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August 19    Scripture



Bible Names A-G: Arphaxad


Arphaxad in Easton's Bible Dictionary son of Shem, born the year after the Deluge. He died at the age of 438 years (Gen. 11:10-13; 1 Chr. 1:17, 18; Luke 3:36). He dwelt in Mesopotamia, and became, according to the Jewish historian Josephus, the progenitor of the Chaldeans. The tendency is to recognize in the word the name of the country nearest the ancient domain of the Chaldeans. Some regard the word as an Egypticized form of the territorial name of Ur Kasdim, or Ur of the Chaldees.

Arphaxad in Fausset's Bible Dictionary (Genesis 10:21-24. Professor Rawlinson translates: "unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder brother of Japhet, were children born, Arphaxad": Genesis 11:10) ("the stronghold of the Chaldees".) Shem's descendants are mentioned last, because the subsequent sacred history concerns them chiefly. His being forefather to Eber or Heber is specified, to mark that the chosen people of God, the Hebrew, sprang from Shem: Arphaxad was father of Salah. There was a portion of Assyria called Arrapachitis, from Arapkha, "the city of the four sacred fish," often seen on cylinders; but the affinity is doubtful.

Arphaxad in Hitchcock's Bible Names a healer; a releaser

Arphaxad in Naves Topical Bible Son of Shem Ge 10:22; 11:10-13; 1Ch 1:17,18,24; Lu 3:36

Arphaxad in Smiths Bible Dictionary (stronghold of the Chaldees). 1. The son of Shem and ancestor of Eber. Ge 10:22,24; 11:10 2. Arphaxad, a king "who reigned over the Medes in Ecbatana," Judith 1:1-4; perhaps the same as Phraortes, who fell in a battle with the Assyrians, 633 B.C.

Arphaxad in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE ar-fak'-sad: (1) the King James Version form (Gen 10:22,24; 11:12,13; 1 Ch 1:17) of the Revised Version (British and American) ARPACHSHAD, which see. See also TABLE OF NATIONS. (2) In Apocrypha (Judith 1) a king of the Medes, who reigned in Ecbatana. He was defeated and slain by Nebuchadrezzar.

Arphaxad in Wikipedia Arpachshad or Arphaxad or Arphacsad (Hebrew: אַרְפַּכְשַׁד / אַרְפַּכְשָׁד, Modern Arpakhshad Tiberian ʾArpaḵaḏ / ʾArpaḵāḏ ; Arabic: 'أرفخشذ', Ārfakhshad‎; "healer," "releaser") was one of the five sons of Shem, the son of Noah (Genesis 10:22, 24; 11:10-13; 1 Chron. 1:17-18). His brothers were Elam, Asshur, Lud and Aram; he is an ancestor of Abraham. He is said by Gen. 11:10 to have been born two years after the Flood, when Shem was 100. Arpachshad's son is called Shelah, except in the Septuagint, where his son is Cainan (קינן), Shelah being Arpachshad's grandson. Cainan is also identified as Arpachshad's son in Luke 3:36 and Jubilees 8:1. Other ancient Jewish sources, particularly the Book of Jubilees, point to Arpachshad as the immediate progenitor of Ura and Kesed, who allegedly founded the city of Ur Kesdim (Ur of the Chaldees) on the west bank of the Euphrates (Jub. 9:4; 11:1-7) the same bank where Ur, identified by Leonard Woolley in 1927 as Ur of the Chaldees, is located[1]. Donald B. Redford has asserted[2] that Arpachshad is to be identified with Babylon. Until Woolley's identification of Ur, Arpachshad was understood by many Jewish and Muslim scholars to be an area in northern Mesopotamia, Urfa of the Yazidis. This led to the identification of Arpachshad with Urfa-Kasid (due to similarities in the names ארפ־כשד and כשדים) - a land associated with the Khaldis, whom Josephus confused with the Chaldean. Another Arpachshad is referenced in the deuterocanonical Book of Judith as being the "king of the Medes" contemporary with Nebuchadnezzar II, but this is thought to be a corruption of the historical name Cyaxares (Hvakhshathra).

Arphaxad Scripture - 1 Chronicles 1:18 And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber.

Arphaxad Scripture - Genesis 10:24 And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.

Arphaxad Scripture - Genesis 11:10 These [are] the generations of Shem: Shem [was] an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood:

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