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Bible Names A-G: Antiochus


Antiochus in Easton's Bible Dictionary the name of several Syrian kings from B.C. 280 to B.C. 65. The most notable of these were, (1.) Antiochus the Great, who ascended the throne B.C. 223. He is regarded as the "king of the north" referred to in Dan. 11:13-19. He was succeeded (B.C. 187) by his son, Seleucus Philopater, spoken of by Daniel (11:20) as "a raiser of taxes", in the Revised Version, "one that shall cause an exactor to pass through the glory of the kingdom." (2.) Antiochus IV., surnamed "Epiphanes" i.e., the Illustrious, succeeded his brother Seleucus (B.C. 175). His career and character are prophetically described by Daniel (11:21-32). He was a "vile person." In a spirit of revenge he organized an expedition against Jerusalem, which he destroyed, putting vast multitudes of its inhabitants to death in the most cruel manner. From this time the Jews began the great war of independence under their heroic Maccabean leaders with marked success, defeating the armies of Antiochus that were sent against them. Enraged at this, Antiochus marched against them in person, threatening utterly to exterminate the nation; but on the way he was suddenly arrested by the hand of death (B.C. 164).

Antiochus in Fausset's Bible Dictionary 1. Theus," King of the N." (Daniel 11:6.) Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, to end the war with him, give Berenice his daughter to Antiochus, who divorced Laodice to marry Berenice. But Ptolemy having died, Betentre aid "not retain the power of the arm," i.e., she was unable to be the mainstay of peace; for on Ptolemy's death Antiochus took back Laodice, who then poisoned him and caused Berenice and her son to be slain. "But out of a branch other roots stood up" in the place of Philadelphus (margin) Ptolemy Euergetes, Berenice's brother, who avenged her, overran Syria, and slew Laodice, "carrying captives into Egypt their gods, princes, and vessels of silver and gold." He restored to Egypt many of the idols carried away formerly by the Persian Cambyses, whence the idolatrous Egyptians surnamed him Euergetes (benefactor). He "continued four more years than the king of the N.," Antiochus. 2. Antiochus the Great, the grandson of Antiochus Theus, and son of Seleucus Callinicus, "came and overflowed and passed through," recovering all the parts of Syria taken by Euergetes, and reached "even to his (border) fortress," Raphia, near Gaza. Here "the king of the S.," Ptolemy Philopator, Euergetes' son, "shall fight with" Antiochus, and Antiochus's "multitude (70,000 infantry and 500 cavalry) shall be given into his hand." 10,000 were slain and 4,000 made captive. Ptolemy's "heart was lifted up" by the victory, so that though he "cast down many ten thousands, he was not strengthened by it" through his luxurious indulgence. For Antiochus "returned after certain years" (14 after his defeat at Raphia) against Philopator's son, Ptolemy Epiphanes...

Antiochus in Smiths Bible Dictionary (an opponent), the name of a number of kings of Syria who lived during the interval between the Old and New Testaments, and had frequent connection with the Jews during that period. They are referred to in the Apocrypha especially in the books of the Maccabees.

Antiochus in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE an-ti'-o-kus (Antiochos; A, Antimachos (1 Macc 12:16)): The father of Numenius, who in company with Antipater, son of Jason, was sent by Jonathan on an embassy to the Romans and Spartans to renew "the friendship" and "former confederacy" made by Judas (1 Macc 12:16; 14:22; Ant, XIII, vi; 8).

Antiochus in Wikipedia may refer to: Contents [hide] 1 The Seleucid Empire 2 Kingdom of Commagene 2.1 Princes of Commagene 3 Others 4 See also [edit]The Seleucid Empire Antiochus (father of Seleucus I Nicator) (born 4th-century BC), father of Seleucus I Nicator, founder of the Hellenstic Seleucid Empire Antiochus I Soter (died 261 BC), king of the Seleucid Empire Antiochus II Theos (286 BC–246 BC), king of the Seleucid Empire who reigned 261 BC–246 BC Antiochus Hierax (died 226 BC), rebel brother of Seleucus II Callinicus Antiochus III the Great (241–187 BC, king 222–187 BC), younger son of Seleucus II Callinicus, became the 6th ruler of the Seleucid Empire Antiochus IV Epiphanes (215 BC–164 BC), ruler of the Seleucid Empire from 175 BC until 164 BC Antiochus V Eupator (173 BC–162 BC), ruler of the Seleucid Empire who reigned 164-162 BC Antiochus VI Dionysus (148–138 BC), king of the Seleucid Empire, son of Alexander Balas and Cleopatra Thea Antiochus VII Sidetes (died 129 BC), king of the Seleucid Empire, reigned from 138 to 129 BC Antiochus VIII Grypus (died 96 BC), ruler of the Seleucid Empire, son of Demetrius II Nicator Antiochus IX Cyzicenus (died 96 BC), ruler of the Seleucid Empire, son of Antiochus VII Sidetes and Cleopatra Thea, half-brother of Antiochus VIII Antiochus X Eusebes (died 83 BC), ruler of the Seleucid Empire from 95 BC Antiochus XI Epiphanes (died 92 BC), ruler of the Seleucid Empire, son of Antiochus VIII Grypus and brother of Seleucus VI Epiphanes Antiochus XII Dionysus (Epiphanes/Philopator/Callinicus), ruler of the Seleucid Empire reigned 87–84 BC; fifth son of Antiochus VIII Grypus Antiochus XIII Asiaticus (died 64 BC), one of the last rulers of the Seleucid Empire Antiochus, first son of Seleucus IV Philopator...

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