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November 22    Scripture



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Bible Names A-G: Debir


Debir in Easton's Bible Dictionary oracle town; sanctuary. (1.) One of the eleven cities to the west of Hebron, in the highlands of Judah (Josh. 15:49; Judg. 1:11-15). It was originally one of the towns of the Anakim (Josh. 15:15), and was also called Kirjath-sepher (q.v.) and Kirjath-sannah (49). Caleb, who had conquered and taken possession of the town and district of Hebron (Josh. 14:6-15), offered the hand of his daughter to any one who would successfully lead a party against Debir. Othniel, his younger brother (Judg. 1:13; 3:9), achieved the conquest, and gained Achsah as his wife. She was not satisfied with the portion her father gave her, and as she was proceeding toward her new home, she "lighted from off her ass" and said to him, "Give me a blessing [i.e., a dowry]: for thou hast given me a south land" (Josh. 15:19, A.V.); or, as in the Revised Version, "Thou hast set me in the land of the south", i.e., in the Negeb, outside the rich valley of Hebron, in the dry and barren land. "Give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs, and the nether springs." Debir has been identified with the modern Edh- Dhaheriyeh, i.e., "the well on the ridge", to the south of Hebron. (2.) A place near the "valley of Achor" (Josh. 15:7), on the north boundary of Judah, between Jerusalem and Jericho. (3.) The king of Eglon, one of the five Canaanitish kings who were hanged by Joshua (Josh. 10:3, 23) after the victory at Gibeon. These kings fled and took refuge in a cave at Makkedah. Here they were kept confined till Joshua returned from the pursuit of their discomfited armies, when he caused them to be brought forth, and "Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees" (26).

Debir in Fausset's Bible Dictionary 1. In the highlands of Judah, near Hebron. First taken by Joshua (Joshua 10:38-39; Joshua 11:21; Joshua 12:13; Joshua 15:49). Formerly Kirjath Sepher (city of the book), or K. Sannah (palm). There is still a Dewirban three miles W. of Hebron. But Debir was S. of Hebron (Joshua 15:49); so Van de Velde identifies it with Dilbeh, S.W. of Hebron. Conder (Israel Exploration) identifies it better with El hoheriyeh, a corruption of the old name Deberah, meaning in Arabic "the village on the ridge." Exactly at 3,000 (16-inch) cubits on the main S. road a large stone still there marked the bounds assigned outside to Debir as a Levitical city (which also may be the limit of a sabbath day's journey); and another stone on the W. At 6 1/2 miles northward are the "upper and lower springs," which Caleb's daughter begged for, in the valley Seil el Dilbeh, in all 14 springs divided into three groups; no other such are found in the Judah "south country," or Negeb; a brook flows through the small gardens for four or five miles (Judges 1:15; Joshua 15:19). Conder states the important discovery that "the list in Joshua 12, which precedes all the other topographical lists, forms the key of the whole system." They are the 31 royal cities; these divide the country into districts which have natural boundaries, and contain severally one or more of the royal cities. Debir stood, according to Joshua 15:19, in "a dry and" ("south land"), therefore Dilbeh near fine springs cannot be the site. Dhoheriyeh is remarkable for its broad rolling downs and fruitful soil; it is truly "a dry land" without a spring. "Joshua returned to (made a detour to attack) Debir" (Joshua 10:38-40.) His direct march after Eglon and Lachish would have been northwards from Hebron to Gilgal, therefore it was probably S.W. of Hebron. The Negeb or "south land" consists of soft, porous, chalky limestone extending from the desert on the E. (the Jeshimon) to 'Anab and the plain on the W., and from Dilbeh and Yutta on the N. to Beersheba on the S. The dwellings of Dhoheriyeh are mostly caves in the rock, with rude arches carved over doorways; rock excavation is a mark of great antiquity, and is a relic of the troglodyte or primitive Canaanite way of living. It was originally the seat of a king of the Anakim. This people reoccupied it when the Israelite army withdrew and was engaged with the northern Canaanites. Othniel, son of Kenaz, for love of Achsah, Caleb's daughter, took it again. It was allotted to the priests (Joshua 21:15; 1 Chronicles 6:58). 2. A place on the northern bound of Judah, near the valley of Achor (Joshua 15:7), between Jericho and Jerusalem (Joshua 15:7). 3. Part of the boundary of Gad (Joshua 13:26); in the high pastures E. of Jordan, and possibly akin to dabar, Hebrew for a wilderness pasture, Reland identifies it with Lodebar.

Debir in Hitchcock's Bible Names an orator; a word

Debir in Naves Topical Bible 1. King of Eglon Jos 10:3-27 -2. A town in the mountains of Judah Also called KIRJATH-SANNAH, and KIRJATH-SEPHER, which signifies a city of books Jos 15:15,16 Anakim expelled from, by Joshua Jos 11:21 Taken by Othniel Jos 15:15-17,49; Jud 1:12,13 Allotted to the Aaronites Jos 21:15 -3. A place near the valley of Achor Jos 15:7

Debir in Smiths Bible Dictionary (a sanctuary), the name of three places of Israel. 1. A town in the mountains of Judah, Jos 15:49 one of a group of eleven cities to the west of Hebron. The earlier name of Debir was Kirjath-sepher, "city of book," Jos 15:15; Jud 1:11 and Kirjath-sannah, "city of palm." Jos 15:49 It was one of the cities given with their "suburbs" to the priests. Jos 21:15; 1Ch 6:58 Debir has not been discovered with certainty in modern times; but about three miles to the west of Hebron is a deep and secluded valley called the Wady Nunkur, enclosed on the north by hills, of which one bears a name certainly suggestive of Debir--Dewir-ban. 2. A place on the north boundary of Judah, near the "valley of Achor." Jos 15:7 A Wady Dabor is marked in Van de Velde's map as close to the south of Neby Musa, at the northwest corner of the Dead Sea. 3. The "border of Debir" is named as forming part of the boundary of Gad, Jos 13:26 and as apparently not far from Mahanaim.

Debir in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE de'-ber (debhir, or debhir, "oracle"): King of Eglon, one of the five Amorite kings whose confederation against Israel was overcome and who were killed by Joshua (Josh 10:3).

Debir in Wikipedia A Biblical name, Debir may refer to: The most inner and sacred part of Solomon's Temple, most commonly known as "Sanctum Sanctorum"; see Most Holy Place. A Canaanite king of Eglon, slain by Joshua. (Joshua chapter 10) Aided by miracles, Joshua's army routed the Canaanite military, forcing Debir and the other kings to seek refuge in a cave. There they were trapped until later executed. A royal Canaanite city, also known as Kiriath-Sepher and Kiriath-Sannah. (Joshua 15:15) It became a Levite city. (Joshua 21:9) Its location is unclear, but today it is commonly identified with Khirbet Rabud southwest of Hebron. A site mentioned to be in the low plain of Achor. (Joshua 15:7) Though its exact location is not known, the name may have survived in Thogheret ed-Debr, southwest of Jericho. A location in Gilead, at the border of the Tribe of Gad, commonly believed to be the same as Lo-Debar. (Joshua 13:26) Some identify the place with Umm ed-Dabar, 16 km (10 miles) south of Gennesareth Sea.

Debir Scripture - Joshua 10:3 Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,

Debir Scripture - Joshua 10:39 And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that [were] therein; he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king.

Debir Scripture - Joshua 11:21 And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel: Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.

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