Eldad and Medad in Wikipedia
are mentioned in the Book of Numbers, and are described as
having prophesied among the Israelites, despite the fact that
they had remained in the camp, while 70 elders had gone to the
tabernacle outside the camp to receive the ability to prophecy
from God. According to the narrative, Joshua asked Moses to
forbid Eldad and Medad from prophecy, but Moses argued that it
was a good thing that others could prophesy, and that ideally
all the Israelites would prophesy.
In rabbinical tradition, Eldad and Medad are said to have
predicted a war with Gog and Magog, with the king from Magog
uniting the non-Jews and launching war in Palestine against
the Jews, but these non-Jews being defeated and slain by fire
from God's throne. Some classical rabbinical literature
argues that the non-Jews would be at the mercy of the Jewish
Messiah; such Messianic connections of Eldad and Medad also
circulated among early Christian groups, and a particularly
popular discussion of such prophecy was even quoted in the
deutero- canonical Shepherd of Hermas...
Eldad in Easton's Bible Dictionary
whom God has loved, one of the seventy elders whom Moses
appointed (Num. 11:26, 27) to administer justice among
people. He, with Medad, prophesied in the camp instead
with the rest to the tabernacle, as Moses had
incident was announced to Moses by Joshua, who thought
conduct in this respect irregular. Moses replied,
for my sake? would God that all the Lord's people were
(Num. 11:24-30; comp. Mark 9:38; Luke 9:49).
Eldad in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
ELDAD ("loved of God") and Medad. Two of the 70 elders to
whom the Spirit was imparted, in order to share. Moses'
burden of responsibility. Though "they were of them that
were written" in Moses' list (implying that the 70 were
permanently appointed) they did not go with the rest to the
tabernacle, but prophesied in the camp (Numbers 11:26).
Forster however trans. "they were among the inscriptions,"
i.e. occupied in directing the records of the exode at
Sarbut el Khadem at the entrance to Wady Maghara and
Mokatteb. The context favors KJV When "the (so Hebrew for a)
young man" reported it at the tabernacle, and Joshua begged
Moses to forbid them, he refused saying, "enviest thou for
my sake? Would God that all the Lord's people were
prophets," etc. So, Jesus' disciples were jealous for His
honor, but were reproved by Moses' Antitype (Mark 9:38-39),
For "and did not cease," Numbers 11:25, trans. wilo' yasphu
"and did not add," as Septuagint, i.e. they did not continue
Not that the Spirit departed from them, but having
given this palpable sample to the nation of their Spirit-
attested mission, they for the time ceased to give further
spiritual demonstrations, their office being executive
administration not prophecy. Not foretelling the future is
meant, but ecstatic impulse by the Spirit, giving them
wisdom and utterance; as the disciples on Pentecost received
the gift of tongues and of prophecy, i.e. the power of
inspired speaking. They probably declared God's will in
extempore hymns of praise; so Saul, 1 Samuel 10:11. The
Jews' tradition was that all prophetic inspiration emanated
from Moses originally. In the sense only that Moses'
Pentateuch is the basis of all subsequent prophecy, the
psalms and the prophets, it is true. It was "of the Spirit
that was upon Moses" that "God gave unto the 70 elders." The
diffusion of the spirit of prophecy, no longer limited to
Moses, and its separation from the tabernacle service, led
to the establishment of the "schools of the prophets."
Moses, like the true "servant" of God (Hebrew 3),
not seeking his own but God's glory, and the extension of
His kingdom, rejoiced at what provoked the jealousy of his
followers. The 70 elders appointed by Jethro's advice at
Sinai (Exodus 18) to help Moses in judging are distinct from
the 70 here endowed with the Spirit to help hint as his
executive court, to govern the rebellious people, and
establish his authority, shaken by the people's murmurings
against Jehovah and himself because of the want of flesh.
The number 70 symbolically represented the elect nation, the
sacred number for perfection, 7, being raised to tens, the
world number. Accordingly, it was our Lord's number for the
disciples sent two by two before His face (Luke 10:1).
Eldad in Hitchcock's Bible Names
favored of God; love of God
Eldad in Naves Topical Bible
Prophesies in the camp of the Israelites
Eldad in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(favored of God) and Me'dad (love), two of the seventy elders
to whom was communicated the prophetic power of Moses. Nu
11:16,26 (B.C. 1490.) Although their names were upon the last
which Moses had drawn up, Nu 11:26 they did not repair with
the rest of their brethren to the tabernacle, but continued to
prophesy in the camp. moses, being requested by Joshua to
forbid this, refused to do so, and expressed a wish that the
gift of prophecy might be diffused throughout the people.
Eldad in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
el'-dad ('eldadh, "God has loved"): One of the 70 elders
chosen by Moses at the command of Yahweh to share "the burden
of the people" (Nu 11:16-25). Eldad and his companion Medad
were not present with the rest at the tent of meeting, yet the
Spirit rested also upon them and they prophesied in the camp
Eldad Scripture - Numbers 11:26
But there remained two [of the] men in the camp, the name of
the one [was] Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the
spirit rested upon them; and they [were] of them that were
written, but went not out unto the tabernacle: and they
prophesied in the camp.
Eldad Scripture - Numbers 11:27
And there ran a young man, and told Moses, and said, Eldad and
Medad do prophesy in the camp.