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Bible Names A-G: Aristobulus


Aristobulus I in Wikipedia Judah (Yehudah, Heb. יהודה) Aristobulus I (reigned 104-103 BC) was a king of the Hebrew Hasmonean Dynasty, and the eldest of the five sons of King John Hyrcanus. He was the first of the Hasmonean rulers to call himself "king." According to the Hebrew Scriptures, only descendants of Judah, or, more specifically, the House of David, were qualified to be kings of Israel. All of Aristobulus' predecessors used the title of "nasi"/"president". Aristobulus I from "Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum" According to the directions of John Hyrcanus, the government of the country after his death was to be placed in the hands of his wife, and Aristobulus was originally to receive only the high-priesthood. He was not however satisfied with this, so he cast his mother into prison and allowed her to starve there. By this means he came into the possession of the throne, which, however, he did not long enjoy, as after a year's reign he died of a painful illness (103 BC). He was hostile to the Pharisees and pursued them with ruthlessness. Aristobulus' successor was his eldest brother, Alexander Jannĉus, who, together with his two brothers, was freed from prison by Queen Shelomit [Salome] Alexandra, the widow of Aristobulus.

Aristobulus in Easton's Bible Dictionary a Roman mentioned in Paul's Epistle to the Romans (16:10), whose "household" is saluated.

Aristobulus in Fausset's Bible Dictionary Aristobulus, whose "household" is "saluted" (Romans 16:10). Himself not being greeted, it is likely either he was not a Christian or was absent from Rome. The family would hardly be called after him, if he were dead.

Aristobulus in Hitchcock's Bible Names a good counselor

Aristobulus in Naves Topical Bible A Christian at Rome Ro 16:10

Aristobulus in Smiths Bible Dictionary (the best counsellor), a resident at Rome, some of whose household are greeted in Ro 16:10 Tradition makes him one of the 70 disciples and reports that he preached the gospel in Britain.

Aristobulus in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE ar-is-to-bu'-lus (Aristoboulos, "best counselor"): (1) Son of the Maccabean, John Hyrcanus, who assumed the power and also the title of king after his father's death (105 BC) and associated with him, as co-regent, his brother Antigonus (Ant., XIII, xi), though by the will of his father the government was entrusted to his mother. Three other brothers and his mother he cast into prison, where they died of starvation. He murdered Antigonus, and died conscience- stricken himself in 104 BC. See MACCABEES. (2) Aristobulus, nephew of the former, dethroned his mother, Alexandra (69 BC), and forced his brother Hyrcanus to renounce the crown and mitre in his favor. In 64 Pompey came to Israel and supported the cause of Hyrcanus. See HYRCANUS. Aristobulus was defeated and taken prisoner, and Hyrcanus was appointed ethnarch in 63 BC. Aristobulus and his two daughters were taken to Rome, where he graced the triumph of Pompey. The father escaped later (56 BC) and appeared in Israel again as a claimant to the throne. Many followers flocked to his standard, but he was finally defeated, severely wounded and taken prisoner a second time and with his son, Antigonus, again taken to Rome. Julius Caesar not only restored him to freedom (49 BC), but also gave him two legions to recover Judea, and to work in his interest against Pompey. But Quintus Metellus Scipio, who had just received Syria as a province, had Aristobulus poisoned as he was on his way to Israel.CR #(3) Grandson of the preceding, and the last of the Maccabean family. See ASMONEANS. (4) The Jewish teacher of Ptol. VII (2 Macc 1:10). (5) An inhabitant of Rome, certain of whose household are saluted by Paul (Rom 16:10). He was probably a grandson of Herod and brother of Herod Agrippa, a man of great wealth, and intimate with the emperor Claudius. Lightfoot (Philippians, 172) suggests that "the household of Aristobulus" were his slaves, and that upon his death they had kept together and had become the property of the emperor either by purchase or as a legacy, in which event, however, they might, still retain the name of their former master. Among these were Christians to whom Paul sends greeting. M. O. Evans

Aristobulus Scripture - Romans 16:10 Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' [household].

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