Amasa in Easton's Bible Dictionary
burden. (1.) The son of Abigail, a sister of king David (1
2:17; 2 Sam. 17:25). He was appointed by David to
army in room of his cousin Joab (2 Sam. 19:13), who
treacherously put him to death as a dangerous rival (2
(2.) A son of Hadlai, and chief of Ephraim (2 Chr.
the reign of Ahaz.
Amasa in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Son (seemingly illegitimate) of Jether or Ithra, an
Ishmaelite, by Abigail, David's sister (2 Samuel 17:25; 1
Chronicles 2:15-17). (See ABSALOM.) Joined his rebellion,
probably because neglected by David (as appears from his not
being mentioned previously) on account of his Ishmaelite
parentage (Zeruiah occurs always without mention of her
husband; but Abigail always with her husband Jether, as
though in disparagement). Defeated in the wood of Ephraim by
Joab (2 Samuel 18).
David, to atone for past neglect, pardoned, and even
promoted him to command the army in the room of the
overbearing Joab. Amasa's slowness in crushing Sheba's
rebellion, perhaps owing to the disinclination of the troops
to be under his command, obliged David to dispatch Abishai
with the household guards, and Joab accompanied them. Amasa
and his force overtook them at "the great stone of Gibeon."
There Joab, while taking with his right hand Amasa's beard
to kiss him, with his left stabbed him with his sword (2
2. AMASAI, leader of a body of men of Judah and
Benjamin, to join David in the hold at Ziklag; David's
apprehension of treachery on the part of his own tribe was
dispelled by Amasa's words under the spirit which "clothed"
him: "Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of
Jesse; peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine
helpers, for thy God helpeth thee." (Margin 1 Chronicles
12:16-18.) 1 Chronicles 12:3. A prince of Ephraim, son of
Hadlai, who, at the prophet Oded's command from God, opposed
the detention of the Jews taken captive by Pekah of Israel
from Ahaz of Judah (2 Chronicles 28:12).
Amasa in Hitchcock's Bible Names
sparing the people
Amasa in Naves Topical Bible
1. Nephew of David
2Sa 17:25; 1Ch 2:17
Returns to David, and is made captain of the host
2Sa 20:8-12; 1Ki 2:5,32
-2. Son of Hadlai
Amasa in Smiths Bible Dictionary
1. Son of Ithra, or Jether, by Abigail, David's
sister. 2Sa 17:25 He joined in Absalom's rebellion, B.C. 1023,
was appointed commander-in-chief and suffered defeat by Joab.
2Sa 18:6 David, incensed against Joab for killing Absalom,
forgave Amasa and appointed him Joab's successor. 2Sa 19:13
Joab afterwards, when they were both in pursuit of the rebel
Sheba, pretending to salute Amasa stabbed him with his sword.
2. A prince of Ephraim, son of Hadlai, in the reign of
Ahaz. 2Ch 28:12
Amasa in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
a-ma'-sa (`amasa', or read `ammishai, i.e. `am yishai,
"people of Jesse"): The form `amasa', is based upon a
mistaken etymology (from = `amac "to burden").
(1) According to 2 Sam 17:25, Amasa is the son of Abigail,
the sister of Zeruiah and David, and Ithra, an Israelite;
but another source, 1 Ch 2:17, calls his father Jether the
Ishmaelite. He was a nephew of David and a cousin of
Absalom, who made him commander of the army of rebellion.
When the uprising had been quelled, David, in order to
conciliate Amasa, promised him the position held by Joab;
the latter had fallen from favor (2 Sam 19:13 ff). When a
new revolt broke out under Sheba, the son of Bichri (2 Sam
20), Amasa was entrusted with the task of assembling the men
of Judah. But Joab was eager for revenge upon the man who
had obtained the office of command that he coveted. When
Amasa met Joab at Gibeon, the latter murdered him while
pretending to salute (2 Sam 20:8-10; 1 Ki 2:5).
(2) Son of Hadlai, of the Bene 'Ephrayim ("Children of
Ephraim"), who, obeying the words of the prophet Oded,
refused to consider as captives the Judeans who had been
taken from Ahaz, king of Judah, by the victorious Israelites
under the leadership of Pekah (2 Ch 28:12).
Amasa in Wikipedia
A son of Abigail (2 Sam 17:25 ), who was sister to King
David (1 Chr 2:16,17 ) and Zeruiah, the mother of Joab.
Hence, Amasa was a nephew to David, a cousin to Joab, as
well as a cousin to Absalom.
Absalom, David's mutinous son, revolted and won over the
tribes of Israel (2 Sam 15 ). He appointed Amasa over the
army, in effect replacing Joab, who had been general for his
After the revolt was crushed, David held out an olive branch
to Amasa (in a likely effort to appease and reunite Judah
with the other 10 tribes of Israel) by offering to appoint
Amasa as his new army commander (2 Sam 19:13 ). While being
fiercely loyal to David, Joab was also suspicious of any
potential rivals for Joab's power or threats to David's
kingdom, and had no qualms about taking the lives of any who
might stand in his way (E.G., Abner: 2 Sam 3:27 , and
Absalom: 2 Sam 18:14 ). So it was not difficult for Joab to
also decide to murder Amasa (2 Sam 20:10 , 1 Kin 2:5,32 ).
A son of Hadlai, and one of the leaders of Ephraim (2 Chr
28:12 ) during the reign of the evil King Ahaz (2 Chr 28:1-4
Amasa Scripture - 1 Kings 2:32
And the LORD shall return his blood upon his own head, who
fell upon two men more righteous and better than he, and slew
them with the sword, my father David not knowing [thereof, to
wit], Abner the son of Ner, captain of the host of Israel, and
Amasa the son of Jether, captain of the host of Judah.
Amasa Scripture - 1 Kings 2:5
Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to
me, [and] what he did to the two captains of the hosts of
Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of
Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and
put the blood of war upon his girdle that [was] about his
loins, and in his shoes that [were] on his feet.
Amasa Scripture - 2 Samuel 19:13
And say ye to Amasa, [Art] thou not of my bone, and of my
flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain
of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.
Amasa Scripture - 2 Samuel 20:10
But Amasa took no heed to the sword that [was] in Joab's hand:
so he smote him therewith in the fifth [rib], and shed out his
bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died.
So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of
Amasa Scripture - 2 Samuel 20:8
When they [were] at the great stone which [is] in Gibeon,
Amasa went before them. And Joab's garment that he had put on
was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle [with] a sword
fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went
forth it fell out.