Bible Names A-G: Aristobulus
Aristobulus I in Wikipedia
Judah (Yehudah, Heb. יהודה) Aristobulus I (reigned 104-103
BC) was a king of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty, and the
eldest of the five sons of King John Hyrcanus. He was the
first of the Hasmonean rulers to call himself "king."
According to the Hebrew Scriptures, only descendants of
Judah, or, more specifically, the House of David, were
qualified to be kings of Israel. All of Aristobulus'
predecessors used the title of "nasi"/"president".
Aristobulus I from "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum"
According to the directions of John Hyrcanus, the government
of the country after his death was to be placed in the hands
of his wife, and Aristobulus was originally to receive only
the high-priesthood. He was not however satisfied with this,
so he cast his mother into prison and allowed her to starve
there. By this means he came into the possession of the
throne, which, however, he did not long enjoy, as after a
year's reign he died of a painful illness (103 BC). He was
hostile to the Pharisees and pursued them with ruthlessness.
Aristobulus' successor was his eldest brother, Alexander
Jannĉus, who, together with his two brothers, was freed from
prison by Queen Shelomit [Salome] Alexandra, the widow of
Aristobulus in Easton's Bible Dictionary
a Roman mentioned in Paul's Epistle to the Romans (16:10),
"household" is saluated.
Aristobulus in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Aristobulus, whose "household" is "saluted" (Romans 16:10).
Himself not being greeted, it is likely either he was not a
Christian or was absent from Rome. The family would hardly be
called after him, if he were dead.
Aristobulus in Hitchcock's Bible Names
a good counselor
Aristobulus in Naves Topical Bible
A Christian at Rome
Aristobulus in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(the best counsellor), a resident at Rome, some of whose
household are greeted in Ro 16:10 Tradition makes him one of
the 70 disciples and reports that he preached the gospel in
Aristobulus in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
ar-is-to-bu'-lus (Aristoboulos, "best counselor"):
(1) Son of the Maccabean, John Hyrcanus, who assumed the
power and also the title of king after his father's death
(105 BC) and associated with him, as co-regent, his brother
Antigonus (Ant., XIII, xi), though by the will of his father
the government was entrusted to his mother. Three other
brothers and his mother he cast into prison, where they died
of starvation. He murdered Antigonus, and died conscience-
stricken himself in 104 BC.
(2) Aristobulus, nephew of the former, dethroned his mother,
Alexandra (69 BC), and forced his brother Hyrcanus to
renounce the crown and mitre in his favor. In 64 Pompey came
to Israel and supported the cause of Hyrcanus. See HYRCANUS.
Aristobulus was defeated and taken prisoner, and Hyrcanus
was appointed ethnarch in 63 BC. Aristobulus and his two
daughters were taken to Rome, where he graced the triumph of
Pompey. The father escaped later (56 BC) and appeared in
Israel again as a claimant to the throne. Many followers
flocked to his standard, but he was finally defeated,
severely wounded and taken prisoner a second time and with
his son, Antigonus, again taken to Rome. Julius Caesar not
only restored him to freedom (49 BC), but also gave him two
legions to recover Judea, and to work in his interest
against Pompey. But Quintus Metellus Scipio, who had just
received Syria as a province, had Aristobulus poisoned as he
was on his way to Israel.CR #(3) Grandson of the preceding,
and the last of the Maccabean family.
(4) The Jewish teacher of Ptol. VII (2 Macc 1:10).
(5) An inhabitant of Rome, certain of whose household are
saluted by Paul (Rom 16:10). He was probably a grandson of
Herod and brother of Herod Agrippa, a man of great wealth,
and intimate with the emperor Claudius. Lightfoot
(Philippians, 172) suggests that "the household of
Aristobulus" were his slaves, and that upon his death they
had kept together and had become the property of the emperor
either by purchase or as a legacy, in which event, however,
they might, still retain the name of their former master.
Among these were Christians to whom Paul sends greeting.
M. O. Evans
Aristobulus Scripture - Romans 16:10
Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Salute them which are of
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