Ahitub in Easton's Bible Dictionary
brother of goodness = good. (1.) The son of Phinehas. On the
death of his grandfather Eli he succeeded to the
office of high
priest, and was himself succeeded by his son Ahijah (1
14:3; 22:9, 11, 12, 20).
(2.) The father of Zadok, who was made high priest by
after the extermination of the family of Ahimelech (1
8; 2 Sam. 8:17).
Ahitub in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
1. Ahimelech or Ahijah, whose father he was. (See AHIMELECH;
2. Amariah's son, and Zadok the high priest's father,
or rather grandfather (1 Chronicles 6:7-8; 2 Samuel 8:17).
Called "ruler of the house of God," i.e. high priest, 1
Chronicles 9:11. In Nehemiah 11:11 Ahitub appears as
grandfather of Zadok and father of Meraioth, of the house of
Eleazar. Thus there would seem to have been in the same age
Ahitub of the house of Eli, sprung from Ithamar, and also
Ahitub of the house of Eleazar.
3. The mention of a third Ahitub, son of another
Amariah, and father of another Zadok (1 Chronicles 6:11-12),
may be a copyist's error.
Ahitub in Hitchcock's Bible Names
brother of goodness
Ahitub in Naves Topical Bible
1. High priest, father of Ahiah
1Sa 14:3; 22:9,11,12,20
-2. Father of Zadok
2Sa 8:17; 1Ch 18:16
-3. Ruler of the house of God
1Ch 9:11; Ne 11:11
-4. The Ahitub mentioned in
Is probably identical with the last described above, or
he is confused with Azariah
Ahitub in Smiths Bible Dictionary
(brother of goodness).
1. The son of Phinehas and grandson of Eli, and
therefore of the family of Ithamar. 1Sa 14:3; 22:9,11 (B.C.
1125.) He was succeeded by his son Ahijah (AHIMELECH). (B.C.
2. Son of Amariah, and father of Zadok the high
priest, 1Ch 6:7,8; 2Sa 8:17 of the house of Eleazar. (B.C.
Ahitub in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
a-hi'-tub ('achiTubh, "brother of goodness," i.e. "good
brother," or, "my brother is goodness"):
(1) The brother of Ichabod and son of Phinehas the son of
Eli (1 Sam 14:3; 22:9,11,12,20), According to 1 Ch 24 he and
his line were descended from Aaron through Ithamar. The
record implies that he was born while his father and
grandfather were priests at Shiloh, and it says that he was
the father and grandfather of priests; but it is silent as
to his own exercise of the priestly office. We have no
information concerning the office from the time when the
Philistines captured the ark till Saul became king.
See AHIJAH; AHIMELECH; ABIATHAR.
(2) A descendant of Aaron through Eleazar: by this fact
distinguished from Ahitub, the descendant of Ithamar, though
nearly contemporaneous with him. Especially known as the
father of Zadok who, at Solomon's accession, became sole
high priest (2 Sam 8:17; 1 Ch 6:8; 18:16). His genealogical
line, from Levi to the Exile, is given in 1 Ch 6:1-15 (5:27-
41). The three successive names, Ahitub and Zadok and
Ahimaaz, appear in 2 Sam (8:17; 15:27, etc.). The line is
paralleled by selected names in Ezr 7:1-5, and relatively
late parts of it are paralleled in 1 Ch 9:11 and Neh 11:11.
The best explanation of certain phenomena in Chronicles is
that the record was copied from originals that were more or
less fragmentary. In some cases, also, a writer gives only
such parts of a genealogy as are needed for his purpose. It
is due to these causes that there are many omissions in the
genealogical lists, and that they supplement one another.
Allowing for these facts there is no reason why we should
not regard the genealogies of Ahitub as having distract
(3) In the genealogies, in the seventh generation from
Ahitub, the descendant of Eleazar, appears another Ahitub,
the son of another Amariah and the father (or grandfather)
of another Zadok (1 Ch 6:11 (5:37); 9:11; Neh 11:11). The
list in Ezr 7 omits a block of names, and the Ahitub there
named may be either 2 or 3. He is mentioned in 1 Esdras 8:2
and 2 Esdras 1:1, and the name occurs in Judith 8:1. In
these places it appears in the English versions in the
various forms: Ahitub, Ahitob, Achitob, Acitho.
Ahitub in Wikipedia
brother of goodness = good. A few people in the Bible have
(1.) The son of Phinehas, grandson of Eli, and brother of
Ichabod. On the death of his grandfather Eli he most likely
succeeded to the office of high priest, and would have been
succeeded by his son Ahijah (references to Ahitub as the
father of are in 1 Sam. 14:3; 22:9, 11, 12, 20). Ahijah
(also spelled Ahiah), who is listed as his son in 1 Samuel
14:2-3, 18-19 , may have been the same person as Ahimelech
(1 Samuel 22:9-20 ), or he may have been another son of
Ahitub (probably an elder son if this was the case).
Eli High Priest of Israel Succeeded by
(2.) The father of Zadok (2 Sam. 8:15-17 ). This Ahitub was
the son of Amariah, who was the son of Meraioth, who was the
son of Zerahiah, who was the son of Uzzi, who was the son of
Bukki, who was the son of Abishua, who was the son of
Phinehas, who was the son of Eleazar, who was the son of
Aaron (1 Chronicles 6:3-8 ). There is a faint possibility
that this Ahitub was made high priest by Saul after the
extermination of the family of Ahimelech, but it is very
unlikely as there are apparently no references supporting
this. It is much more likely that Saul had no official high
priest after this incident until the end of his reign (see
Josephus's Antiquities of the Jews, Book VI, Chapter XII,
Paragraph 7 .
(3.) A priestly descendant through the priestly line of the
first Zadok. This Ahitub is mentioned in 1 Chronicles 6:11-
12 . To make matters a bit more confusing, this Ahitub also
had a son (or probably grandson) by the name of Zadok. This
Ahitub may have been high priest in the later time of the
kings, but he also may not have been a high priest. He did
become the ancestor of later high priests, which served
during the fall of Jerusalem and post-exile.
(4.) An ancestor of a person mentioned in Nehemiah 11:11 .
This person might be one of the three prementioned persons,
but probably is not.
Ahitub Scripture - 1 Chronicles 6:7
Meraioth begat Amariah, and Amariah begat Ahitub,
Ahitub Scripture - 1 Samuel 14:3
And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of
Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, wearing
an ephod. And the people knew not that Jonathan was gone.
Ahitub Scripture - 1 Samuel 22:11
Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of
Ahitub, and all his father's house, the priests that [were] in
Nob: and they came all of them to the king.