Bible Names A-G: Debir
Debir in Easton's Bible Dictionary
oracle town; sanctuary. (1.) One of the eleven cities to the
west of Hebron, in the highlands of Judah (Josh.
1:11-15). It was originally one of the towns of the
(Josh. 15:15), and was also called Kirjath-sepher
Kirjath-sannah (49). Caleb, who had conquered and
possession of the town and district of Hebron (Josh.
offered the hand of his daughter to any one who
successfully lead a party against Debir. Othniel,
brother (Judg. 1:13; 3:9), achieved the conquest,
Achsah as his wife. She was not satisfied with the
father gave her, and as she was proceeding toward
her new home,
she "lighted from off her ass" and said to him,
"Give me a
blessing [i.e., a dowry]: for thou hast given me a
(Josh. 15:19, A.V.); or, as in the Revised Version,
set me in the land of the south", i.e., in the
the rich valley of Hebron, in the dry and barren
land. "Give me
also springs of water. And he gave her the upper
the nether springs."
Debir has been identified with the modern Edh-
i.e., "the well on the ridge", to the south of
(2.) A place near the "valley of Achor" (Josh.
15:7), on the
north boundary of Judah, between Jerusalem and
(3.) The king of Eglon, one of the five Canaanitish
were hanged by Joshua (Josh. 10:3, 23) after the
Gibeon. These kings fled and took refuge in a cave
Here they were kept confined till Joshua returned
pursuit of their discomfited armies, when he caused
them to be
brought forth, and "Joshua smote them, and slew
them, and hanged
them on five trees" (26).
Debir in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. In the highlands of Judah, near Hebron. First taken by
Joshua (Joshua 10:38-39; Joshua 11:21; Joshua 12:13; Joshua
15:49). Formerly Kirjath Sepher (city of the book), or K.
Sannah (palm). There is still a Dewirban three miles W. of
Hebron. But Debir was S. of Hebron (Joshua 15:49); so Van de
Velde identifies it with Dilbeh, S.W. of Hebron. Conder
(Israel Exploration) identifies it better with El hoheriyeh,
a corruption of the old name Deberah, meaning in Arabic "the
village on the ridge." Exactly at 3,000 (16-inch) cubits on
the main S. road a large stone still there marked the bounds
assigned outside to Debir as a Levitical city (which also
may be the limit of a sabbath day's journey); and another
stone on the W.
At 6 1/2 miles northward are the "upper and lower
springs," which Caleb's daughter begged for, in the valley
Seil el Dilbeh, in all 14 springs divided into three groups;
no other such are found in the Judah "south country," or
Negeb; a brook flows through the small gardens for four or
five miles (Judges 1:15; Joshua 15:19). Conder states the
important discovery that "the list in Joshua 12, which
precedes all the other topographical lists, forms the key of
the whole system." They are the 31 royal cities; these
divide the country into districts which have natural
boundaries, and contain severally one or more of the royal
cities. Debir stood, according to Joshua 15:19, in "a dry
and" ("south land"), therefore Dilbeh near fine springs
cannot be the site. Dhoheriyeh is remarkable for its broad
rolling downs and fruitful soil; it is truly "a dry land"
without a spring.
"Joshua returned to (made a detour to attack) Debir"
(Joshua 10:38-40.) His direct march after Eglon and Lachish
would have been northwards from Hebron to Gilgal, therefore
it was probably S.W. of Hebron. The Negeb or "south land"
consists of soft, porous, chalky limestone extending from
the desert on the E. (the Jeshimon) to 'Anab and the plain
on the W., and from Dilbeh and Yutta on the N. to Beersheba
on the S. The dwellings of Dhoheriyeh are mostly caves in
the rock, with rude arches carved over doorways; rock
excavation is a mark of great antiquity, and is a relic of
the troglodyte or primitive Canaanite way of living. It was
originally the seat of a king of the Anakim. This people
reoccupied it when the Israelite army withdrew and was
engaged with the northern Canaanites. Othniel, son of Kenaz,
for love of Achsah, Caleb's daughter, took it again. It was
allotted to the priests (Joshua 21:15; 1 Chronicles 6:58).
2. A place on the northern bound of Judah, near the
valley of Achor (Joshua 15:7), between Jericho and Jerusalem
3. Part of the boundary of Gad (Joshua 13:26); in
the high pastures E. of Jordan, and possibly akin to dabar,
Hebrew for a wilderness pasture, Reland identifies it with
Debir in Hitchcock's Bible Names
an orator; a word
Debir in Naves Topical Bible
1. King of Eglon
-2. A town in the mountains of Judah
Also called KIRJATH-SANNAH, and KIRJATH-SEPHER, which
signifies a city of books
Anakim expelled from, by Joshua
Taken by Othniel
Jos 15:15-17,49; Jud 1:12,13
Allotted to the Aaronites
-3. A place near the valley of Achor
Debir in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(a sanctuary), the name of three places of Israel.
1. A town in the mountains of Judah, Jos 15:49 one of
a group of eleven cities to the west of Hebron. The earlier
name of Debir was Kirjath-sepher, "city of book," Jos 15:15;
Jud 1:11 and Kirjath-sannah, "city of palm." Jos 15:49 It was
one of the cities given with their "suburbs" to the priests.
Jos 21:15; 1Ch 6:58 Debir has not been discovered with
certainty in modern times; but about three miles to the west
of Hebron is a deep and secluded valley called the Wady
Nunkur, enclosed on the north by hills, of which one bears a
name certainly suggestive of Debir--Dewir-ban.
2. A place on the north boundary of Judah, near the
"valley of Achor." Jos 15:7 A Wady Dabor is marked in Van de
Velde's map as close to the south of Neby Musa, at the
northwest corner of the Dead Sea.
3. The "border of Debir" is named as forming part of
the boundary of Gad, Jos 13:26 and as apparently not far from
Debir in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
de'-ber (debhir, or debhir, "oracle"): King of Eglon, one of
the five Amorite kings whose confederation against Israel was
overcome and who were killed by Joshua (Josh 10:3).
Debir in Wikipedia
A Biblical name, Debir may refer to:
The most inner and sacred part of Solomon's Temple, most
commonly known as "Sanctum Sanctorum"; see Most Holy Place.
A Canaanite king of Eglon, slain by Joshua. (Joshua chapter
10) Aided by miracles, Joshua's army routed the Canaanite
military, forcing Debir and the other kings to seek refuge in
a cave. There they were trapped until later executed.
A royal Canaanite city, also known as Kiriath-Sepher and
Kiriath-Sannah. (Joshua 15:15) It became a Levite city.
(Joshua 21:9) Its location is unclear, but today it is
commonly identified with Khirbet Rabud southwest of Hebron.
A site mentioned to be in the low plain of Achor. (Joshua
15:7) Though its exact location is not known, the name may
have survived in Thogheret ed-Debr, southwest of Jericho.
A location in Gilead, at the border of the Tribe of Gad,
commonly believed to be the same as Lo-Debar. (Joshua 13:26)
Some identify the place with Umm ed-Dabar, 16 km (10 miles)
south of Gennesareth Sea.
Debir Scripture - Joshua 10:3
Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of
Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king
of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying,
Debir Scripture - Joshua 10:39
And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities
thereof; and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and
utterly destroyed all the souls that [were] therein; he left
none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir,
and to the king thereof; as he had done also to Libnah, and to
Debir Scripture - Joshua 11:21
And at that time came Joshua, and cut off the Anakims from the
mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all
the mountains of Judah, and from all the mountains of Israel:
Joshua destroyed them utterly with their cities.
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