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    Elam in Easton's Bible Dictionary highland, the son of Shem (Gen. 10:22), and the name of the country inhabited by his descendants (14:1, 9; Isa. 11:11; 21:2, etc.) lying to the east of Babylonia, and extending to the shore of the Mediterranean, a distance in a direct line of about 1,000 miles. The name Elam is an Assyrian word meaning "high." "The inhabitants of Elam, or 'the Highlands,' to the east of Babylon, were called Elamites. They were divided into several branches, speaking different dialects of the same agglutinative language. The race to which they belonged was brachycephalic, or short-headed, like the pre-Semitic Sumerians of Babylonia. "The earliest Elamite kingdom seems to have been that of Anzan, the exact site of which is uncertain; but in the time of Abraham, Shushan or Susa appears to have already become the capital of the country. Babylonia was frequently invaded by the Elamite kings, who at times asserted their supremacy over it (as in the case of Chedorlaomer, the Kudur-Lagamar, or 'servant of the goddess Lagamar,' of the cuneiform texts). "The later Assyrian monarchs made several campaigns against Elam, and finally Assur-bani-pal (about B.C. 650) succeeded in conquering the country, which was ravaged with fire and sword. On the fall of the Assyrian Empire, Elam passed into the hands of the Persians" (A.H. Sayce). This country was called by the Greeks Cissia or Susiana.

    Elam in Fausset's Bible Dictionary 1. Son of Shem (Genesis 10:22). The name is Semitic. The Elamites gave their name to Elymais, the region on the left or E. bank of the Tigris, opposite Babylonia, between it on the W. and Persia proper on the E., and S.W. of Media. The region is also named Susiana or Susis from its capital Susa, called Shushah in Daniel 8:2, where Nehemiah (Nehemiah 1:1) waited on king Artaxerxes, and where Ahasuerus (Xerxes) held his court in Esther's (Esther 1:2; Esther 2:5) time. Daniel mentions the river Ulai near, i.e. the Greek Euloeus. From Darius Hystaspes' time to Alexander the Great it was the Persian king's court residence. Chedorlaomer who invaded Israel in Abraham's time (Genesis 14) was king of Elam, and then lord paramount over Amraphel, king of Shinar (Babylonia) on its confines. (See CHEDORLAOMER.) This Elamitic supremacy was of short duration. The Kissinns or Cossaeans (Cushites?) subsequently to the Elamites subjugated Elam and called it Kissia (Herodotus, 3:91; 5:49). The Greek traditions of Memnon and his Ethiopian bands rest on this subjugation, the Kissians of Elam being connected with the Cushite inhabitants of the upper valley of the Nile. The two races remained separate to the time Of Strabo (compare Ezra 4:9). Discoveries in Elam prove Susa one of the oldest cities in the East and its monarchs quasiindependent, while acknowledging Assyria's and Babylon's successive supremacy. Occasionally, for a time, it maintained its complete independence. It was a province of Babylonia from Nebuchadnezzar's time (Daniel 8:2). Its conquest by him is probably foretold in Jeremiah 49:30-34; Ezekiel 32:24-25. It had helped him against Judaea; hence God dealt retributively its punishment by him with whom it bad transgressed. Its bowmen were famed (Isaiah 22:6); so God says, "I will break the bow of Elam." After scattering them God saith, "in the latter days I will bring again the captivity of Elam," namely, in the coming restitution of all things by Messiah, an earnest of which was given in that Elamites were on Pentecost among the first who heard and accepted the gospel (Acts 2:9). Elam took part in destroying Babylon, on Cyrus' advance probably joining him in the assault (Isaiah 21:2). Elam became a satrapy of the Persian empire, furnishing 300 talents as annual tribute (Herodotus, 3:91). Susa, its capital, became capital of the empire and the court residence. Nevertheless it was the scene of the Magian revolution, and twice revolted under Darius Hystaspes (Behistun Inscription). 2. A Korhite Levite, one of the sons of Asaph in David's time (1 Chronicles 26:3). 3. A Benjamite chief, one of Shashak's sons (1 Chronicles 8:24). 4. Children of Elam, 1,254, returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon (Ezra 2:7; Nehemiah 7:12). Seventy-one more accompanied Ezra and the second caravan (Ezra 8:7). Shechaniah, one of them, seconded Ezra's confession of sin, especially as to marriages with aliens, pleaded the people's guilt, and proposed a covenant to put away those wives; six of the sons of Elam accordingly did so (Ezra 10:2; Ezra 10:26). 5. Another Elam, of whose sons also the same number returned, is mentioned (Ezra 2:31; Nehemiah 7:34). 6. A priest who accompanied Nehemiah in dedicating the wall (Nehemiah 12:42).

