patriot (compare 2 Kings 18:37; 2 Kings 19:1-5). A
"father to (counseling, befriending, and defending) the
inhabitants of Jerusalem and to the inhabitants of Judah."
Type of Messiah: "the key of the house of David will
I lay upon his shoulder (the key hung from the kerchief on
the shoulder as emblem of his office, or figuratively for
sustaining the government on his shoulder); so he shall open
and none shall shut:, and he shall shut and none shall
open;" i.e., all access to the royal house shall be through
him. Antitypically, "the government shall be upon Messiah's
shoulder" (Isaiah 9:6; Isaiah 22:22); He shuts or opens at
will the access to the heavenly mansion (Revelation 3:7), He
has the keys also of hell (the grave) and death (Revelation
As Eliakim supplanted Shebna, so Christ the Heir of
David's throne shall supplant all the stewards who abuse
their trust in God's spiritual house, the church and the
world (hereafter to become coextensive with the church):
Hebrews 3:2-6. For the rest of Isaiah's imagery as to
Eliakim, (See NAIL; SHEBNA, when degraded, was "scribe"
(i.e. secretary, remembrancer, keeping the king informed on
important facts, historiographer) under Eliakim (2 Kings
18:37), who became "treasurer," or as Hebrew coken (Isaiah
22:15) from caakan, "to dwell" means, intimate friend of the
king, dwelling on familiar terms, and "steward of the
provisions" (compare 1 Chronicles 27:33).
2. King JEHOIAKIM'S original name.
3. Nehemiah 12:41.
4. Luke 3:26; Matthew 1:13.
5. Luke 3:30-31.
Eliakim in Hitchcock's Bible Names
resurrection of God
Eliakim in Naves Topical Bible
1. Son of Melea
-2. Son of Hilkiah, deputy of Hezekiah
2Ki 18:18; 19:2; Isa 36:3,11,22; 37:2
-3. Original name of Jehoiakim, king of Judah
2Ki 23:34; 2Ch 36:4
-4. Son of Abiud
Probably same as SHECHANIAH
-5. A priest
Eliakim in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(raised up by God.).
1. Son of Hilkiah, master of Hezekiah's household
("over the house," as) Isa 36:3 2Ki 18:18,26,37 (B.C. 713.)
Eliakim was a good man, as appears by the title emphatically
applied to him by God, "my servant Eliakim," Isa 22:20 and
also in the discharge of the duties of his high station, in
which he acted as a "father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem,
and to the house of Judah." Isa 22:21
2. The original name of Jehoiakim king of Judah. 2Ki
23:34; 2Ch 36:4
3. A priest in the days of Nehemiah, who assisted at
the dedication of the new wall of Jerusalem. Ne 12:41 (B.C.
4. Eldest son of Abiud or Judah; brother of Joseph,
and father of Azor. Mt 1:13
5. son of Melea, and father of Jonan. Lu 3:30,31
Eliakim in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
e-li'-a-kim ('elyaqim; Eliakeim, "God sets up"):
(1) The son of Hilkiah who succeeded Shebna as gorvernor of
the palace and "grand vizier" under Hezekiah (Isa 22:20).
The functions of his office are seen from the oracle of
Isaiah in which Shebna is deposed and Eliakim set in his
place (Isa 22:15 ff). He is the "treasurer" (the Revised
Version, margin "steward"), and is "over the house" (Isa
22:15). At his installation he is clothed with a robe and
girdle, the insignia of his office, and, having the
government committed into his hand, is the "father to the
inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah" (Isa
22:21). The key of the house of David is laid on his
shoulder, and he alone has power to open and shut, this
being symbolic of his absolute authority as the king's
representative (Isa 22:22).
One of Solomon's officials is the first mentioned as
occupying this position (1 Ki 4:6), and this office was
continued in both the Northern and Southern Kingdom (1 Ki
16:9; 18:3; 2 Ki 10:5; 15:5). Its importance is seen from
the fact that after Azariah was smitten with leprosy, Jotham
his heir "was over the household, judging the people of the
land" (2 Ki 15:5).
When Sennacherib sent an army against Jerusalem in 701,
Eliskim was one of these Jewish princes who held on behalf
of Hezekiah a parley with the Assyrian officers (2 Ki
18:18,26,37; Isa 36:3,11,22). As a result of the invader's
threats, he was sent by Hezekiah in sackcloth to Isaiah,
entreating his prayers to Yahweh on behalf of Jerusalem (2
Ki 19:2; Isa 37:2).
(2) The original name of Jehoiakim, the son of Josiah, whom
Pharaoh-necoh made king of Judah (2 Ki 23:34; 2 Ch 36:4).
(3) A priest who assisted at the dedication of the wall of
Jerusalem, rebuilt after his return from Babylon (Neh
(4) A grandson of Zerubbabel and ancestor of Jesus (Mt
(5) An ancestor of Jesus (Lk 3:30).
Eliakim Scripture - 2 Chronicles 36:4
And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah
and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho
took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt.
Eliakim Scripture - 2 Kings 18:26
Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah,
unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the
Syrian language; for we understand [it]: and talk not with us
in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that [are] on
Eliakim Scripture - Isaiah 36:11
Then said Eliakim and Shebna and Joah unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I
pray thee, unto thy servants in the Syrian language; for we
understand [it]: and speak not to us in the Jews' language, in
the ears of the people that [are] on the wall.