Bible Names A-G: Arioch
Arioch in Easton's Bible Dictionary
lion-like, venerable. (1.) A king of Ellasar who was
with Chedorlamer (Gen. 14:1,9). The tablets recently
by Mr. Pinches (see CHALDEA -T0000758) show the true
Eri-Aku of Larsa. This Elamite name meant "servant of
moon-god." It was afterwards changed into Rimsin,
"Have mercy, O
moon-god." (2.) Dan. 2:14.
Arioch in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. King of Ellasar. (Genesis 14:1; Genesis 14:9). (See
2. Captain of Nebuchadnezzar's guard (Daniel 2:14).
Arioch in Hitchcock's Bible Names
long; great; tall
Arioch in Naves Topical Bible
1. King of Ellasar
-2. Captain of Nebuchadnezzars guard
Arioch in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. The king of Eliasar, one of the allies of
Chedorlaomer in his expedition against his rebellious
tributaries. Ge 14:1 (B.C. 1921-1912.)
2. The captain of Nebuchadnezzar's body-guard. Da 2:14
3. Properly Eirioch, or Erioch, mentioned in Judith
1:6 as king of the Elymaeans.
Arioch in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
(1) The name of the vassal king of Ellasar, under
Chedorlaomer, king of Elam, and Amraphel, king of Shinar
(Babylonia), who took part in the expedition against Sodom,
Gomorrah and other states (Gen 14:1,9). Assyriologists
generally, and probably rightly, identify Arioch with Eri-
Aku (which see), king of Larsa, Ellasar being for Al-Larsa
(now Sinqara in central Babylonia).
Texts Referring to the Reign of Arioch:
For an account of the expedition see AMRAPHEL, and for the
Babylonian texts bearing upon the reign, see ERI-AKU. In Gen
14:1,9, where the names of the allied kings who marched
against the Cities of the Plain are given, that of Arioch
follows his more immediate suzerain, Amraphel, and not
Chedorlaomer, who, however, appears to have been the real
overlord (verse 4), which agrees with the indications of the
Bah records. No details of the expedition are available from
Babylonian sources. Besides Larsa, Eri-Aku's inscriptions
inform us that Ur (Muqayyar, Mugheir) was in the
principality of which Larsa was the capital.
(2) The Arioch of Dan 2:14,25 was captain of the bodyguard
of King Nebuchadnezzar. Nothing else is known about him
except that it was he who was commanded to slay the "wise
men" who failed to repeat to the king his dream and its
interpretation; and who communicated to his royal master
that Daniel had undertaken the task.
T. G. Pinches
Arioch in Wikipedia
is a Hebrew name that means "fierce lion". It originally
appears in the Book of Genesis chapter 14 as the name of the
"King of Ellasar", part of the confederation of kings who
did battle with the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah and with
Abraham in the Battle of the Vale of Siddim. Earlier in the
20th century, it was common to identify him with "Eriaku" -
an alternative reading of either Rim-Sin or his brother
Warad-Sin, who were Elamite rulers over Larsa contemporary
with Hammurabi, although this identification has come under
attack from scholars in more recent years, and is now
largely abandoned, in part due to Nuzu inscriptions
referring to a Hurrian king named Ariukki.
Alternatively Ellasar could have been the site referred to
as Alashiya, now thought to be near Alassa in Cyprus, where
there was a Late Bronze Age palace, destroyed by the Peoples
of the Sea.
The same name later appears in the Book of Daniel as the
person appointed by King Nebuchadnezzar to put all the wise
men of Babylon to death.
Arioch (Arius) was also a grandson of Semiramis in the
classical Ninus legend.
Arioch Scripture - Daniel 2:24
Therefore Daniel went in unto Arioch, whom the king had
ordained to destroy the wise [men] of Babylon: he went and
said thus unto him; Destroy not the wise [men] of Babylon:
bring me in before the king, and I will shew unto the king the
Arioch Scripture - Genesis 14:1
And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar,
Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal
king of nations;
Arioch Scripture - Genesis 14:9
With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of
nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of
Ellasar; four kings with five.
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