    Elam in Hitchcock's Bible Names a young man; a virgin; a secret

    Elam in Naves Topical Bible 1. A district southeast of Babylon, on Persian Gulf Ge 14:1,9; Da 8:2 Prophecies concerning Isa 11:11 Jews from Ac 2:9 See ELAMITES -2. A Korhite Levite 1Ch 26:3 -3. A Benjamite chief 1Ch 8:24 -4. Designated as "the other Elam," Ezr 2:31; Ne 7:34 -5. A Jewish captive, whose descendants, to the number of One-thousand two-hundred and fifty-four returned from Babylon Ezr 2:7; 8:7; Ne 7:12 -6. A Levite musician Ne 12:42 -7. One of the Israelitish chiefs with Nehemiah Ne 10:14

    Elam in Smiths Bible Dictionary (eternity). 1. This seems to have been originally the name of a man, the son of Shem. Ge 10:22; 1Ch 1:17 Commonly, however, it is used as the appellation of a country. Ge 14:1,9; Isa 11:11; 21:2 The Elam of Scripture appears to be the province lying south of Assyria and east of Persia proper, to which Herodotus gives the name of Cissia (iii. 91, v. 49, etc.), and which is termed Susis or Susiana by the geographers. Its capital was Susa. This country was originally people by descendants of Shem. By the time of Abraham a very important power had been built up in the same region. It is plain that at this early time the predominant power in lower Mesopotamia was Elam, which for a while held the place possessed earlier by Babylon, Ge 10:10 and later by either Babylon or Assyria. 2. A Korhite Levite in the time of King David. 1Ch 26:3 (B.C. 1014.) 3. A chief man of the tribe of Benjamin. 1Ch 8:24 4. "Children of Elam," to the number of 1254, returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon. Ezr 2:7; Ne 7:12 1Esd. 5:12. (B.C. 536 or before.) Elam occurs amongst the names of the chief of the people who signed the covenant with Nehemiah. Ne 10:14 5. In the same lists is a second Elam, whose sons, to the same number as in the former case, returned with Zerubbabel, Ezr 2:31; Ne 7:34 and which for the sake of distinction is called "the other Elam." 6. One of the priests who accompanied Nehemiah at the dedication of the new wall of Jerusalem. Ne 12:42

    Elam in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE e'-lam (`elam): (1) A son of Shem (Gen 10:22; 1 Ch 1:17; see ELAMITES). (2) A Benjamite (1 Ch 8:24). (3) A Korahite (1 Ch 26:3). (4) Heads of families in the return (Ezr 2:7 parallel Neh 7:12; Ezr 2:31 parallel Neh 7:34; Ezr 8:7; 10:2,26). (5) A chief of the people (Neh 10:14). (6) A priest (Neh 12:42).

    Elam in Wikipedia was an ancient civilization located in what is now southwest Iran. Elam was centered in the far west and the southwest of modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of Khuzestan and Ilam Province, as well as a small part of southern Iraq. Situated just to the east of Mesopotamia, Elam was part of the early urbanization during the Chalcolithic. The emergence of written records from around 3000 BC also parallels Mesopotamian history. In the Old Elamite period (Middle Bronze Age), Elam consisted of kingdoms on the Iranian plateau, centered in Anshan, and from the mid-2nd millennium BC, it was centered in Susa in the Khuzestan lowlands. Its culture played a crucial role in the Gutian Empire, especially during the Achaemenid dynasty that succeeded it, when the Elamite language remained among those in official use...

    Elam Scripture - Ezekiel 32:24 There [is] Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit.

    Elam Scripture - Genesis 14:9 With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.

    Elam Scripture - Jeremiah 25:25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of the Medes,