Arphaxad in Easton's Bible Dictionary
son of Shem, born the year after the Deluge. He died at the
of 438 years (Gen. 11:10-13; 1 Chr. 1:17, 18; Luke
dwelt in Mesopotamia, and became, according to the
historian Josephus, the progenitor of the Chaldeans.
tendency is to recognize in the word the name of the
nearest the ancient domain of the Chaldeans. Some
word as an Egypticized form of the territorial name of
Kasdim, or Ur of the Chaldees.
Arphaxad in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
(Genesis 10:21-24. Professor Rawlinson translates: "unto Shem
also, the father of all the children of Eber, the elder
brother of Japhet, were children born, Arphaxad": Genesis
11:10) ("the stronghold of the Chaldees".) Shem's descendants
are mentioned last, because the subsequent sacred history
concerns them chiefly. His being forefather to Eber or Heber
is specified, to mark that the chosen people of God, the
Hebrew, sprang from Shem: Arphaxad was father of Salah. There
was a portion of Assyria called Arrapachitis, from Arapkha,
"the city of the four sacred fish," often seen on cylinders;
but the affinity is doubtful.
Arphaxad in Hitchcock's Bible Names
a healer; a releaser
Arphaxad in Naves Topical Bible
Son of Shem
Ge 10:22; 11:10-13; 1Ch 1:17,18,24; Lu 3:36
Arphaxad in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(stronghold of the Chaldees).
1. The son of Shem and ancestor of Eber. Ge 10:22,24;
2. Arphaxad, a king "who reigned over the Medes in
Ecbatana," Judith 1:1-4; perhaps the same as Phraortes, who
fell in a battle with the Assyrians, 633 B.C.
Arphaxad in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ar-fak'-sad: (1) the King James Version form (Gen 10:22,24;
11:12,13; 1 Ch 1:17) of the Revised Version (British and
American) ARPACHSHAD, which see. See also TABLE OF NATIONS.
(2) In Apocrypha (Judith 1) a king of the Medes, who reigned
in Ecbatana. He was defeated and slain by Nebuchadrezzar.
Arphaxad in Wikipedia
Arpachshad or Arphaxad or Arphacsad (Hebrew: אַרְפַּכְשַׁד /
אַרְפַּכְשָׁד, Modern Arpakhshad Tiberian ʾArpaḵšaḏ / ʾArpaḵšāḏ ;
Arabic: 'أرفخشذ', Ārfakhshad; "healer," "releaser") was one
of the five sons of Shem, the son of Noah (Genesis 10:22,
24; 11:10-13; 1 Chron. 1:17-18). His brothers were Elam,
Asshur, Lud and Aram; he is an ancestor of Abraham. He is
said by Gen. 11:10 to have been born two years after the
Flood, when Shem was 100.
Arpachshad's son is called Shelah, except in the Septuagint,
where his son is Cainan (קינן), Shelah being Arpachshad's
grandson. Cainan is also identified as Arpachshad's son in
Luke 3:36 and Jubilees 8:1.
Other ancient Jewish sources, particularly the Book of
Jubilees, point to Arpachshad as the immediate progenitor of
Ura and Kesed, who allegedly founded the city of Ur Kesdim
(Ur of the Chaldees) on the west bank of the Euphrates (Jub.
9:4; 11:1-7) - the same bank where Ur, identified by Leonard
Woolley in 1927 as Ur of the Chaldees, is located.
Donald B. Redford has asserted that Arpachshad is to be
identified with Babylon. Until Woolley's identification of
Ur, Arpachshad was understood by many Jewish and Muslim
scholars to be an area in northern Mesopotamia, Urfa of the
Yazidis. This led to the identification of Arpachshad with
Urfa-Kasid (due to similarities in the names ארפ־כשד and
כשדים) - a land associated with the Khaldis, whom Josephus
confused with the Chaldean.
Another Arpachshad is referenced in the deuterocanonical
Book of Judith as being the "king of the Medes" contemporary
with Nebuchadnezzar II, but this is thought to be a
corruption of the historical name Cyaxares (Hvakhshathra).
Arphaxad Scripture - 1 Chronicles 1:18
And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber.
Arphaxad Scripture - Genesis 10:24
And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.
Arphaxad Scripture - Genesis 11:10
These [are] the generations of Shem: Shem [was] an hundred
years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood: