Elam in Easton's Bible Dictionary
highland, the son of Shem (Gen. 10:22), and the name of the
country inhabited by his descendants (14:1, 9; Isa.
etc.) lying to the east of Babylonia, and extending
to the shore
of the Mediterranean, a distance in a direct line of
miles. The name Elam is an Assyrian word meaning
"The inhabitants of Elam, or 'the Highlands,' to the
Babylon, were called Elamites. They were divided
branches, speaking different dialects of the same
language. The race to which they belonged was
short-headed, like the pre-Semitic Sumerians of
"The earliest Elamite kingdom seems to have been
Anzan, the exact site of which is uncertain; but in
the time of
Abraham, Shushan or Susa appears to have already
capital of the country. Babylonia was frequently
invaded by the
Elamite kings, who at times asserted their supremacy
over it (as
in the case of Chedorlaomer, the Kudur-Lagamar, or
the goddess Lagamar,' of the cuneiform texts).
"The later Assyrian monarchs made several campaigns
Elam, and finally Assur-bani-pal (about B.C. 650)
conquering the country, which was ravaged with fire
On the fall of the Assyrian Empire, Elam passed into
of the Persians" (A.H. Sayce).
This country was called by the Greeks Cissia or
Elam in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Son of Shem (Genesis 10:22). The name is Semitic. The
Elamites gave their name to Elymais, the region on the left
or E. bank of the Tigris, opposite Babylonia, between it on
the W. and Persia proper on the E., and S.W. of Media. The
region is also named Susiana or Susis from its capital Susa,
called Shushah in Daniel 8:2, where Nehemiah (Nehemiah 1:1)
waited on king Artaxerxes, and where Ahasuerus (Xerxes) held
his court in Esther's (Esther 1:2; Esther 2:5) time. Daniel
mentions the river Ulai near, i.e. the Greek Euloeus. From
Darius Hystaspes' time to Alexander the Great it was the
Persian king's court residence. Chedorlaomer who invaded
Israel in Abraham's time (Genesis 14) was king of Elam, and
then lord paramount over Amraphel, king of Shinar
(Babylonia) on its confines. (See CHEDORLAOMER.)
This Elamitic supremacy was of short duration. The
Kissinns or Cossaeans (Cushites?) subsequently to the
Elamites subjugated Elam and called it Kissia (Herodotus,
3:91; 5:49). The Greek traditions of Memnon and his
Ethiopian bands rest on this subjugation, the Kissians of
Elam being connected with the Cushite inhabitants of the
upper valley of the Nile. The two races remained separate to
the time Of Strabo (compare Ezra 4:9). Discoveries in Elam
prove Susa one of the oldest cities in the East and its
monarchs quasiindependent, while acknowledging Assyria's and
Babylon's successive supremacy. Occasionally, for a time, it
maintained its complete independence. It was a province of
Babylonia from Nebuchadnezzar's time (Daniel 8:2). Its
conquest by him is probably foretold in Jeremiah 49:30-34;
Ezekiel 32:24-25. It had helped him against Judaea; hence
God dealt retributively its punishment by him with whom it
Its bowmen were famed (Isaiah 22:6); so God says, "I
will break the bow of Elam." After scattering them God
saith, "in the latter days I will bring again the captivity
of Elam," namely, in the coming restitution of all things by
Messiah, an earnest of which was given in that Elamites were
on Pentecost among the first who heard and accepted the
gospel (Acts 2:9). Elam took part in destroying Babylon, on
Cyrus' advance probably joining him in the assault (Isaiah
21:2). Elam became a satrapy of the Persian empire,
furnishing 300 talents as annual tribute (Herodotus, 3:91).
Susa, its capital, became capital of the empire and the
court residence. Nevertheless it was the scene of the Magian
revolution, and twice revolted under Darius Hystaspes
2. A Korhite Levite, one of the sons of Asaph in
David's time (1 Chronicles 26:3).
3. A Benjamite chief, one of Shashak's sons (1
4. Children of Elam, 1,254, returned with Zerubbabel
from Babylon (Ezra 2:7; Nehemiah 7:12). Seventy-one more
accompanied Ezra and the second caravan (Ezra 8:7).
