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November 22    Scripture



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Bible Names A-G: David




David in Easton's Bible Dictionary beloved, the eighth and youngest son of Jesse, a citizen of Bethlehem. His father seems to have been a man in humble life. His mother's name is not recorded. Some think she was the Nahash of 2 Sam. 17:25. As to his personal appearance, we only know that he was red-haired, with beautiful eyes and a fair face (1 Sam. 16:12; 17:42). His early occupation was that of tending his father's sheep on the uplands of Judah. From what we know of his after history, doubtless he frequently beguiled his time, when thus engaged, with his shepherd's flute, while he drank in the many lessons taught him by the varied scenes spread around him. His first recorded exploits were his encounters with the wild beasts of the field. He mentions that with his own unaided hand he slew a lion and also a bear, when they came out against his flock, beating them to death in open conflict with his club (1 Sam. 17:34, 35). While David, in the freshness of ruddy youth, was thus engaged with his flocks, Samuel paid an unexpected visit to Bethlehem, having been guided thither by divine direction (1 Sam. 16:1-13). There he offered up sacrifice, and called the elders of Israel and Jesse's family to the sacrificial meal. Among all who appeared before him he failed to discover the one he sought. David was sent for, and the prophet immediately recognized him as the chosen of God, chosen to succeed Saul, who was now departing from the ways of God, on the throne of the kingdom. He accordingly, in anticipation, poured on his head the anointing oil. David went back again to his shepherd life, but "the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward," and "the Spirit of the Lord departed from Saul" (1 Sam. 16:13, 14). Not long after this David was sent for to soothe with his harp the troubled spirit of Saul, who suffered from a strange melancholy dejection. He played before the king so skilfully that Saul was greatly cheered, and began to entertain great affection for the young shepherd. After this he went home to Bethlehem. But he soon again came into prominence. The armies of the Philistines and of Israel were in battle array in the valley of Elah, some 16 miles south-west of Bethlehem; and David was sent by his father with provisions for his three brothers, who were then fighting on the side of the king. On his arrival in the camp of Israel, David (now about twenty years of age) was made aware of the state of matters when the champion of the Philistines, Goliath of Gath, came forth to defy Israel. David took his sling, and with a well-trained aim threw a stone "out of the brook," which struck the giant's forehead, so that he fell senseless to the ground. David then ran and slew him, and cut off his head with his own sword (1 Sam. 17). The result was a great victory to the Israelites, who pursued the Philistines to the gates of Gath and Ekron...

David in Fausset's Bible Dictionary ("beloved".) His outer life is narrated in the histories of Samuel, Kings, and Chronicles; his inner life is unfolded by himself in the Psalms. The verbal coincidences in Psalms and the allusions incidentally to facts which the histories detail are evidently undesigned, and therefore confirm the genuineness of both. The youngest of the eight sons of Jesse of Bethlehem (1 Samuel 16:11); great grandson of Ruth and Boaz, "a mighty man of wealth" (Rth 2:1; Rth 4:21;Rth 4:22). Born, according to the common chronology, 1085 B.C. Began to reign when 30 years of age. but over Judah alone, 1055 B.C. (2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 2:11; 1 Chronicles 29:27); over all Israel, seven years and six months later, 1048 B.C. He died in 1015 B.C., 70 years old. In early life he tended Jesse's flocks, thereby being trained for his subsequent career, for he had ample scope for quiet and prayerful meditations such as Moses had in his 40 years retirement in Midian before his call to public life, and as Paul had in the Arabian sojourn (Galatians 1:17) before his worldwide ministry...

David in Hitchcock's Bible Names well-beloved

David in Naves Topical Bible 1. King of Israel Genealogy of Ru 4:18-22; 1Sa 16:11; 17:12; 1Ch 2:3-15; Mt 1:1-6; Lu 3:31-38 A shepherd 1Sa 16:11 Kills a lion and a bear 1Sa 17:34-36 Anointed king, while a youth, by the prophet Samuel, and inspired 1Sa 16:1,13; Ps 89:19-37 Chosen of God Ps 78:70 Described to Saul 1Sa 16:18 Detailed as armor-bearer and musician at Saul's court 1Sa 16:21-23 Kills Goliath 1Sa 17 The love of Jonathan for 1Sa 18:1-4 Popularity and discreetness of 1Sa 18 Saul's jealousy of 1Sa 18:8-30 Is defrauded of Merab, and given Michal to marry 1Sa 18:17-27 Jonathan intercedes for 1Sa 19:1-7 Probably writes Psalms Eleven at this period of his life Ps 17; 35; 52; 58; 64; 109; 142 Conducts a campaign against, and defeats the Philistines 1Sa 19:8 Saul attempts to kill him; he escapes to Ramah, and lives at Naioth, where Saul pursues him 1Sa 19:9-24 About this time writes Ps 59 Returns, and Jonathan makes covenant with him 1Sa 20 Escapes by way of Nob, where he obtains shewbread and Goliath's sword from Abimelech 1Sa 21:1-6; Mt 12:3,4 Escapes to Gath 1Sa 21:10-15 At this time probably writes Ps 34; 35; 52; 56; 120 Recruits an army of insurgents, goes to Moab, returns to Hareth 1Sa 22 Probably writes Ps 13 Saves Keilah 1Sa 23:1-13 Makes second covenant with Jonathan 1Sa 23:16-18 Goes to the wilderness of Ziph, is betrayed to Saul 1Sa 23:13-26 Writes a psalm on the betrayal Ps 54 And probably Ps 22; 31; 34; 140 Saul is diverted from pursuit of 1Sa 23:27,28 At this time probably writes Ps 12; 22 Goes to En-gedi 1Sa 23:29 Refrains from killing Saul 1Sa 24 Writes Ps 57 Covenants with Saul 1Sa 26 Marries Nabal's widow, Abigail, and Ahinoam 1Sa 25 Lives in the wilderness of Ziph, has opportunity to kill Saul, but only takes his spear; Saul is contrite 1Sa 26 Flees to Achish and lives in Ziklag 1Sa 27 The list of men who join him 1Ch 12:1-22 Conducts an expedition against Amalekites, misstates the facts to Achish 1Sa 27:8-12 At this time probably writes Ps 141...

