Ancient Hen. The care of a hen to protect her brood from the hawks is used by the Saviour as an illustration of His love and care for His people. (Matt. xxiii. 37; xxiv. 32.) - Animals, Birds, Insects, And Reptiles Of The Bible
Hen in Easton's Bible Dictionary
common in later times among the Jews in Israel (Matt. 23:37;
Luke 13:34). It is noticeable that this familiar bird
mentioned in these passages in connection with our
lamentation over the impenitence of Jerusalem.
Hen in Fausset's Bible Dictionary
Matthew 23:37; Luke 13:34. As "the eagle stirring up her nest,
fluttering over her young, spreading abroad her wings, taking,
bearing them on her wings," represents the Old Testament
aspect of Jehovah in relation to Israel under the law
(Deuteronomy 32:11), so the "hen," Christ the lowly loving Son
of God gathering God's children under His overshadowing wing,
in the gospel (Rth 2:12; Psalm 17:8; Psalm 91:4). (See EAGLE.)
So Jehovah "passed over", or sprang forward to overshadow
Israel from the destroying angel (Exodus 12:13). (See
Hen in Smiths Bible Dictionary
The hen is nowhere noticed in the Bible except in Mt 23:37;
Lu 13:34 That a bird so common in Israel should receive such
slight notice is certainly peculiar.
Hen in Wikipedia
Cock, Hen. — Domestic poultry are not mentioned till after the Babylonian captivity. In Jesus' time domestic poultry, introduced from India through Persia, had become common, and their well-known habits gave rise to familiar expressions, and afforded good and easy illustrations (Mark 13:35; 14:30, etc.). Jesus Christ compared His care for Jerusalem to that of a hen for her brood. The three times the word 'cock' appears in the D.V. it is owing to a misinterpretation of the primitive text.