Shechaniah, one of them, seconded Ezra's confession of sin,
especially as to marriages with aliens, pleaded the people's
guilt, and proposed a covenant to put away those wives; six
of the sons of Elam accordingly did so (Ezra 10:2; Ezra
5. Another Elam, of whose sons also the same number
returned, is mentioned (Ezra 2:31; Nehemiah 7:34).
6. A priest who accompanied Nehemiah in dedicating
the wall (Nehemiah 12:42).
Elam in Hitchcock's Bible Names
a young man; a virgin; a secret
Elam in Naves Topical Bible
1. A district southeast of Babylon, on Persian Gulf
Ge 14:1,9; Da 8:2
-2. A Korhite Levite
-3. A Benjamite chief
-4. Designated as "the other Elam,"
Ezr 2:31; Ne 7:34
-5. A Jewish captive, whose descendants, to the number of
One-thousand two-hundred and fifty-four returned
Ezr 2:7; 8:7; Ne 7:12
-6. A Levite musician
-7. One of the Israelitish chiefs with Nehemiah
Elam in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. This seems to have been originally the name of a
man, the son of Shem. Ge 10:22; 1Ch 1:17 Commonly, however,
it is used as the appellation of a country. Ge 14:1,9; Isa
11:11; 21:2 The Elam of Scripture appears to be the province
lying south of Assyria and east of Persia proper, to which
Herodotus gives the name of Cissia (iii. 91, v. 49, etc.),
and which is termed Susis or Susiana by the geographers. Its
capital was Susa. This country was originally people by
descendants of Shem. By the time of Abraham a very important
power had been built up in the same region. It is plain that
at this early time the predominant power in lower
Mesopotamia was Elam, which for a while held the place
possessed earlier by Babylon, Ge 10:10 and later by either
Babylon or Assyria.
2. A Korhite Levite in the time of King David. 1Ch
26:3 (B.C. 1014.)
3. A chief man of the tribe of Benjamin. 1Ch 8:24
4. "Children of Elam," to the number of 1254,
returned with Zerubbabel from Babylon. Ezr 2:7; Ne 7:12
1Esd. 5:12. (B.C. 536 or before.) Elam occurs
amongst the names of the chief of the people who signed the
covenant with Nehemiah. Ne 10:14
5. In the same lists is a second Elam, whose sons,
to the same number as in the former case, returned with
Zerubbabel, Ezr 2:31; Ne 7:34 and which for the sake of
distinction is called "the other Elam."
6. One of the priests who accompanied Nehemiah at
the dedication of the new wall of Jerusalem. Ne 12:42
Elam in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
(1) A son of Shem (Gen 10:22; 1 Ch 1:17; see ELAMITES).
(2) A Benjamite (1 Ch 8:24).
(3) A Korahite (1 Ch 26:3).
(4) Heads of families in the return (Ezr 2:7 parallel Neh
7:12; Ezr 2:31 parallel Neh 7:34; Ezr 8:7; 10:2,26).
(5) A chief of the people (Neh 10:14).
(6) A priest (Neh 12:42).
Elam in Wikipedia
was an ancient civilization located in what is now southwest
Iran. Elam was centered in the far west and the southwest of
modern-day Iran, stretching from the lowlands of Khuzestan and
Ilam Province, as well as a small part of southern Iraq.
Situated just to the east of Mesopotamia, Elam was part of the
early urbanization during the Chalcolithic. The emergence of
written records from around 3000 BC also parallels
Mesopotamian history. In the Old Elamite period (Middle Bronze
Age), Elam consisted of kingdoms on the Iranian plateau,
centered in Anshan, and from the mid-2nd millennium BC, it was
centered in Susa in the Khuzestan lowlands. Its culture played
a crucial role in the Gutian Empire, especially during the
Achaemenid dynasty that succeeded it, when the Elamite
language remained among those in official use...
Elam Scripture - Ezekiel 32:24
There [is] Elam and all her multitude round about her grave,
all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down
uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused
their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne
their shame with them that go down to the pit.
Elam Scripture - Genesis 14:9
With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of
nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of
Ellasar; four kings with five.
Elam Scripture - Jeremiah 25:25
And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all
the kings of the Medes,