Bible Names A-G: Barak
Barak in Easton's Bible Dictionary
lightning, the son of Abinoam (Judg. 4:6). At the summons of
Deborah he made war against Jabin. She accompanied him
battle, and gave the signal for the little army to
attack; in which the host of Jabin was completely
battle was fought (Judg. 4:16) in the plain of Jezreel
This deliverance of Israel is commemorated in Judg. 5.
faith is commended (Heb. 11:32). "The character of
pious, does not seem to have been heroic. Like Gideon,
and in a
sense Samson, he is an illustration of the words in
'Out of weakness were made strong.'" (See DEBORAH
Barak in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
("lightning".) So the family name of Hannibal was Barres,
"the thunderbolt of war"; also Boanerges, "sons of thunder,"
applied to James and John. Son of Abinoam, of Kedesh, a
refuge city of Naphtali. Incited by Deborah the prophetess
to deliver Israel from the yoke of Jabin II, king of
northern Canaan, of which Hazor, on lake Merom (now Hulah),
was the capital. Hazor had been destroyed with Jabin I, its
king, more than a century before, under Joshua; but owing to
Israel's unfaithfulness had been permitted to be rebuilt,
and a succeeding Jabin regained the possessions taken from
his forefather. But his general Sisera, of Harosheth,
inhabited by a race half Israelite half Gentile, where he
had systematically and "mightily oppressed Israel" for 20
years, was defeated by Barak and Deborah at the head of
10,000 men of Naphtali and Zebulon (Psalm 83:9-10).
This little army, aided by a providential storm in
the enemy's face (according to Josephus), rushed down the
hill of their encampment, Tabor, and routed Jabin's 900 iron
chariots and unwieldy host in the plain of Jezreel
(Esdraelon), "the battlefield of Israel." The Kishon's
impetuous current (especially that of Megiddo, its western
branch), and the sandy soil (as Taanach means), contributed
to the enemy's disaster, as their chariots were entangled,
like Pharaoh's at the Red Sea. Harosheth was taken, Sisera
slain by Heber's wife, Jabin's country taken, and a peace of
40 years secured. The triumphal ode of Deborah and Barak is
very spirited (Judges 4; 5). Lord Hervey makes the narrative
a repetition of Joshua 11:1-12, from the sameness of names,
Jabin and Hazor; the subordinate kings (Judges 5:19; Joshua
11:2, etc.); the locality; the chariots; "Mizrephoth Maim,"
burning by the waters; margin.
But if fancied chronological difficulties Judges be
hereby removed, geographical difficulties are thus created;
above all, the plain word God, which "cannot be broken"
makes Jabin's oppression of Israel: Hazor to be "when Ehud
was dead"; it is impossible then it can be identical with
the narrative in Joshua. (See JUDGES.) The judges Othniel,
Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, and Barak, did not rule all their
lives, but were raised up at intervals as need required.
Jabin ("prudent") was probably a standing title of the kings
of Hazor. Heretofore, foes without, Mesopotamia and Moab,
had chastised Israel; but now their sin provokes God to
raise an oppressor within their own borders, Canaan itself!
Jabin seduced them into idolatry, besides oppressing them
(Judges 5:8). Barak is made an example of faith (Hebrews
11:32), though it was weak; he was therefore deprived of the
glory of stronger faith by a woman, Jael (compare Judges
Barak in Hitchcock's Bible Names
Barak in Naves Topical Bible
A judge in Israel
Jud 4; 5; Heb 11:32
Barak in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(lightning), son of Abinoam of Kedesh, a refuge city in Mount
Naphtali, was incited by Deborah, a prophetess of Ephraim, to
deliver Israel from the yolk of Jabin. Judges 4. He utterly
routed the Canaanites int eh plain of Jezreel (Esdraelon).
Barak in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ba'-rak (baraq, "lightning flash"): The name occurs in
Sabeanbarqac, in Palmyrene baraq, and in Punic Barcas, as
surname of Hamilcar; and as Divine name in Assyrian Ramman-
Birqu and Gibil-Birqu (Del. Assyrian, HWB, 187). Barak was
the son of Abinoam of Kedesh, a refuge city in Mt. Naphtali.
He was summoned by the prophetess Deborah to lead his
countrymen to war against the Canaanites under the
leadership of Sisera. From the celebrated ode of Deborah we
gather that Israel suffered at the hand of the enemy; the
caravan roads were in danger, traffic almost ceased; the
cultivated country was plundered (Jdg 5:6,7). The fighting
men in Israel were disarmed, a shield was not to be seen nor
a spear among forty thousand men (Jdg 5:8). The prophetess
raised the signal of struggle for independence. Soon Barak
came to her aid. With an army of 10,000 men--according to
Jdg 4:10 they were all drawn from Zebulun and Naphtali,
whereas Jdg 5:13-18 adds Benjamin, Machir and Issachar to
the list of faithful tribes--Barak, accompanied by Deborah,
rushed to the summit of Mt. Tabor. This location was very
favorable to the rudely armed Israelites in warding off the
danger of the well-armed enemy. The wooded slopes protected
them against the chariots of the Canaanites. In addition
they were within striking distance should the enemy expose
himself on the march. Under the heavy rainfall the alluvial
plain became a morass, in which the heavy-armed troops found
it impossible to move. Soon the little stream Kishon was
filled with chariots, horses and Canaanites. Sisera
abandoned his chariot and fled on foot. Barak pursued him
and found him murdered by Jael in her tent. This completed
the victory. See BEDAN; Moore, "Judges," at the place.
Barak in Wikipedia
(Hebrew: בָּרָק, "Lightning; Shine"), Al-Burāq (Arabic: البُراق
al-Burāq "lightning") the son of Abinoam from Kedesh in
Naphtali, was a military general in the Book of Judges in the
Bible. He was the commander of the army of Deborah, the
prophetess and heroine of the Hebrew Bible. Barak and Deborah
are credited with defeating the Canaanite armies led by
Sisera, who for twenty years had oppressed the Israelites.
The story of the defeat of Canaanites under the prophetic
leadership of Deborah and the military leadership of Barak, is
related in prose (chapter 4) and repeated in poetry (chapter
5, which is known as the Song of Deborah). Chapter 4 makes the
chief enemy Jabin, king of Hazor (present Tell el-Qedah, about
three miles southwest of Hula Basin), though a prominent part
is played by his commander-in-chief, Sisera of Harosheth-ha-
goiim (possibly Tell el-'Amr, approximately 12 miles (19 km)
northwest of Megiddo)...
Barak Scripture - Judges 4:22
And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet
him, and said unto him, Come, and I will shew thee the man
whom thou seekest. And when he came into her [tent], behold,
Sisera lay dead, and the nail [was] in his temples.
Barak Scripture - Judges 4:8
And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, then I will
go: but if thou wilt not go with me, [then] I will not go.
Barak Scripture - Judges 5:12
Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise,
Barak, and lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam.
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