Bible Animals: Vulture
Vulture in the Ancient World
Vulture in Easton's Bible Dictionary
(1.) Heb. da'ah (Lev. 11:14). In the parallel passage (Deut.
14:13) the Hebrew word used is _ra'ah_, rendered
"gups;" Vulg., "milvus." A species of ravenous bird,
distinguished for its rapid flight. "When used without
epithet 'red,' the name is commonly confined to the
The habits of the bird bear out the allusion in Isa.
it is, excepting during the winter three months, so
everywhere in Israel as to be almost gregarious." (See
(2.) In Job 28:7 the Heb. 'ayyah is thus rendered. The
denotes a clamorous and a keen-sighted bird of prey.
11:14 and Deut. 14:13 it is rendered "kite" (q.v.).
Vulture in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
'ayah (the red kite famed for sharp sight: Job 28:7); daah
(GLEDE or black kite: Leviticus 11:14; Deuteronomy 14:13
raah); dayah, the Vulturidae; the words "after his kind" mark
more than one species. Vultures differ from eagles and falcons
by having the head and neck borer of feathers, the eyes not so
sunk, the beak longer, curved only at the end. Cowardly;
preferring carrion to other food; rarely killing their prey,
unless it is feeble.
The griffon of the Vulturidae is noted for seeing its prey
from the greatest height. Though previously scarcely known in
the Crimea, during the Anglo-Russian war they remained near
the camp throughout the campaign; "wheresoever the carcass is,
there will the eagles be gathered together" (Matthew 24:28;
Job 39:30). Besides the griffon, the lammergever and the
Egyptian vulture, "Pharaoh's hens," are found in Israel.
Vulture in Naves Topical Bible
-A carnivorous bird
Le 11:14; De 14:13
-In R. V., translated "falcon,"
Vulture in Smiths Bible Dictionary
The rendering in the Authorized Version of the Hebrew daah,
dayyah, and also in Job 28:7 of ayyah. There seems no doubt
that the Authorized Versions translation is incorrect, and
that the original words refer to some of the smaller species
of raptorial birds, as kites or buzzards. [KITE] But the
Hebrew word nesher, invariably rendered "eagle" in the
Authorized Version, is probably the vulture. [EAGLE]
Vulture in the Bible Encyclopedia - ISBE
vul'-tur (da'ah; Septuagint gups, and iktinos; Latin
Vulturidae): Any member of a family of large birds that
subsist wholly or in part on carrion. The largest vulture of
Israel was the Lammer-geier. This bird waited until smaller
vultures, eagles and hawks stripped a carcass to the bone,
then carried the skeleton aloft and dashed it on the rocks
until the marrow could be secured. This was a favorite
delicacy. This bird was fond of tortoise also, and is said
to have dropped the one that struck the bald head of
Aeschylus, which the bird mistook for a stone, so causing
the death of the poet. Several smaller species, including
"Pharaoh's chickens," flocked all over Israel. These were
protected by a death penalty for their value as scavengers
in cities. They fed on carcasses of animals that killed each
other, ate putrid fish under the nests of pelican and
cormorant, followed caravans across the desert, and were
ready for offal thrown from animals dressed for feasting.
They flocked over the altars for the entrails from
sacrifice, and devoured scraps cast aside by tent-dwellers
and residents of cities. They paired with affectionate
courting and nested in crevices, in walls, hollow trees and
on cliffs. They raised only one pair of young to the season,
as the nestlings were over two months old before they took
wing. The young were white at first, then black feathers
enveloped them. On account of their steady diet of carrion,
no one ever has been able to use their flesh for food,
although some daring ornithologists have tried. For this
reason the vulture was placed among the abominations and
should by right have headed the lists (Lev 11:18; Dt 14:13).
The other references that used to be translated "vulture" in
the King James Version, the Septuagint elaphos, Vulgate
(Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) correctly milous) are
changed to "falcon" and "kite." Isa 34:15 changes "vulture"
to "kite." Job 28:7 changes "vulture" to "falcon."
Vulture in Wikipedia
Vulture. — So does D.V. render the Hebrew, 'áyyah, Lev., xi, 14; Deut., xiv, 13; Job, xxviii, 7. As has been suggested above, the text of Job at least, seems to allude to the kite rather than to the vulture. Several kinds of vultures are nevertheless referred to in the Bible; so, for instance, the bearded vulture(gypœtus barbatus), called griffon in the D.V.; the griffon vulture (gyps fulvus), the Egyptian vulture (neophron percnopterus), etc. In the biblical parlance vultures are often termed eagles.
Vulture Scripture - Deuteronomy 14:13
And the glede, and the kite, and the vulture after his kind,
Vulture Scripture - Leviticus 11:14
And the vulture, and the kite after his kind;
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