David in Smiths Bible Dictionary (well-beloved), the son of Jesse. His life may be divided into three portions: 1. His youth before his introduction to the court of Saul; 2. His relations with Saul; 3. His reign. 1. The early life of David contains in many important respects the antecedents of his future career. It appears that David was the youngest son, probably the youngest child, of a family of ten, and was born in Bethlehem B.C. 1085. The first time that David appears in history at once admits us to the whole family circle. The annual sacrificial feast is being held when Samuel appears, sent by God to anoint one of Jesse's sons as they pass before him, 1Sa 16:6-10 Samuel sends for the youngest, David, who was "keeping the sheep," and anoints him. 1Sa 16:11-13 As David stood before Samuel we are enabled to fix his appearance at once in our minds. He was of short stature, with red or auburn hair, such as is not unfrequently seen in his countrymen of the East at the present day. In later life he wore a beard. His bright eyes are specially mentioned, 1Sa 16:12 and generally he was remarkable for the grace of his figure and countenance ("fair of eyes," "comely," "goodly,") 1Sa 16:12,18; 17:42 well made and of immense strength and agility. His swiftness and activity made him like a wild gazelle, his feet like hart's feet, and his arms strong enough to break a bow of steel. Ps 18:33,34 After the anointing David resumes his accustomed duties, and the next we know of him he is summoned to the court to chase away the king's madness by music, 1Sa 16:14-19 and in the successful effort of David's harp we have the first glimpse into that genius for music and poetry which was afterwards consecrated in the Psalms. After this he returned to the old shepherd life again. One incident alone of his solitary shepherd life has come down to us --his conflict with the lion and the bear in defence of his father's flocks. 1Sa 17:34,35 It was some years after this that David suddenly appears before his brothers in the camp of the army, and hears the defiant challenge of the Philistine giant Goliath. With his shepherd's sling and five small pebbles he goes forth and defeats the giant. 1Sa 17:40-51...

David in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE I. Name and Genealogy. This name, which is written "defectively" in the older books, such as those of Samuel, but fully with the yodh in Chronicles and the later books, is derived, like the similar name Jedidish (2 Sam 12:25), from a root meaning "to love." The only person who bears this name in the Bible is the son of Jesse, the second king of Israel. His genealogy is given in the table appended to the Book of Ruth (4:18-22). Here the following points are to be noted: David belonged to the tribe of Judah: his ancestor Nahshon was chieftain of the whole tribe (Nu 1:7; 2:3; 1 Ch 2:10) and brother-in-law of Aaron the high priest (Ex 6:23). As no other descendants of Nahshon are mentioned, his authority probably descended to Jesse by right of primogeniture. This supposition is countenanced by the fact that Salma (Salmon), the name of the son of Nahshon and father of Boaz, is also the name of a grandson of Caleb who became "father" of Bethlehem, the home of Jesse (1 Ch 2:51). David was closely connected with the tribe of Moab, the mother of his grandfather Obed being Ruth the Moabitess. Of the wife or wives of Jesse we know nothing, and consequently are without information upon a most interesting point--the personality of the mother of David; but that she too may have been of the tribe of Moab is rendered probable by the fact that, when hard pressed, David placed his parents under the protection of the king of that country (1 Sam 22:3,1)...

David in Wikipedia (Hebrew: דָּוִד, דָּוִיד, Modern David Tiberian Dāwḏ ; beloved; Arabic: دَاوُۥدَ‎, Dāwud; Greek: Δαβιδ) was the second king of the united Kingdom of Israel according to the Hebrew Bible. He is depicted as a righteous king, although not without fault, as well as an acclaimed warrior, musician and poet, traditionally credited for composing many of the psalms contained in the Book of Psalms. Edwin Thiele dates his life to c.1040970 BC, his reign over Judah c.10101003 BC, and his reign over the united Kingdom of Israel c.1003970 BC.[citation needed] The Books of Samuel, 1 Kings, and 1 Chronicles are the only source of information on his life and reign, although the Tel Dan stele records the existence in the mid-9th century of a Judean royal dynasty called the "House of David". David's life is particularly important to Jewish, Christian, and Islamic culture. In Judaism, David, or Melekh David, is the eternal King of Israel, and the Jewish people. A direct descendant of David will be the Mashiach. In Christianity David is known as an ancestor of Jesus' mother Mary, and in Islam, he is a considered to be a prophet and the king of a nation. Christianity and Islam also know him as the young warrior who slew Goliath before gaining power and ruling his kingdom. He is remembered for his eloquent speech and the beautiful recitation of God's word...

David Scripture - 1 Chronicles 21:5 And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all [they of] Israel were a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Judah [was] four hundred threescore and ten thousand men that drew sword.

David Scripture - 1 Kings 2:26 And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou [art] worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted.

David Scripture - Zechariah 12:12 And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart;

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